1,2,3,5-tetramethylbenzene C10H14 structure

Flashcard maker : Noel Macdonald

C10H14 structure
Molecular FormulaC10H14
Average mass134.218 Da
Density0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point199.2±35.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point63.3±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity45.6±0.3 cm3
Polarizability18.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension28.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume154.5±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Predicted – Mcule
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -24 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 13729
      -23.7 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 19694
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1133 (estimated with error: 55) NIST Spectra mainlib_232299, replib_3139, replib_156224
      1113.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhu, X.; Zhang, L.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Che, X., The application quantitative structure-retention relationship of GC to aid MS qualitative analysis, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 17(4), 1999, 351-353.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108.8 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1121.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: CP Sil 2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 403-412.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1112 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40 C for 12 min; -40 – 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 – 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 639, 1993, 239-253.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1109 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matisova, E.; Kovacicova, E.; Ha, P.T.; Kolek, E.; Engewald, W., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. II. Retention indices on OV-101 columns and retention-molecular structure correlations, J. Chromatogr., 475, 1989, 113-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 278 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matisova, E.; Rukriglova, M.; Krupcik, J.; Kovacicova, E.; Holotik, S., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. I. OV-101 as stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 455, 1988, 301-309.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1110 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 278 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matisova, E.; Rukriglova, M.; Krupcik, J.; Kovacicova, E.; Holotik, S., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. I. OV-101 as stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 455, 1988, 301-309., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 37, 1982, 110-116.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1099.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Toth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 279, 1983, 157-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1104 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1118 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 37, 1982, 110-116.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1125 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 37, 1982, 110-116.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1103 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1110.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1117.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1135 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chrom W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 99, 1974, 215-230.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1137 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Perez-Parajon, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takacs, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 1048, 2004, 223-232., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chrom W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 99, 1974, 215-230.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1140 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chrom W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 99, 1974, 215-230.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1145 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chrom W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 99, 1974, 215-230.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1139 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.125 in; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 91, 1974, 633-648.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1144 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.125 in; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 91, 1974, 633-648.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1149 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.125 in; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 91, 1974, 633-648.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1150 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.125 in; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 91, 1974, 633-648.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1097.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 65 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 677-689.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1123 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Antheaume, J.; Guiochon, G., Application de la chromatographie en phase gazeuse a l’etude de la composition des fractions moyennes d’un brut petrolier, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 2, 1965, 298-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1129 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Perez-Parajon, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takacs, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 1048, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1118.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Fingas, M.; Li, K., Fractionation of a light crude oil and identification and quantitation of aliphatic, aromatic, and biomarker comopunds by GC-FID and GC-MS, Part II, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 32, 1994, 367-382.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Macak, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 234, 1982, 285-302., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Bur’yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 33(7), 1978, 1108-1113, In original 1416-1422.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1111.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 96 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Macak, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 234, 1982, 285-302., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 96 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Bur’yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 33(7), 1978, 1108-1113, In original 1416-1422.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., Relationship between the gas chromatographic behaviour and the molecular structure of hydrocarbon samples and various stationary phases. Part II. Correlation between the retention index, physicochemical properties and molecular structure, Chromatographia, 13(2), 1980, 93-100.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1113 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L., Molekulstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. VIII. Zum Retentionsverhalten hoherer Alkylbenzole bei der Gas-Verteilungs-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 9(11), 1976, 540-547.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1105.05 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Rijks, J.A., Capillary gas chromatography of alkylbenzenes. I. Some problems encountered with the precision of the retention indcies of alkylbenzenes, J. Chromatogr., 119, 1976, 505-521.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1154 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 24(2), 1971, 88-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1151 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1456.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Perez-Parajon, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takacs, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 1048, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1474.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Perez-Parajon, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takacs, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 1048, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1395 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Egazaryants, S.V.; Maximov, A.L., Analysis of Gasoline Fractions by Capillary GC, in 20th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 1998, 1-6.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1416.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Toth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 279, 1983, 157-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1410.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L., Molekulstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. VIII. Zum Retentionsverhalten hoherer Alkylbenzole bei der Gas-Verteilungs-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 9(11), 1976, 540-547.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1455.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Carbowax 6000; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 677-689.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1115 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhang, X.; Ding, L.; Sun, Z.; Song, L.; Sun, T., Study on quantitative structure-retention relationships for hydrocarbons in FCC gasoline, Chromatographia, 70(3/4), 2009, 511-518.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1104 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Perichet, C.; Lavoine, S., Characterization of the Chemical Composition of a Byproduct from Siam Benzoin Gum, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8848-8854., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1100 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hartgers, W.A.; Damste, J.S.S.; de Leeuw, J.W., Identification of C2-C4 alkylated benzenes in flash pyrolysates of kerogens, coals and asphaltenes, J. Chromatogr., 606, 1992, 211-220., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Polymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cornwell, E.; Cordano, G., Nueva proposicion para predecir datos de retencion obtenidos mediante cromatografia de gases de hidrocarburos derivados de las naftas, Revista de la Sociedad Quimica de Mexico, 47(1), 2003, 38-43.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1109.3 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) => 10C/min =>110C =>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 527537; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of a petroleum refinery reformate standard, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1103 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 160 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Muurisepp, M.; Kann, J., Composition of the oil from waste tires. 2. Fraction boiling at 160-180 0C, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 48(3), 1999, 136-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108.3 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (13 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 45 0C (15 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 60 0C (15 min) ^ 1.9 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: RTX-1 PONA; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1107 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 95.4 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Comparison of interpolation methods for the interpretation of retention data in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 148(1), 1978, 159-167., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xiuhua, Zh.; Zhang, L.; Che, X., Prediction of the Kovats retention indexes of polysubstituted alkylbenzenes, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 14(4), 1996, 244-248.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1110 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tian, S., Analysis of the tower bottom oil of dimethylbenzene rectifying tower and C9 aromatic hydrocarbon fraction by capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 11(4), 1993, 202-206.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1117 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tian, S., Analysis of the tower bottom oil of dimethylbenzene rectifying tower and C9 aromatic hydrocarbon fraction by capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 11(4), 1993, 202-206.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1118 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tian, S., Analysis of the tower bottom oil of dimethylbenzene rectifying tower and C9 aromatic hydrocarbon fraction by capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 11(4), 1993, 202-206.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1116 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Papazova, D.I.; Pankova, M.C., Identification of individual aromatic hydrocarbons in kerosene fraction (b.p. 150-250 ), J. Chromatogr., 105, 1975, 411-414., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bermejo, J.; Moinelo, S.R.; Suarez Canga, C., Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Instituto Nacional del Carbon y sus Derivados “Francisco Pintado Fe” (INCAR), La Corredoria, Oviedo, Espana, 1980, 13., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography – mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 75-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1109 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 52 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 – 160 C at 1.5 deg/min; 160 – 280 C at 15 deg/min 15 min at 280 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.38 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Matisova, E.; Juranyiova, E.; Kuran, P.; Brandsteterova, E.; Kocan, A.; Holotik, S., Analysis of multicomponent mixtures by high-resolution capillary gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. I. Aromatics in a hydrocarbon matrix, J. Chromatogr., 552, 1991, 301-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1122 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Papazova, D.I.; Pankova, M.C., Identification of individual aromatic hydrocarbons in kerosene fraction (b.p. 150-250 ), J. Chromatogr., 105, 1975, 411-414., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: E-301; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bermejo, J.; Moinelo, S.R.; Suarez Canga, C., Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Instituto Nacional del Carbon y sus Derivados “Francisco Pintado Fe” (INCAR), La Corredoria, Oviedo, Espana, 1980, 13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1113 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d’etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l’initiative du IX., , 1962, 132-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1137 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=> 4C/min =>75C =>8C/min =>250C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: HP-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Simultaneous determination of volatile and semi-volatile aromatic hydrocarbons in virgin olive oil by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1090, 2005, 146-154.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 0 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramirez, M.R.; Estevez, M.; Morcuende, D.; Cava, R., Effect of the type of frying culinary fat on volatile compounds isolated in fried pork loin chops by using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 7637-7643.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1127.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Fingas, M., Differentiation of the source of spilled oil and monitoring of the oil weathering process using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 712, 1995, 321-343.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1422 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=> 4C/min =>75C =>8C/min =>250C; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Simultaneous determination of volatile and semi-volatile aromatic hydrocarbons in virgin olive oil by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1090, 2005, 146-154.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1416 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 527537; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cornwell, E.

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