z-Test 2 Carbs Flashcard

Cortisol
Source: Adrenal Cortex
Increases gluconeogenesis
Increases plasma glucose
Epinephrine (Adrenaline)
Source: Adrenal Medulla
Increase glycogenolysis
Increase plamsa glucose
Thyroxine (T4)
Source: Thyroid
Increase glycogenolysis
Increase plasma glucose
Glucose
Hyperglycemia: >140mg/dL
Hypoglycemia: <50mg/dL
Hyperglycemia usually indicates pt. has Diabetes Mellitus

Hypoglycemia is usually caused by the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Falsely decrease plasma glucose
Asorbic acid
Catechol
Cysteine
Glutathione
acetyl salicylate
Tetracycline
Lavender top tube with EDTA and NaF
EDTA: anticoagulant
NaF: preservative
Hypoglycemia Causes
Diet:
Malnutrition
Malabsorption
Hyperinsulinemia: insulinoma (cancer)
Rapid decreases: associated with adrenergic symptoms
Gradual decreases: associated with neuroglycopenia
Glycolysis
breakdown of glucose
Glycogenolysis
breakdown of glycogen
Gluconeogensis
formation of glucose
Glyconeogensis
formation of glycogen
Insulin
Source: Pancreas
Increase entry of glucose into the cell
Increase glycolysis
Increase glycogenesis
Decrease plasma glucose
Glucagon
Source: Pancreas
Increase glycogenolysis
Increase gluconeogenesis
Somatostatin
Source: Pancreas and Hypothalamus
Helps balance insulin and glucagon
Transamination
Converts a.a. to metabolites in the liver
Deamination
Degradation of a.a. in the kidneys

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