YOGA STUDY GUIDE

Mantras
Mantras
sounds and words

Mudras
Mudras
yoga for hands

chakras
chakras
wheel or disc/ there are 7 major energy vortices known
as

pranayama
pranayama
Is the practice whereby life energy is expanded through the regulation and control of breath

ujjayi pranayama
victorious breathing or breath of victory

yoga breathing techniques
ujjayi breathing, cooling breath, breath of fire, alternate nostril breathing

Asana
Asana
art of body posture (seating)

Surya Namaskar
Surya Namaskar
sun salutation and classic “flow” sequence in yoga

bandhas
bandhas
refer to inner locks

dristis
“gaze” points (tip of the nose, third eye)

Vinyasa
Vinyasa
breath synchronized motion or flow yoga

Dhyana
Dhyana
practice of meditation

Archeological evidence
Archeological evidence
the practice is at least 5 thousand years old

Styles of yoga
Styles of yoga
Iyengar, Ashtanga, kundalini, Vinyasa, Power Yoga, Bikram

Hatha
Hatha
Is a compound word
“HA” means sun “THA” means moon
This refers to male&female, day & night, light&dark, positive & negative, yin&yang etc….

Yoga
Yoga
Mean to unite.
Refers to the union between the individual and something greater.
To prepare the body for Savasana.

Benefits of exercise and Yoga
calm mind, bust endorphins , improve sleep and concentration, fight depression

Twisting Asanas
benefits the digestion

forward folding postures
benefit the internal organs and the spine, they are calming

Inverted postures
Inverted postures
benefits the inmune system, stimulates the pineal & pituitary gland, alleviate tension and rejuvenates the mind/brain

Yoga Asana includes
Downward facing dog, child pose, Garland pose, Triangle pose, Warrior pose, Half Moon Pose, Forward fall, solar cross position, Pigeon Pose

6 Basic Elements of Yoga
Posture, Breathing, Relaxation, Meditation, Diet; and A Life of Right Action