Abnormal Psychology Chapter 7 Quiz

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Which of the following disorders is NOT part of the proposed DSM-5’s chapter on OCD-related disorders? body dysmorphic disorder hoarding disorder obsessive-compulsive disorder panic disorder
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Panic disorder
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Which of the following is an obsession? repeatedly checking that the water is turned off. humming a tune over and over. having a recurring fear that one is giving others illnesses when they actually are not. having excessive worry over finances.
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Having a recurring fear that one is giving others illnesses when they actually are not.
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Treatment of acute stress disorder is
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important, as it reduces the risk of developing PTSD.
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A study of compulsive checkers (people who continually check to see if they have done something such as turning off the stove) found that these individuals
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have a memory deficit for actions they have performed.
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People who compulsively check their appearance and spend countless hours staring at themselves in the mirror will likely be diagnosed as having
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Body Dysmorphic Disorder
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Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding exposure and ritual prevention treatment for OCD? it is considered the first-line treatment approach. it is especially effective when hoarding is present. it is very intensive, causing as many as 25% of patients to refuse treatment. it is at least partially effective for over half of the patients treated.
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It is especially effective when hoarding is present.
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When the person deliberately remembers the event in therapy it is called
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Imaginal exposure
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Conditions that are triggered by exposure to severely stressful events are referred to as
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Trauma-Related Disorders
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Behavioral models consider compulsions to be
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operantly conditioned responses
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Hoarding disorder is often comorbid with __.
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generalized anxiety disorder, depression, and OCD
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Diane has repetitive thoughts that her house will catch on fire. She repeatedly checks the stove to make sure it is turned off. Diane’s compulsive behavior serves to
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provide immediate relief from the anxiety associated with her repetitive thoughts, reinforces her checking behaviors and lowers her psychosociological arousal.
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OCD tends to be
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more common in women than in men.
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Repetitive thoughts and behaviors that are so extreme that they interfere with everyday life are referred to as
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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
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The subjective feeling of knowing is called
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Yedasentience
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Among women seeking plastic surgery, approximately __ percent meet the criteria for diagnosis with body dysmorphic disorder.
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5-7%
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Efforts to inhibit obsessive thoughts
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may increase obsessional thinking and negative mood.
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A common symptom associated with OCD is
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trying unsuccessfully to suppress, ignore, or neutralize the obsession.
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Approximately one third of people with hoarding disorder also engage in
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animal hoarding.
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Body dysmorphic disorder is most likely to begin in
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adolescence
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__ involves immediate treatment of trauma victims within 72 hours of the traumatic event.
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Critical incident stress debriefing
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Approximately __ percent of people diagnosed as having body dysmorphic disorder are unable to work.
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40%
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People diagnosed as having body dysmorphic disorder are more attuned to
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facial symmetry and attractiveness
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Which of the following is NOT a likely comorbid diagnosis for those with PTSD? major depression social anxiety disorder substance abuse other anxiety disorders
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social anxiety disorder
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The proposed DSM-5 has symptoms for PTSD divided into __ categories.
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4
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Approximately __ percent of people diagnosed as having OCD also have some symptoms of hoarding.
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33%
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The two-factor model of conditioning for PTSD involves classical conditioning and
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operant conditioning
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Feeling removed from one’s body, emotions, or being unable to remember an event is predictive of
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PTSD
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Attempting to stop an obsession is called
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thought suppression.
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Commonly reported compulsions include which of the following? pursuing cleanliness and orderliness performing repetitive, magical protective acts. repetitive checking to ensure that certain acts are carried out. all of the above
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all of the above
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According to the proposed DSM-5, all of the following are symptoms of ASD EXCEPT: recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive distressing memories since the trauma. recurrent distressing dreams about the trauma. dissociative reactions (flashbacks) since the trauma. all of the above are symptoms of ASD.
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all of the above are symptoms of ASD
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Irritable or aggressive behavior, reckless or self-destructive behavior, difficulty falling or staying asleep, and hyper vigilance are all symptoms associated with the proposed DSM-5’s __ category of PTSD.
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symptoms of increased arousal and reactivity
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Iris was in an automobile accident. She goes to a psychologist one week after the accident. If she is experiencing nightmares, flashbacks, headache, and is ruminating about the accident, she will likely receive which diagnosis?
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acute stress disorder
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The DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD have been criticized as being too
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broad
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The proposed DSM-5 differs from the DSM-IV-TR in that
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made OCD and trauma-related disorders their own chapter.
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A newly proposed disorder in the DSM-5 is
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hoarding disorder.
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The __ of the trauma influences whether or not a person will develop PTSD.
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severity
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The estimated heritability for OCD ranges from __ to __ percent.
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30-50
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Extreme response to a severe stressor that includes increased anxiety, avoidance of stimuli associate with an event, and symptoms of increased arousal are symptoms of which disorder?
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PTSD
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The most common type of trauma for women that invokes PTSD is
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rape.
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The most common foci for obsessions include all of the following EXCEPT contamination. travel. sexual or aggressive impulses. symmetry or order.
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travel

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