Vocab 2

Abraham
This individual who is famous in both Christianity and Judaism, is widely considered the father of the Jews.

Buddah
This individual is considered “the enlightened one” by those who practice Buddhism

Buddhism
Their followers study the four noble truths and the noble Eight-fold Path.

Caste System
This is another name for a society class hierarchy

Confucianism
This is an ancient Chinese ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of an early Chinese philosopher in the 5th century B.C. It focuses human morality and good deeds.

Eight-fold Path
These are the principle teachings of the Buddha, saying, among other things that people should practice Right Speech, Right Actions, Right Effort, and other essentials to achieve enlightenment.

Filial Piety
This term refers to the Confucian practice of honoring and responding ones parents ancestors.

Five Classics
This refers to the ancient Chinese books that make up the basis of study of Confucianism.

Four Noble Truths
These are the foundational principals of Buddhism, in which it is acknowledged that, among other things, there will always be suffering, which is caused from human desires

Hebrew
This is the name for the ancient civilization- and people- that lived in the land of Canaan. They are the ancestors of the Israelites and formed there own early language, still in use today

Judaism
This is the oldest monotheistic religion and is based on the Hebrew bible

Mandate of Heaven
This was the belief that Chinese dynasty’s ruled or lost power based on how pleased or displeased the gods were with their abilities and actions

Monotheism
This is the belief is only one god

Moses
To individual is considered to be perhaps the most important prophets by Jews, but is also revered by Christians and Muslims

Phoenicians
This is an ancient group of people centered around the Mediterranean, and known for their seafaring skills and establishment of an alphabet

Ten Commandments
These were rules revealed by Moses that serve as basic tenets of faith for Judaism and Christianity

Torah
This is the name given to he sacred text of Judaism

Vedas
The Vedas is the primary text of Hinduism written in 1500 B.C. The word Veda in Sanskrit “knowledge”. It holds hymns, rituals and prayers

Analects
This is the name given to the collection of sayings and quotations made by the Chinese philosopher Confucius, though it was compiled after his death

Vishnu
One of three major gods in Hinduism. Brahma, the creator of the universe, Shiva the destroyer of the universe, and Vishnu who is in charge of restoring balance between good and evil

Ashoka
He ruled the Mauryan Empire from 273 to 232 BCE, during which he converted to from Hinduism to Buddhism and reannounced war

Effect
A result

Infer
Conclude by reasoning, to find out by reasoning; to arrive at the conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply.

Metaphor
A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity, comparison not using like or as.

Simile
A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different of different kinds. Comparison using like or as.

Perspective
A point of view, a way of regarding situations or topics

Interpret
Make sense of, to explain the meaning of, to make sense

Evaluate
Examine and judge carefully

Feasible
possible, able to be done

Precede
Come before

Simutaniously
Happening or existing at the same time

AMO
To love

COGITO
To think

DO
To give

LAUDO
To praise

SALVE
To be Well/Geeting

SERVO
To preserve

TERRO
To frighten

VALEO
To be strong

VIDEO
To see

VOCO
To summon