A feature of the environment that is detected by an organism or that leads to a change in behavior.
An observable reaction to a stimulus.
A type of learning that involves stimulus-response connections, in which the response in conditional on the stimulus.
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to elicit an unconditioned response when that neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with a stimulus that normally causes an unconditioned response.
In classical conditioning, an unlearned response.
A learned response to a previously neutral stimulus.
A previously neutral stimulus that, because of pairing with an unconditioned stimulus, now causes a conditioned response.
A type of classical conditioning in which a previously desirable or neutral food comes to be perceived as repugnant because it is associated with negative stimulation.
In classical conditioning, the disappearance of a conditioned response when an unconditioned stimulus no longer follows a conditioned stimulus.
The reappearance of an extinguished conditioned response after some time has passed.
The tendency to respond in the same way to stimuli that have similar characteristics.
In classical conditioning, the ability to distinguish the conditioned stimulus from other stimuli that are similar.
A type of counterconditioning, used to treat phobias, in which a pleasant, relaxed state is associated with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli.
A therapy procedure based on classical conditioning that replaces a negative response to a stimulus with a positive response.
Learning that is strengthened when behavior is followed by positive reinforcement.
A stimulus or event that follows a response and increases the frequency of that response.
Stimuli, such as food or warmth, that have reinforcement value without learning.
Stimuli that increase the probability of a response because of their association with a primary reinforcer.
Encouraging stimuli that increase the frequency of a behavior when they are presented.
An unpleasant stimulus that increases the frequency of behavior when it is removed.
Schedule of Reinforcement
A timetable for when and how often reinforcement for a particular behavior occurs.
The reinforcement of a desired response every time it occurs.
A type of conditioned learning in which only some of the responses are reinforced.
In operant conditioning, a procedure in which reinforcement guides behavior toward closer approximations of the desired goal.
Learning that occurs but remains hidden until there is a need to use it.
Learning by observing and imitating the behavior of others.
In classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits an unlearned, naturally occurring response.
Researcher most closely associated with the study of Classical Conditioning
Research most closely associated with the study of Operant Conditioning
Researcher who demonstrated classical conditioning in his infamous Little Albert Experiment
Little Albert Experiment
Experiment conducted by John Watson that demonstrated classical conditioning.
Research most closely associated with the study of Observational Learning and the Bobo Doll Experiment.
Bobo Doll Experiment
Experiment which demonstrated that children exposed to aggressive behaviors by adult models tended to exhibit those aggressive behaviors themselves.