13 Colonies Study Guide

John Winthrop (Puritan)
Based on the bible, believed people were educated by reading the Bible and educated people can govern themselves.

Roger Williams
Seperation of Church and State – Church officials not making all of the rules, people can vote and elect representatives instead to make rules.

Thomas Hooker
F. O. C (Fundamental Orders of Connecticut) – non-church officials could vote

James Oglethorpe
Georgia- place for debators/poor & those to be jailed, buffer b/w English colonies and Spanish owned, Florida

Roger Williams
Rhode Island- disagreed with the Puritans and forced out of Massachussetts.

William Penn
Pennsylvania- provided safe homes for the Quakers- believed in non-violence and religious tolerance for all.

Mayflower Compact
self-govt, Pilgrims made agreement so there would be order and peace

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (F. O. C)
1st written constitution (plan of government to follow don’t have to be church official to have a vote, people should have a voice in govt

Maryland Toleration Act
law that promoted religious tollerance, granted freedom of worship if you believed in Jesus Christ. Important step to freedom of religion

Virginia House of Burgesses
1st law making body in Jamestown, representatives were elected- 2 from each district, 1st step to representative government in colonies

Magna Carta
The people took the king’s power away with the Magna Carta.

Rhode Island
didn’t agree with the Pilgrims

Connecticut
didn’t agree with the Puritans

Pennsylvania
haven for the Quakers

Maryland
haven for Catholics

Georgia
place for debators/poor, also served as a buffer b/w English owned 13 and Spanish owned Florida

Massachussetts
suffered religious persecutution by King for disagreeing with Church of England

Religious
avoiding persectution on England over not following Church of England

Economical
make money for the mother country, England

Political
expanding the empire of a country

Indentured Servants
signed contract, agreed to work for 3-7 years in exchange for passage to North America

Slaves
used in plantations to harvest cahs crops, traded on the Transatlantic Slave Trade aka- Triangular Trade

New England Colonies
Geography: Thin, rocky soil, lots of trees
Climate: Harsh
Economy: Fishing, whaling, shipbuilding

Middle Colonies
Geography: Good soil, good growing season
Climate: Good
Economy: Grains, Wheat

Southern Colonies
Geography: Fertile, rich soil
Climate: Long, growing season
Economy: Cash crops- tobacco, rice (wheat), indigo

Confirmation/consent
agreeing to

Emigrate
movement of people

Political
refers to government

Geography
land

Economy
money

Correlation
connection

Democratic/Democracy
self governing, having representatives

Tolerance
acceptance

Suffrage
voting

Excerpt
part of a quote

Express
to show, demonstrate