World History Islam Study Guide

Sheik
Cheif of Arabian Tribe

Allah
a god

Hijra
a.k.a- A migration event when Muhammad fled to Medemma and out of Mecca

Polygamy
Karan allows men to have up to 4 wives as long as they are treated equally

Caliph
Muhammad’s successors
– spread Islam and Arab rule throughout the middle east

Arabesque
art style used because it was unlawful to depict animals and humans as muslim art

Qur’an
Muslim holy book
– Recorded in Aerebic
– Written by followers

Ramadam
Month of fasting
– When Muhammad received the Karan

Jihad
Defenders of Islam who are martyred go straight to heaven

Moors
Muslim people who conquered Spain, fought in battle at Tours against the Franks

Islam
“Submission to God”

Ka’aba
A building with many deities
– Located in Mecca
– Holy place of Islam

Mosque
Muslim Church

Sunnis
Conservative, Believed only the Karan
– Largest group (90%)

Shi’ites
Believed in Karan and in potential revelation
– Smaller group
– Main group in Iran

Muslim
Believers of Islam

Dhimmis
A.K.A- people of the books (Christians and Jews)

Imam
Religious leaders

Harem
Mainly wives and children
– Gaured by enuchs
– Harmed running of Government

Visier
Prime ministers
– Assisted the caliphate

1001 Nights
most famous literature of arabs

Bedouins
Lived in the arabian penninsula
– organized into tribes ruled by sheiks

Sharia
“Sacred Law” based on Karan

Umma
3 Main Capitols of Muslim Community:
– Cordobe- in Spain
– Carra- in Egypt
– Baghdad- in Iraq

Arabic
World language because muslims wanted to read the Karan

Sanskrit
historical indo-aryan language
– primary language of Hinduism/Buddhism

Sati
Religious funeral practice among some hindu communities

Jainism
Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings
– aka. Shraman Dharma

Mahabharata
one of the two major sanskrit epics of ancient India

Muhammad –
Born in Mecca in 570 AD
– Belief in one god

Abu Bakr
Muhammad’s successors, or caliph
– spread Islam and Arab rule throughout the Middle East
The first to do so

Abbas
Muhammad’s Uncle

Gabriel
Told Muhammad to preach and gave Muhammad a revelation

Guptas
Family that ruled India during the golden age

Charles Martel
Leader of the Christian Frank in the battle where they win

Avicenna
Polymath of Persian origin and the physician and philosopher of his time

Chingis Khan
Leader of the Mongol Empire

Ottoman Turks
Defeated the Mongols and ended the Abbasid dynasty

Mohandas Ghandi
Pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during Indian Independence Movement