Writing Equations Flashcard

mono
1
di
2
tri
3
tetra
4
penta
5
hexa
6
hepta
7
octa
8
octa
8
nona
9
deca
10
Di-atomic molecules
H2 N2 O2 F2 Cl2 Br2 I2
sulfate
SO4
Phosphate
PO4
nitrate
NO3
hydroxide
OH
limiting reactant
reactant that runs out first & limits how much product you can make
reactant
substances that undergo a change
product
new substances formed during reaction
combustion
always produces CO+ H20
synthesis
two substances combine to for one product
Mg + 02 -> Mg0
decomposition
one reactant breaks into two or more pieces
caC0->CaO + C0
single replacement
one element replaces element in a compouNd
A +XY -> AY + X
double replacement
two atoms in two compounds switch place
AB + XY -> AY +XB
law of conservation of matter
matter is not created or destroyed; rearranged
essential step in any stoichemetry problem?
wanted/given
how does a decomposition reaction differ from synthesis reaction?
their opposite
how are single replacement and double replacement different?
SR= Compound + Compound
DR= Compound + Element
how do you go from grams to moles?
grams/MW
how do you go from moles to grams?
moles*MW
how do you get from grams to liters?
grams * 22.4
how do you get from liters to grams
liters/22.4

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