2,3,3-trimethylpentane C8H18 structure

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C8H18 structure
Molecular Formula C8H18
Average mass 114.229 Da
Density 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 114.9±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 11.4±11.7 °C
Molar Refractivity 39.0±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 15.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 20.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 161.0±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -101 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 13464
      -100.9 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 19537
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      668 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_1737, replib_149761
      720.6 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      761.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 59, 1994, 2390-2396.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      761.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: .25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 59, 1994, 2390-2396., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 59, 1994, 2390-2396., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 59, 1994, 2390-2396., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 59, 1994, 2390-2396.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      755 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40 C for 12 min; -40 – 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 – 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 639, 1993, 239-253., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 8, 1970, 95-102., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.39 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Pacakova, V.; Hoch, K.; Smolkova, E., The Effect of Instrumentation on the Precision of Retention Indexes, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 320-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      757 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 7, 1969, 55-75., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 45 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.39 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Pacakova, V.; Hoch, K.; Smolkova, E., The Effect of Instrumentation on the Precision of Retention Indexes, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 320-324., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.259 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Maurer, T.; Schiefke, A., Investigation of isomeric hydrocarbons by gas-solid chromatography on graphitized thermal carbon black, Pure & Appl. Chem., 61(11), 1989, 2001-2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      756.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.264 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      747 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      759.95 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      762.11 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      764.53 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      767.27 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      769.65 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SF-96; Substrate: Chromosorb P(DMCS); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 79, 1973, 23-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      762 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 8, 1970, 95-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      761 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 55 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 849, 1999, 495-506., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 171-189., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 68 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      764.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 78.5 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, X.; Lu, P., Unified equation between Kovats indices on different stationary phases for select types of compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 731, 1996, 187-199.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      754 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 662, 1994, 269-280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      758.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      762.75 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      765 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Triacontane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 8, 1970, 95-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      759 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 58 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      763 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 67 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      758 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      759.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Schopov, D., Empirische korrektion der physikalisch-chemischen retentionsindexe von kohlenwasserstoffen auf squalan, J. Chromatogr., 63, 1971, 223-228.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      766 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 24(2), 1971, 88-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      760 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      767 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      756 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      764 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      767 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 24(10), 2007, 1404-1408.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      759 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vigdergauz, M.S.; Martynov, A.A., Some applications of the gas chromatographic linear retention indices, Chromatographia, 4, 1971, 463-467., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 74.6 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y., Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasoline boiling below 100 C, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 7(2), 1989, 88-92., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Feng, H.; Mu, L.-L., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for alkane and its derivatives based on electrotopological state index and molecular shape index, Chem. Ind. Engineering (Chinese), 24(2), 2007, 161-168.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      756 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Majek, P.; Hevesi, T.; Krupcik, J.; Chretien, J.R.; Armstrong, D.W., Chemometric studies of retention in capillary gas chromatographic separation of hydrocarbons in coupled columns, J. Chromatogr. A, , 2005, 307-314., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 100 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Muurisepp, M.; Kann, J., Composition of the oil from waste tires. 1. Fraction boiling at yp to 160 0C, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 48(1), 1999, 30-39.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      750.3 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.15 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(5min)=>2C/min =>80C=>5C/min=>120C=> 10C/min =>190C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: SGE, Analysis of gasoline range hydrocarbons. PET 01 – Petroleum, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      762 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, Y.; Liang, Y., Data mining for seeking accurate quantitative relationship between molecular structure and GC retention indices of alkanes by projection pursuit, Comput. Biol. Chem., 27, 2003, 339-353.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      761 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2(1), 2003, 33-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      744.8 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) =>10C/min=> 110C=>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of unleaded gasoline, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      752.2 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(15min) =>1.5C/min=>70C => 3C/min =>130C (30min); CAS no: 560214; Active phase: HP-PONA; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhang, X.; Qi, J.; Zhang, R.; Liu, M.; Hu, Z.; Xue, H.; Fan, B., Prediction of programmed-temperature retention values of naphthas by wavelet neural networks, Comput. Chem., 25, 2001, 125-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      757 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhu, X.; Wang, W., The relationship between partition coefficients of hydrocarbons and their retention indices, Acta Scientific Circumstantiae, 21(5), 2001, 631-633.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      750 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Spieksma, W., Determination of vapor liquid equilibrium from the Kovats retention index on dimethylsilicone using the Wilson mixing tool, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 22(10), 1999, 565-588.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      749 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=> 2C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 560214; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alissandrakis, E.; Kibaris, A.C.; Tarantilis, P.A.; Harizanis, P.C.; Polissiou, M., Flavour compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 85, 2005, 1444-1452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      760.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Majek, P.; Hevesi, T.; Krupcik, J.; Chretien, J.R.; Armstrong, D.W., Chemometric studies of retention in capillary gas chromatographic separation of hydrocarbons in coupled columns, J. Chromatogr. A, , 2005, 307-314.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      753 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guan, Y.; Li, L.; Zhou, L., Live retention database for compound identification in capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 13(5), 1995, 851-857.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      763 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dimov N., Quantitative gas chromatographic analysis and determination of solute properties. An exact equation for the calculation of the retention indices of isoalkanes on Squalane, J. Chromatogr., 119, 1976, 109-118.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      770 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dimov N., Quantitative gas chromatographic analysis and determination of solute properties. An exact equation for the calculation of the retention indices of isoalkanes on Squalane, J. Chromatogr., 119, 1976, 109-118.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      755.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Censullo, A.C.; Jones, D.R.; Wills, M.T., Speciation of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in solventborne aerosol coatings by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography, J. Coat. Technol., 75(936), 2003, 47-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      763.09 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50C(2min)=>49.9C/min=>35C(10min)=>3C/min=>200C(2min)=>40C/min=>240C(30min); CAS no: 560214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hassoun, S.; Pilling, M.J.; Bartle, K.D., A catalogue of urban hydrocarbons for the city of Leeds: atmospheric monitoring of volatile organic compounds by thermal desorption-gas chromatography, J. Environ. Monitor., 1, 1999, 453-458.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      747 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 108 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      768 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Insausti, K.; Goni, V.; Petri, E.; Gorraiz, C.; Beriain, M.J., Effect of weight at slaughter on the volatile compounds of cooked beef from Spanish cattle breeds, Meat Sci., 70, 2005, 83-90.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      734 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 14 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 560214; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baloga, D.W.; Reineccius, G.A.; Miller, J.W., Characterization of ham flavor using an atomic emission detector, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2021-2026.) NIST Spectra nist ri

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Density: 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 114.9±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 23.1±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: