7: States of Consciousness

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simultaneous processing of information on many parallel tracks
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unconscious mental activity
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Staying up especially late on weekends
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the circadian rhythm
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Sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with ___ sleep
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Stage 4
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greatest proportion of our sleep time
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Stage 2
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recurring sleep stage during which most vivid dreams commonly occur
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REM
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sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity
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sleep apnea
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distinction between manifest content and latent content is central to ___ theory of dreams
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Freud’s wish-fulfillment
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Research most clearly disputes claims of
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age regression
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hypnotism encourages
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false memories
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Dissociation has been used as an explanation for
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hypnotic pain relief
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social influence theory of hypnosis receives support from evidence that
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behaviors produced through hypnotic procedures can also be produced without them
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Neuroadaptation most clearly contributes to
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drug tolerance
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Research on addictive drugs most clearly indicates that
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most of America’s ex-smokers were able to kick the habit on their own
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Alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memory by
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decreasing REM sleep
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experience of vivid geometric images and dreamlike scenes most likely to be triggered by
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LSD
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navigate a familiar route while carrying on an animated conversation with passengers
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parallel processing
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five-stage sleep cycle provides an example of
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biological rhythms
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Bright light inhibits our feelings of sleepiness by influencing the production of
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melatonin
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recall being floated off their beds. incorporated ________ into their memories
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hypnagogic sensations
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large, slow brain waves associated with Stage 4 sleep are called
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delta waves
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Chronic sleep deprivation is most likely to contribute to
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suppression of the immune system
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insomniacs typically ___ how long it takes them to fall asleep and ___ how long they slept
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overestimate; underestimate
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Narcolepsy: a relative absence of a hypothalamic neural center that produces
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hypocretin
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activation-synthesis theory provides a physiological explanation for
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dreaming
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Anton Mesmer’s so-called \”animal magnetism\” best illustrated the dynamics of
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hypnosis
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hypnosis involves
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role playing
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physical pain following discontinued use of a psychoactive drug best illustrates
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withdrawal
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psychoactive drugs produces the quickest and most powerful rush of euphoria
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cocaine
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account for the substance abuse of her therapy clients
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biopsychosocial
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Hallucinations similar to those that accompany the near-death experience can be produced by
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oxygen deprivation

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