13 Colonies Study Guide

John Winthrop (Puritan)
Based on the bible, believed people were educated by reading the Bible and educated people can govern themselves.
Roger Williams
Seperation of Church and State – Church officials not making all of the rules, people can vote and elect representatives instead to make rules.
Thomas Hooker
F. O. C (Fundamental Orders of Connecticut) – non-church officials could vote
James Oglethorpe
Georgia- place for debators/poor & those to be jailed, buffer b/w English colonies and Spanish owned, Florida
Roger Williams
Rhode Island- disagreed with the Puritans and forced out of Massachussetts.
William Penn
Pennsylvania- provided safe homes for the Quakers- believed in non-violence and religious tolerance for all.
Mayflower Compact
self-govt, Pilgrims made agreement so there would be order and peace
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (F. O. C)
1st written constitution (plan of government to follow don’t have to be church official to have a vote, people should have a voice in govt
Maryland Toleration Act
law that promoted religious tollerance, granted freedom of worship if you believed in Jesus Christ. Important step to freedom of religion
Virginia House of Burgesses
1st law making body in Jamestown, representatives were elected- 2 from each district, 1st step to representative government in colonies
Magna Carta
The people took the king’s power away with the Magna Carta.
Rhode Island
didn’t agree with the Pilgrims
Connecticut
didn’t agree with the Puritans
Pennsylvania
haven for the Quakers
Maryland
haven for Catholics
Georgia
place for debators/poor, also served as a buffer b/w English owned 13 and Spanish owned Florida
Massachussetts
suffered religious persecutution by King for disagreeing with Church of England
Religious
avoiding persectution on England over not following Church of England
Economical
make money for the mother country, England
Political
expanding the empire of a country
Indentured Servants
signed contract, agreed to work for 3-7 years in exchange for passage to North America
Slaves
used in plantations to harvest cahs crops, traded on the Transatlantic Slave Trade aka- Triangular Trade
New England Colonies
Geography: Thin, rocky soil, lots of trees
Climate: Harsh
Economy: Fishing, whaling, shipbuilding
Middle Colonies
Geography: Good soil, good growing season
Climate: Good
Economy: Grains, Wheat
Southern Colonies
Geography: Fertile, rich soil
Climate: Long, growing season
Economy: Cash crops- tobacco, rice (wheat), indigo
Confirmation/consent
agreeing to
Emigrate
movement of people
Political
refers to government
Geography
land
Economy
money
Correlation
connection
Democratic/Democracy
self governing, having representatives
Tolerance
acceptance
Suffrage
voting
Excerpt
part of a quote
Express
to show, demonstrate