American History Chapter 12 Section 2

Flashcard maker : Rae Jordan
Abolitionist-
Reformers who wanted to abolish, or end slavery
William Lloyd Garrison-
One of the most forceful voices for abolition
Frederick Douglass-
Perhaps the most powerful speaker for abolitionism who was born into slavery
Harriet Tubman-
An woman who escaped from slavery, escorted more than 300 people to freedom via the Underground Railroad
What solutions did the American Colonization Society propose to end slavery?
They proposed that slaves be freed gradually and transported to Liberia, a colony founded un 1822 in the west coast of Africa.
Why did most African Americans reject the society’s goals?
They figured society was against them so they didn’t listen to the goals.
Which groups in the North were opposed to abolition? Why?
Northern textile mills, northern merchants, and northern workers were afraid the newly freed African Americans would take their jobs.
How might the concerns of these groups been calmed?
They might could make more jobs. Price of cotton stayed low, more people could buy it.
What was the Underground Railroad?
The underground rail road was a series of house along the paths of freedom slaves could stop at and rest up to get ready to run again.
Who published the Appeal: to the Colored Citizens of the World? What did it urge enslaved people to do?
David Walker, whose strongly worded pamphlet urged enslaved people to rebel if necessary , to gain their freedom.
1. Roots of the Antislavery Movement Part 1
A. Prominent leaders such as Alexander Hamilton and Benjamin Franklin opposed slavery. They believed slavery violated the basic principle of the Declaration of Independence, \”All men are created equal.\”
1. Roots of the Antislavery Movement Part 2
B. Slavery Ends in the North
â—‹ Pennsylvania became the first state to pass a law that gradually eliminated slavery
â—‹ Congress also outlawed slavery in the Northwest Territory
â—‹ When Ohio entered the Union, it became the first state to ban slavery
B. Slavery Ends in the North
â—‹ Pennsylvania became the first state to pass a law that gradually eliminated slavery
â—‹ Congress also outlawed slavery in the Northwest Territory
â—‹ When Ohio entered the Union, it became the first state to ban slavery
2. Growing Opposition to Slavery Part 1
A. Second Great Awakening inspired further opposition to slavery
B. Many people were influenced by Charles Finney, who condemned slavery
2. Growing Opposition to Slavery Part 2
C. Abolitionist called for an immediate end to slavery
2. Growing Opposition to Slavery Part 3
D. William Lloyd Garrison
â—‹ A Quaker who strongly opposed the use of violence to end slavery
â—‹ He favored full political rights for all African Americans
â—‹ Launched a newspaper The Liberator
D. William Lloyd Garrison
â—‹ A Quaker who strongly opposed the use of violence to end slavery
â—‹ He favored full political rights for all African Americans
â—‹ Launched a newspaper The Liberator
2. Growing Opposition to Slavery Part 4
E. African American Abolitionist
â—‹ David Walker- Published the Appeal: To the Colored Citizens of the World. This pamphlet urged slaves to rebel for their freedom.
â—‹ Fredrick Douglass- Born into slavery, but broke the law by learning to read
E. African American Abolitionist
â—‹ David Walker- Published the Appeal: To the Colored Citizens of the World. This pamphlet urged slaves to rebel for their freedom.
â—‹ Fredrick Douglass- Born into slavery, but broke the law by learning to read
David Walker-
Published the Appeal: To the Colored Citizens of the World. This pamphlet urged slaves to rebel for their freedom
Fredrick Douglass-
Born into slavery, but broke the law by learning to read
3. The Underground Railroad Part 1
A. A network of people, blank and white, northerners and southerners, who secretly helped slaves reach freedom
B. Working for the underground railroad was illegal and dangerous
3. The Underground Railroad Part 2
C. \”Conductors\” led slaves from one \”station\” to the next. Stations were homes of abolitionists
D. Levi Coffin- Indiana Quaker who assisted more than 3,000 slaves
3. The Underground Railroad Part 4
E. Harriet Tubman- Escaped from slavery and escorted more than 300 slaves to freedom. Slave owners put up a reward of $ 40,000 for her capture
Harriet Tubman-
Escaped from slavery and escorted more than 300 slaves to freedom. Slave owners put up a reward of $ 40,000 for her capture
Levi Coffin-
Indiana Quaker who assisted more than 3,000 slaves
4. Opposing Abolition
A. Some Northerners did oppose abolition because some northern textile mill owners and merchant relied the cotton produced by slave labor

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