1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene C9H12 structure

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor

C9H12 structure
Molecular Formula C9H12
Average mass 120.192 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 176.8±20.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 53.1±7.3 °C
Molar Refractivity 40.7±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 16.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 28.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 138.3±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Predicted – Mcule
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -25 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      -25 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 13535, 13536, 14912
      -25.4 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 19697
      -25 °C Matrix Scientific
      -25 °C Matrix Scientific 098903
      -25 °C LabNetwork LN00202594
      -25.4 °C FooDB FDB005814
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      349 F (176.1111 °C)
      NIOSH DC3300000
      175 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      175-176 °C Matrix Scientific
      175-176 °C Matrix Scientific 098903
      175-176 °C LabNetwork LN00202594
    • Experimental Ionization Potent:

      8.48 Ev NIOSH DC3300000
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      48 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      119 °C LabNetwork LN00202594
    • Experimental Freezing Point:

      -14 F (-25.5556 °C)
      NIOSH DC3300000
    • Experimental Gravity:

      0.894 g/mL Matrix Scientific 098903
    • Experimental Solubility:

      -3.20 Egon Willighagen http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ci050282s
      Low NIOSH DC3300000
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Clear, colorless liquid with a distinctive, aromatic odor. NIOSH DC3300000
      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 5000 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      GHS02; GHS07 Biosynth W-105806
      H226; H315; H319; H335 Biosynth W-105806
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 098903
      P261; P305+P351+P338 Biosynth W-105806
      Safety glasses, adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Biosynth W-105806
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate immediately Skin: Soap wash Breathing: Respiratory support Swallow: Medical attention immediately NIOSH DC3300000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact NIOSH DC3300000
    • Symptoms:

      Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat, respiratory system; bronchitis; hypochromic anemia; headache, drowsiness, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), dizziness, nausea, incoordination; vomiting, confusion;
      chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid) NIOSH DC3300000
    • Target Organs:

      Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, blood NIOSH DC3300000
    • Incompatibility:

      Oxidizers, nitric acid NIOSH DC3300000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Prevent skin contact Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: When contaminated Remove: When wet or contaminated Change: No recommendation NIOSH DC3300000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : TWA 25 ppm (125 mg/m 3 ) OSHA PEL ?: none NIOSH DC3300000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1020 (estimated with error: 55) NIST Spectra mainlib_125395, replib_249669, replib_64046, replib_228017
      1001.05 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: HP-101; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 51, 2000, s108-s120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1015.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhu, X.; Zhang, L.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Che, X., The application quantitative structure-retention relationship of GC to aid MS qualitative analysis, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 17(4), 1999, 351-353.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006.85 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: CP Sil 2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 403-412.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1010 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40 C for 12 min; -40 – 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 – 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 639, 1993, 239-253., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 91, 1974, 633-648., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 85 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, St.; Papazova, D.; Dimov, N., Retention Indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on glass and metal capillary columns with stationary phase OV-101, Jahrb. Chem. Tech. Hochschule Burgas, 18, 1983, 143-148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1001 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1002 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1014 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1014.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. I. General exposition and application of the retention index concept, J. Chromatogr., 520, 1990, 3-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1021.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. I. General exposition and application of the retention index concept, J. Chromatogr., 520, 1990, 3-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1016 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Papazova, D.I.; Pankova, M.C., Identification of individual aromatic hydrocarbons in kerosene fraction (b.p. 150-250 ), J. Chromatogr., 105, 1975, 411-414., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matisova, E.; Kovacicova, E.; Ha, P.T.; Kolek, E.; Engewald, W., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. II. Retention indices on OV-101 columns and retention-molecular structure correlations, J. Chromatogr., 475, 1989, 113-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 278 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matisova, E.; Rukriglova, M.; Krupcik, J.; Kovacicova, E.; Holotik, S., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. I. OV-101 as stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 455, 1988, 301-309., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Mekenyan, Ov., Quantitative Relationships Between the Structure of Alkylbenzenes and Their Gas Chromatographic Retention on Stationary Phasses with Different Polarity, J. Chromatogr., 471, 1989, 227-236., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 85 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, St.; Papazova, D.; Dimov, N., Retention Indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on glass and metal capillary columns with stationary phase OV-101, Jahrb. Chem. Tech. Hochschule Burgas, 18, 1983, 143-148., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 37, 1982, 110-116.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1013 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L., Molekulstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. VIII. Zum Retentionsverhalten hoherer Alkylbenzole bei der Gas-Verteilungs-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 9(11), 1976, 540-547., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Substrate: Silanized white support (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hongwei, Z.; Zhide, H., Utilization of total solubility parameter for calculating retention indices of alkylbenzenes, Chromatographia, 33(11/12), 1992, 575-580., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 85 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, St.; Papazova, D.; Dimov, N., Retention Indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on glass and metal capillary columns with stationary phase OV-101, Jahrb. Chem. Tech. Hochschule Burgas, 18, 1983, 143-148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1017 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., Relationship between the gas chromatographic behaviour and the molecular structure of hydrocarbon samples and various stationary phases. Part II. Correlation between the retention index, physicochemical properties and molecular structure, Chromatographia, 13(2), 1980, 93-100., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 85 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Boneva, St.; Papazova, D.; Dimov, N., Retention Indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on glass and metal capillary columns with stationary phase OV-101, Jahrb. Chem. Tech. Hochschule Burgas, 18, 1983, 143-148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1000 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.259 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      999.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.264 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Toth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 279, 1983, 157-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1009 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 96 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kugucheva, E.E.; Mashinsky, V.I., Retention Indices of Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Capillary Columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus), 38(11), 1983, 2023-2026., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1029 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 5, 1982, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 37, 1982, 110-116.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1031 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 37, 1982, 110-116.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1004 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1015.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1031.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1033 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chrom W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 99, 1974, 215-230.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1005.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 65 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 677-689.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1035.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Perez-Parajon, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takacs, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 1048, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1043.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Perez-Parajon, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takacs, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 1048, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1034 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Buchin, S.; Salmon, J.-C.; Carnat, A.-P.; Berger, T.; Bugaud, C.; Bosset, J.O., Identification de composes monoterpeniques, sesquiterpeniques et benzeniques dans un lait d’alpage tres riche en ces substances, Mitt. Lebensmittelunters. Hyg., 93, 2002, 199-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1020.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Fingas, M.; Li, K., Fractionation of a light crude oil and identification and quantitation of aliphatic, aromatic, and biomarker comopunds by GC-FID and GC-MS, Part II, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 32, 1994, 367-382.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1012 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 106 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kugucheva, E.E.; Mashinsky, V.I., Retention Indices of Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Capillary Columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus), 38(11), 1983, 2023-2026., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Vasiliev, E.E.E., Correlation dependencies of GC retention indices from physical chemical properties and structures of aromatic hydrocarbons, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 30, 1987, 72-75., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 12 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 12 min; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 659-662.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1007.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Macak, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 234, 1982, 285-302., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Bur’yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 33(7), 1978, 1108-1113, In original 1416-1422., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., The use of retention indices for identifying the components of crude benzene, Solid Fuel Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 13(3), 1979, 82-87, In original 90-96.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1010.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 96 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Macak, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 234, 1982, 285-302., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 96 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Bur’yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 33(7), 1978, 1108-1113, In original 1416-1422.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1007.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., The use of retention indices for identifying the components of crude benzene, Solid Fuel Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 13(3), 1979, 82-87, In original 90-96.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1004.31 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Rijks, J.A., Capillary gas chromatography of alkylbenzenes. I. Some problems encountered with the precision of the retention indcies of alkylbenzenes, J. Chromatogr., 119, 1976, 505-521.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1011.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 677-689.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1007 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1018 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 526738; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices,

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