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Albert Ellis’ Rational Emotive Therapy

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View of Human Nature
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-We are born with the potential for both rational and irrational thinking while our culture and family can help develop irrational thoughts. -We keep ourselves disturbed through self talk and have the capacity to change our cognitive, emotive and behavioural processes through active, directive and highly cognitive therapy.
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View of Emotional Disturbance
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-We over or underreact to adversities because of irrational and unexamined beliefs -We have a general tendency to change our desires and preferences into demands
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Types of Irrational Beliefs
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-Inferences: “others will think I’m weird” -Demands: “Others should like me” -Evaluations: “I can’t stand this”
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The ABC Theory
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A ———————-B——————-C activating event belief consequence | (emotional and behavioural) D——————–E——————F disputing effect new intervention (an effective feeling philosophy is developed)
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Goal of REBT
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For client to achieve unconditional self-acceptance, other-acceptance and life acceptance leading to healthy rational and reality-based constructive emotions.
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Cognitive Methods
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Disputation, cognitive homework, changing language and psychoeducation.
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Emotive Methods
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-Rational emotive imager “Imagine being anxious and dealing with it, what did you do to bring about change?” -Humour -Role Playing -Shame attacking exercises eg. go out into public and do something that would normally make the client embarrassed, record what happens
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Behavioural Methods
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-Systematic Desensitisation -Relaxation Techniques -Modelling -Behavioural homework