World History Chapter 14 Study Guide

Phillip Augustus
King of France

King Canute
King of Denmark

King Edward
Hammer of the Scots, was king of England from 1272 to 1307.

William the Conqueror
Was the first Norman King of England

Geoffrey Chaucer
known as the Father of English literature, is considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to be buried in Poets’ Corner of Westminster Abbey.

Thomas Aquinas
A religious scholar, mixes greek and Christian thought.

King Henry II
King of England, he was before King Richard the Lion Hearted.

King Richard the Lion Hearted
King of England from July 1189 till his death 1199.

King John
King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. After King Henry II.

Reconquista
Tried to drive muslims out of Spain, which worked

Edward I
Was known as the Hammer of Scots. King of England from 1272 to 1307

Edward II
Was the King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.

Hugh Capet
Was the first King of the Franks

Saladin Phillip II
He makes an agreement with Richard, in the third Crusade.

Muslim Influence
The movement in people + goods

Louis IX
Was the Capetian of France.

Phillip IV
King of France

Magna Carta
Was one of the most famous documents in the world. Also, it guaranteed the people to have certain rights, and bound the king to specific laws.

Parliament
The highest legislature.

Lady Aquitaine
One of the most richest and powerful female rulers.

Bubonic Plague
Was called the black death, and it is a disease on your body that could kill you.

Joan of Arc
A peasant girl that lived in medieval France.

100 Years War
It was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453. It was between rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, rulers of the Kingdom of France, for control of the latter kingdom.

Inquisition
Was a court to suppress Hersey.

First Crusade
The crusaders capture Jerusalem, divided it into 4 states.

Second Crusade
The muslims took back a deca, fails to retake it.

Third Crusade
-Philip I leaves
-Frederick drowns.
-Richard and Saladin make an agreement.
-Saladin keeps Jerusalem, and christian pilgrims are allowed to visit city.

Fourth Crusade
The crusaders loot Constantinople.

Children’s Crusade
More than 1,000 children left there home. The only weapon they had was that God will protect protect them and five them Jerusalem, but most of the kids drowned and died.

Great Schism
Was when they divided up the church.

Advancements in Agriculture
The three field system, plows(horses), changes in climate got warmer.

Causes and Effects of the Crusades
Cause:
The Crusades were an attempt by the Catholic church to re-gain control, authority, and power over provinces in the Middle-East. Pilgrims were denied the right to visit the holy lands by the Muslims and Kingdom of Christendom. They wanted to free Eastern Christians from islamic rule.

Effect:
The Crusades allowed Arabian medical practices and architectural knowledge to be transferred to the West. Conquered towns helped to provide extra income for the treasure from furs, ivory, and spices.

Financial Revolution
Raises money for they goods

Church Reformation
In 1534 is when they investigated indulgences

Simony
The buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges. For example, pardons or benefices.

Lay investiture
Kings appoint church officials.

Papacy
The office or authority of the Pope.

Secular
(of clergy) not subject or bound to religious rule. Not living in a monastic life.

Saladin
Muslim leader, takes control over Jerusalem.

Romanesque Cathedrals
The beautiful cathedrals with thick walls, small windows of clear glass, and they are tall towers.

Gothic Cathedrals
It is the high pointed arches and spires, buttresses, gargoyles, and large stained glass windows.

Changes to France
Expanding

Changes to England
introduces some advancements to the french culture