AMHS Chem H test 1/13

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
H⁺
Hydrogen
Li⁺
Lithium
Na⁺
Sodium
K⁺
Potassium
Cs⁺
Cesium
Be²⁺
Beryllium
Mg²⁺
Magnesium
Ca²⁺
Calcium
Ba²⁺
Barium
Al³⁺
Aluminum
Ag⁺
Silver
Zn²⁺
Zinc
Fe³⁺
Iron (III)
Fe²⁺
Iron (II)
Cu²⁺
Copper (II)
Cu⁺
Copper (I)
Co³⁺
Cobalt (III)
Co²⁺
Cobalt (II)
Sn⁴⁺
Tin (IV)
Sn²⁺
Tin (II)
Pb⁴⁺
Lead (IV)
Pb²⁺
Lead (II)
Hg²⁺
Mercury (I)
H⁻
Hydride
F⁻
Fluoride
Cl⁻
Chloride
Br⁻
Bromide
I⁻
Iodide
O²⁻
Oxide
S²⁻
Sulfide
N³⁻
Nitride
P⁻
Phosphide
NH₄⁻
Ammonium
NO₂⁻
Nitrite
NO⁻
Nitrate
SO₃²⁻
Sulfite
SO₄²⁻
Sulfate
HSO₄⁻
Hydrogen sulfate
OH⁻
Hydroxide
CN⁻
Cyanide
PO₄³⁻
Phosphate
NCS⁻
Thiocyanate
CO₃²⁻
Carbonate
HCO₃⁻
Hydrogen carbonate
ClO⁻
Hypochlorite
ClO₂⁻
Chlorite
ClO₃⁻
Chlorate
ClO₄⁻
Perchlorate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
Acetate
MnO₄⁻
Permanganate
Cr₂O₇²⁻
Dichromate
CrO₄²⁻
Chromate
O₂²⁻
Peroxide
C₂O₄²⁻
Oxalate
NH₂⁻
Amide
True or False?
In naming ionic compounds, the cation is always named first and the anion second?
True
Which of the following is a binary compound?
A.O₂
B.HCN
C.H₂SO₄
D.H₂S
E.NaOH
D.H₂S
The correct name for LiCl is
lithium chloride
The correct name for FeO
iron (II) oxide
The charge on a barium ion in its ionic compound is
+2
the symbol for rubidium ion is
Rb⁺
Na⁺ represents a
sodium
The correct name for the Al³⁺ species is
aluminum ion
Which of the following is not the correct chemical formula for the compound named?
a. hydrocyanic acid HCN
b. calcium sulfate CaSO₄
c. beryllium oxide BeO
d. nickel (II) peroxide Ni₂O
e. ammonium Chromate (NH₄)₂CrO₄
d. nickel (II) peroxide Ni₂O
Which of the following formulas is incorrect?
a. NaBR
b. AlCl₃
c.Li₂S
d. Mg (OH)₂
e. CsCl₂
e. CsCl₂
Titanium (IV) oxide has the formula
TiO₂
The name for Li₂O is _____________
Lithium oxide
The correct name for P₂O₅ is
diphosphorous pentoxide
A compound contains an unknown ion X and has the formula XCL₂. Ion X contains 20 electrons. What is the identity of X?
Ti²⁺
What is the formula for sulfur trioxide
SO₃
The binary compound PCl₃ is called
phosphorus trichloride
The compound PI₃ is named
phosphorus triiodide
the name for SO₂ is _____________
sulfur dioxide
The formula for calcium hydrogen sulfate
Ca(HSO₄)₂
The name of the compound NH₄ClO₄ is
ammonium perchlorate
The correct formula for the carbonate ion is
CO₃²⁻
The correct formula for ammonium sulfate is
(NH₄)₂SO₄
The name for the NO₃⁻ ion is
nitrate ion
The name for ClO₄⁻ is _____________
perchlorate
The correct name for the Sn⁺⁴ species is _____________
Tin (IV) species
The name for Fe⁺² species is _____________
Iron (II) ion
The name for CO₃²⁻ is _____________
carbonate ion
The name for NO₃⁻ is _____________
nitrate ion
the correct formula for the ammonium ion is
NH₄⁺
The carbonate ion has the formula CO₃²⁻. What is the correct formula for sodium carbonate?
Na₂CO₃
What is the name for HPO₄²⁻?
hydrogen phosphate ion
The substance ClO₃⁻ is best described as
a polyatomic ion
The formula for the compound formed from the polyatomec ions NH₄⁺ and PO₄³⁻ is
(NH₄)₃PO₄
The name for ClO₄⁻ ion is
perchlorate ion
Which of the following is named incorrectly? What should its name be?
Fe(OH)₂; iron (II) hydroxide
Potassium chlorate has the formula?
KClO₃
Sodium chlorite has the formula
NaClO₂
Which of the following represents the hypochlorite ion?
ClO⁻
The formula for the compound formed from ammonium and sulfate ions is
(NH₄)₂SO₄
The name of the ClO₂⁻ ion is
chlorite
The name for the compound NH₄F is _____________
Ammonium fluoride
The name for the compound Sn(NO₃)₂ is _____________
Tin (II) Nitrate
THe name for the compound Fe₂O₃ is _____________
Iron (III) oxide
The correct name for NiO is
nickel (II) oxide
The name for Sn⁺² is
tin (II) ion
The name for SrCl₂
strontium chloride
The name for NH₄Br is
ammonium bromide
The name for the Sr⁺² species is
strontium ion
The name for MnBr₂ is
manganese (II) bromide
The name for NaHCO₃ is
sodium hydrogen carbonate (sodium bicarbonate)
The name for Na₃N is
sodium nitride
The name for Al(OH)₃ is
aluminum hydroxide
The name for Ba(NO₃)₂ is
barium nitrate
The name for BaSO₄ _____________
Barium sulfate
The name for FeCl₃ is _____________
iron (III) chloride
The name for PCl₅ is _____________
Phosphorus pentachloride
The name for N₂O is _____________
dinitrogen monoxide
The name for CsI is _____________
cesium iodide
The name for (NH₄)₂CO₃ is _____________
Ammonium carbonate
The name for CuCL₂ is _____________
Copper (II) Chloride
The name for PBr₅ is _____________
Phosphorus pentabromide
The name for CO is _____________
Carbon monoxide
the name for C₂H₃O₂⁻ is _____________
acetate ion
The name for OH⁻ is _____________
hydroxide ion
The name for MgCO₃ is _____________
Magnesium carbonate
The name for compound KNO₂ is _____________
Potassium Nitrite
The name for the compound FeO is _____________
iron (II) oxide
The name for MnO₂ _____________
Manganese (IV) oxide
The name for MgCl₂ is _____________
magnesium chloride
The name for NH₄⁺ is _____________
ammonium ion
The name for the compound K₂O is _____________
Potassium oxide
The name for the compound NaHCO₃ is _____________
sodium bicarbonate
The name for the compound PI₃ is _____________
phosphorus triiodide
The name for the compound SnO₂ is _____________
Tin (IV) oxide
The name for MG(HCO₃)₂ is _____________
magnesium bicarbonate
The name for (NH₄)₂SO₄ is _____________
Ammonium Sulfate
The name for Co(OH)₂ is
cobalt (II) hydroxide
The name for N₂S₃ is _____________
dinitrogen trifsulfide
The name for SrHPO₄ is
strontium hydrogen phosphate
The name for Cu₃(PO₄)₂ is _____________
copper (II) phosphate
The name for KC₂H₃O₂ is _____________
Potassium Acetate
The name for NaCL is _____________
sodium chloride
The name for CuCl₂ is _____________
Copper (II) chloride
The name for Ba(NO₃)₂ is _____________
Barium Nitrate
The name for Ag₂CO₃ is _____________
silver (I) carbonate (silver carbonate)
The name of SiO₂ is _____________
silicon dioxide
The name for Mn(C₂H₃O₂) is _____________
manganese (II) acetate
The name for FeCL₃ is _____________
Iron (III) chloride
The name for Zn (OH)₂ is _____________
Zinc (II) Hydroxide
Molecular Compounds:
Made just_____________1; smallest piece is a _____________2
no _____________3! The name _____________4tells you the number of atoms.
Uses_____________5to tell you the exact number of each element present
1. nonmetals
2. molecule
3. charges present
4. name
5. Prefix names
Prefix name:
1
mono
Prefix name:
2
di
Prefix name:
3
tri
Prefix name:
4
tetra
Prefix name:
5
penta
Prefix name:
6
hexa
Prefix name:
7
hepta
Prefix name:
8
octa
Prefix name:
9
nona
Prefix name:
10
deca
atoms are electrically 1__________
because there is the same number of 2__________ and 3__________
1. neutral
2. protons
3. electrons
ions are atoms, or groups of atoms, with a 1__________ (positive or negative)
they have 2__________ numbers of protons and electrons
only 3__________ can move, and ions are made by gaining or losing 4__________
1. charge
2. different
3. electrons
4. electrons
anions
a 1__________ ion because it has 2__________ electrons
3__________ can gain electrons
charge is written as a 4__________ on the right. Ex. F¹⁻ or O²⁻
1. negative
2. gained
3. nonmetals
4.superscript
Cations
a 1__________ ion formed by 2__________ electrons
more 3__________ than 4__________
1. positive
2. losing
3. protons
4. electrons
__________ can lose electrons Ex. K¹⁺ Ca²⁺
Metals
Periodic Groups:
Group IA 1__________ Group IIA 2__________ Group IIIA 3__________
1. ¹⁺
2. ²⁺
3. ³⁺
Periodic Groups:
Group IVA 1__________ Group VA 2__________ Group VIA 3__________
1. covalent compounds
2. ³⁻
3. ²⁻
Periodic Groups:
Group VIIA 1__________ Group VIIIA 2__________
1. ¹⁻
2. no charge
Group B elements: Many transition elements have __________ possible oxidation state.
more than one
Naming Cations:
Two methods-
-1__________system – uses 2__________in parenthesis to indicate the numerical value
1. stock
2. roman numerals
If the charge is always the same (like in the Group A metals) just write __________ of the metals.
name
Transition metals can have more than one type of 1__________.
Indicate their charge as a 2__________ in parenthesis after the name of the metal.
1. charge
2. Roman numerals
Silver is always 1__________; Cadmium and Zinc are always 2__________
1. ¹⁺
2. ²⁺
Anions are always the __________
same charge
change the monatomic element ending to __________
ide
F¹⁻ a fluorine atome will become a __________
fluoride ion
Groups of atoms that 1__________ and have an 2__________.
usually end in 3__________ or 4__________
1. stay together
2. overal charge
3. ate
4. ite

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