Ancient Egypt Study Guide Potential Short Essay Questions

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Explain how two different physical features contributed to the emergence of one of the most powerful civilizations…
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1) The Desert (Nubian, Libyan, Arabian). It was able to protect the Egyptians from invaders because of the heat, lack of water, and long ways to walk. 2) A River (Nile). It was a water source for the Egyptians. The River would flood the crops then sink into the dirt leaving a thin layer of silt, and silt was the fertilizer for the crops.
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Explain how the flooding of the rivers helped make the soil rich for planting crops…
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The River would flood the crops then sink into the dirt leaving a thin layer of silt, and silt was the fertilizer for the crops.
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Know about the natural resource,Papyrus, and why it was important to Egyptians…
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Papyrus is important because it was an early form of paper. It allowed inventors to create better quality things. Most of the time Papyrus was used for recording things.
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Share an example the shows the Egyptian’s strong belief in life after death…
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The mummification process.
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Members of each social class (Powerful to powerless)…
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1) Pharaoh 2) Vizier 3) High priests and Nobles 4) Scribes and Artisans 5) Peasants and Farmers 6) Slaves
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Know why each social class was important to ancient Egypt…
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1) The Pharaoh is the king, he rules Egypt. 2) The Vizier is the Pharaohs trusted loyal assistant. 3) The noble class of Ancient Egypt typically worked for the pharaohs or the royal family in some way, also the “Overseer of the Royal Treasurer” 4) The pharaoh could not perform ceremonies at all the temples throughout Egypt, he appointed high priests to carry out the sacred rituals at each temple. 5) Scribes wrote documents, symbols on buildings/statues 6) Artisans did the art such as painting or carving 7) Peasants built stuff for little money 8) Farmers grew crops and fed the village 9) Slaves were held captive and built buildings or cleaned houses
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Know why Akhenaton was a “revolutionary” ruler…
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1) Moved from Thebes to Amarna 2) Changed art 3) He made himself the only priest 4) He changed the religion from polytheism to monotheism
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Know why the period New Kingdom is referred to as “The Golden Age”…
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Because it was about peace and prosperity.
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Know the name of the first female pharaoh and be able to make a claim as to why she was disliked…
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Her name was Hatshepsut. 1) The Nephew was supposed to be the Pharaoh 2) She was the first female pharaoh
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Know what subjectivity means…
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judgment based on individual personal impressions and feelings and opinions rather than external facts.
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Know what objectivity means…
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judgment based on observable phenomena and uninfluenced by emotions or personal prejudices.
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Know what ethnocentrism is…
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belief in the superiority of one’s own ethnic group.
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Know what bias is…
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Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.

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