Please enter something

Abnormal Psychology Ch. 5 (Barlow/Durand 7th edition)

question

anxiety
answer

a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of physical tension and by apprehension about the future
question

panic
answer

sudden, overwhelming fright or terror
question

fear
answer

an immediate alarm reaction to danger
question

panic attack
answer

an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort, accompanied by physical symptoms that usually include heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and, possibly, dizziness
question

behavioral inhibition system (BIS)
answer

brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety
question

fight/flight system (FFS)
answer

brain circuit in animals that when stimulated causes an immediate alarm and escape response resembling human panic
question

generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
answer

anxiety disorder characterized by intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive, accompanied by physical symptoms of tenseness, irritability, and restlessness
question

panic disorder (PD)
answer

recurrent unexpected panic attacks accompanied by concern about future attacks and/or a lifestyle change to avoid future attacks
question

agoraphobia
answer

anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult in the event of panic symptoms or other unpleasant physical symptoms
question

panic control treatment (PCT)
answer

cognitive behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared somatic sensations and modification of perceptions and attitudes about them
question

specific phobia
answer

unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning
question

blood-injection-injury phobias
answer

unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury, or the possibility of an injection
question

situational phobias
answer

anxiety involving enclosed places or public transportation
question

natural environment phobias
answer

fear of situations or events in nature, especially heights, storms, and water
question

animal phobia
answer

unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life
question

separation anxiety disorder
answer

excessive, enduring fear in some individuals that harm will come to them or their loved ones when they are apart
question

social anxiety disorder
answer

extreme, enduring, irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance situations
question

post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
answer

enduring, distressing emotional disorder that follows exposure to severe helplessness or a fear-inducing threat
question

attachment disorders
answer

developmentally inappropriate behaviors in which a child is unable or unwilling to form normal attachment relationships with care giving adults
question

reactive attachment disorder
answer

attachment disorder in which a child with disturbed behavior neither seeks out a caregiver nor responds to offers of help from one
question

disinhibited social engagement disorder
answer

condition in which a child shows no inhibitions whatsoever in approaching adults
question

obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
answer

disorder involving unwanted, persistent, intrusive thoughts and impulses, as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them
question

obsessions
answer

recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulses the client seeks to suppress or neutralize while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces
question

compulsions
answer

repetitive, ritualistic, time-consuming behaviors or mental acts a person feels driven to perform to suppress obsessions
question

body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
answer

disorder featuring a disruptive preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance
question

trichotillomania
answer

people’s urge to pull out their own hair from anywhere on the body, including the scalp, eyebrows, and arm
question

excoriation
answer

recurrent, difficult-to-control picking of one’s skin leading to significant impairment or distress
question

somatic symptom disorder
answer

disorder involving extreme and long-lasting focus on multiple physical symptoms for which no medical cause is evident
question

dissociative disorder
answer

disorder in which individuals feel detached from themselves or their surroundings and reality, experience, and identity may disintegrate
question

illness anxiety disorder
answer

somatic symptom disorder involving severe anxiety over belief in having a disease process without any evident physical cause
question

psychological factors affecting medical condition
answer

somatic condition in which a psychological characteristic impacts a diagnosed medical condition, such as asthma being exacerbated by anxiety
question

conversion disorder
answer

physical malfunctioning, such as blindness or paralysis, suggesting neurological impairment but with no organic pathology to account for it
question

malingering
answer

deliberate faking of a physical or psychological disorder motivated by gain
question

factitious disorder
answer

nonexistent physical or psychological disorder deliberately faked for no apparent gain except possibly sympathy and attention
question

derealization
answer

situation in which the individual loses a sense of the reality of the external world
question

depersonalization/derealization disorder
answer

dissociative disorder in which feelings of depersonalization are so severe they dominate the client’s life and prevent normal functioning
question

dissociative amnesia
answer

dissociative disorder featuring the inability to recall personal information, usually of a stressful or traumatic nature
question

generalized amnesia
answer

loss of memory of all personal information, including identity
question

localized or selective amnesia
answer

memory loss limited to specific times and events, particularly traumatic events
question

dissociative fugue
answer

type of dissociative amnesia featuring sudden, unexpected travel away from home, along with an inability to recall the past, sometimes with assumption of a new identity
question

dissociative trance
answer

altered state of consciousness in which people firmly believe they are possessed by spirits; considered a disorder only where there is distress and dysfunction
question

dissociative identity disorder (DID)
answer

formerly known as multiple personality disorder; a disorder in which as many as 100 personalities or fragments of personalities coexist within one body and mind
question

alter egos (alters)
answer

the different personalities or identities in dissociative identity disorder