World History Islam Study Guide

Sheik
Cheif of Arabian Tribe
Allah
a god
Hijra
a.k.a- A migration event when Muhammad fled to Medemma and out of Mecca
Polygamy
Karan allows men to have up to 4 wives as long as they are treated equally
Caliph
Muhammad’s successors
– spread Islam and Arab rule throughout the middle east
Arabesque
art style used because it was unlawful to depict animals and humans as muslim art
Qur’an
Muslim holy book
– Recorded in Aerebic
– Written by followers
Ramadam
Month of fasting
– When Muhammad received the Karan
Jihad
Defenders of Islam who are martyred go straight to heaven
Moors
Muslim people who conquered Spain, fought in battle at Tours against the Franks
Islam
“Submission to God”
Ka’aba
A building with many deities
– Located in Mecca
– Holy place of Islam
Mosque
Muslim Church
Sunnis
Conservative, Believed only the Karan
– Largest group (90%)
Shi’ites
Believed in Karan and in potential revelation
– Smaller group
– Main group in Iran
Muslim
Believers of Islam
Dhimmis
A.K.A- people of the books (Christians and Jews)
Imam
Religious leaders
Harem
Mainly wives and children
– Gaured by enuchs
– Harmed running of Government
Visier
Prime ministers
– Assisted the caliphate
1001 Nights
most famous literature of arabs
Bedouins
Lived in the arabian penninsula
– organized into tribes ruled by sheiks
Sharia
“Sacred Law” based on Karan
Umma
3 Main Capitols of Muslim Community:
– Cordobe- in Spain
– Carra- in Egypt
– Baghdad- in Iraq
Arabic
World language because muslims wanted to read the Karan
Sanskrit
historical indo-aryan language
– primary language of Hinduism/Buddhism
Sati
Religious funeral practice among some hindu communities
Jainism
Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings
– aka. Shraman Dharma
Mahabharata
one of the two major sanskrit epics of ancient India
Muhammad –
Born in Mecca in 570 AD
– Belief in one god
Abu Bakr
Muhammad’s successors, or caliph
– spread Islam and Arab rule throughout the Middle East
The first to do so
Abbas
Muhammad’s Uncle
Gabriel
Told Muhammad to preach and gave Muhammad a revelation
Guptas
Family that ruled India during the golden age
Charles Martel
Leader of the Christian Frank in the battle where they win
Avicenna
Polymath of Persian origin and the physician and philosopher of his time
Chingis Khan
Leader of the Mongol Empire
Ottoman Turks
Defeated the Mongols and ended the Abbasid dynasty
Mohandas Ghandi
Pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during Indian Independence Movement