Africa, Europe, Imperialism Pre Quiz Map/ Page 607 Map

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1830
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France occupied Algiers For 40 years rebellion occurred france had to put a stop to the Algerian protest. France takes control
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1869
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Suez canal completed Canal was owned by france and egypt Egypt needed money and the stock was sold to britian Britian gained control of canal and traveled 4,300 miles less to get to india
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1875
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The British seized the Dutch Cape Colony in 1795; returned it to the Dutch in 1803; and seized it again in 1806. After 1806, they remained in control of Cape Colony and gradually extended their control along the coast to the east. The Boers did not accept British rule gracefully, however, and the resulting friction caused warfare until 1900.
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Control of NW Africa
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The French controlled NW Africa. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, seven European powers France, Germany, Britain, Italy, Spain, Belgium and Portugal – were active in claiming African territory as their own. By 1914, the vast majority of the continent was under European control, with France dominating the northwest, while British possessions were concentrated in the east and south. European colonial activity in Africa was motivated by a variety of factors.
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Control of NE Africa
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The British controlled NE Africa. European imperialism in Africa was partly due to rivalries between the different European countries involved, with Britain, Germany and France the dominant powers. by the 1880s “rivalries and interventions had been building up already over several decades.” Each country aimed to increase its own prestige by claiming territories in other parts of the world.
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Protectorate
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Stronger nation rules the weaker nation Ruler kept its power but was ruled under nation who occupied it a state that is controlled and protected by another.
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Congress of berlin
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1878 was a meeting of European nations land was split between britian and france british got island of Cyprus france got Tunisia.
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Scramble for Africa
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The “Scramble for Africa” is the popular name for the invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. It is also called the Partition of Africa and the Conquest of Africa.
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1870 to 1910
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1870-10% European control over Africa 1910-90% European control over Africa Europeans gained 80% of power
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W. Superority
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Europe, americas and believe they should educate those around the state of being superior. a supercilious manner or attitude.
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Tunisia, morocco
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North west africa Both over taken by france. Tunisia went bankrupt.
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Liberia, ethiopia
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Both were free, independent. Liberia was made up of freed U.S. slaves and the US would not let Europe take over the land. Tiny. 1847 Ethiopia won a war against italy (biggest european lost/most embarassing)1896
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1847
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The Republic of Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, declares its independence. Under pressure from Britain America was over looking country and made other nations stop attempting to control and take of it
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1896
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Battle of Adwa, Adwa also spelled Adowa or Italian Adua, (March 1, 1896), military clash at Adwa, in north-central Ethiopia, between the Ethiopian army of Emperor Menilek II and Italian forces. The Ethiopian army’s victory checked Italy’s attempt to build an empire in Africa. The victory had further significance for being the first crushing defeat of a European power by African forces during the colonial era.
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Berlin conference
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All europeans and they decided to redraw line
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Industrial revolution
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Began in 1760-1829 began late 1700s Began in great Britain and Europe. Use animal power and human power before revolution. Revolution began machinery Brought wealth to countries and made them imperial

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