Why did the Nazi Party grow up to 1929
The Nazi party (NSDAP) were first awarded part of the national vote in May 1924 and although losing votes proportionally each election until 1930, they did stay alive and in the Reichstag despite having lee than half the votes they had when they had entered in 1924. This fall in percentage was from 6. 5% to 2. 6% of the national vote. The main reasons for this survival were the quality of the organisation that the Nazi party had, the Nazi strategies as well as other small publicity claims that they involved themselves in.
Mostly this was instigated through the role that Hitler himself played in the Nazi party. Hitler’s role in the growth of the Nazi party can be demonstrated massively by his reorganisation of the party. This was instigated after Hitler had been released from prison for treason after his role in the failed Munich Putsch of 1924. He did this by introducing the Fuhrerprinzip which gave himself supreme power over policy and strategy for the party. A good example of this can be shown in the 25 points made by Hitler in order to structure and organise the party in common goals.
Further examples of Hitler’s structuring can be seen
Furthermore, it gave the party a sense of unity meaning that there were less likely to be party splits in opinion, allowing the party to grow and to not suffer from divisions amongst members. Another aspect of the organisation instilled by Hitler can be shown in the regional deployment of the party. The party was organised into a series of Gaue (districts), headed by a local Gauleiter (leader) appointed by Hitler himself. This meant the party could modify itself to every different district to help apply to as many different types of people as possible.
In addition to this, the Nazis also built up a series of associated organisations for young people, women, lawyers and factory workers in order to attract them to the party. This massively helped the party keep support throughout the late 1920s because of their tailored appeal to different sections of society through their organisation instilled by Hitler. This organisation filtered down into the strategies that the Nazi party used in order to keep support alive. The Nazi party used strategies such as propaganda through speech and visual advertising, and violence of the SA in order to keep support.
The Nazi party put a massive amount of effort into training speakers by having training schools and individually providing every speaker with booklets on policies and propaganda techniques. Moreover, the Nazis used the latest technology at their speeches in order to help attract and appeal to crowds of people. This included using things like loudspeakers, slide shows, films and even planes in their speeches and rallies. Hitler himself was mostly responsible for the setting up of this system and even employed his own ‘organisation chief’ in the party in order to help run these strategies once set up by Hitler himself.
Combined with the speaking of the party, the propaganda was well tailored to massive sections of society in terms of visual advertisement. This can be seen in Nazi leaflets at the time applying to German farmers, German traders, German mothers and German young people. In addition, because this was combined with the organisation of the party, much of this visual advertisement was subject to different areas of Germany where the majority of people in the area would be the type of people that the Nazi people were applying to.
For example, putting German farmer posters in the countryside. This form of propaganda was very effective because it was empathising with different sections of society and combined with the vocal power of the party, there was a large appeal to the NSDAP. In addition, the creation of the SA by Hitler allowed for the distribution of propaganda leaflets, the protection of speakers and the mass appeal to the public. This can be shown through the use of uniforms for all members and the physical violence shown trying to drive the Communists from the streets.
This was all helpful to the Nazi campaign because it was publicity for the Nazi party and it was stemming from the central rallying figure that gave various groups within the party cohesion and attracted wider support. Publicity for the Nazi party was also key to helping them to survive in these years and to eventually grow. Most of the examples of this publicity were based around Hitler himself. For example, although it meant the imprisonment of Hitler, the Munich Putsch was a way of putting the Nazi party on the political map.
In addition, the resistance that Hitler showed in his trial gave the party further publicity. The writing of ‘Mein Kampf’ whilst Hitler was in prison gave the part further publicity. In addition, the party was able to call itself a movement in order to distinguish itself from other parties. Although these are all very small things, combined they were effective in conveying the message of the Nazi party and getting the party into the public eye. The small publicity of the Nazi party can also be displayed in the use of local propaganda.
This included private and personal meetings with key individuals in a local community. For example, personally tailoring the campaigning to teachers or butchers in the hope that they might spread a message in a local community. Although we can see this is very small scale, it is representative of marginal gain that the Nazi party used in order to increase publicity bit by bit in order to keep interest alive for the party. Overall, the role of Hitler was absolutely vital to the growth and survival of the Nazi party to 1929 through his effective organisation and strategising of the NSDAP.
This is combined with the fact that the Nazi party had been gaining in small publicity through events like the Munich Putsch which were putting them on the political map. This placement on the map combined with the tailoring of propaganda was absolutely vital to the survival of the party as it meant that more and more people had heard of the party, which allowed for some momentum to be built in terms of any local success spreading. All of these things, if not entirely down to Hitler personally, were certainly instigated by and involved Hitler at some level.