 the study of matter and the changes that it undergos


 anything that has mass and takes up space


 a measurement that reflects the amount of matter the amount of matter that an object possesses


 a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object


 a systematic approach used in scientific study


 information that describes color, odor, shape, or some other physical characteristic data that describes the physical properties


 data that can be measured; examples include SI unitsmeasurement, accuracy, and percision.


 a tentative explanation for what has been observed, is followed by an experiment to find out why this happened


 a set of controlled observations that test the hypothesis


 the variable that you plan to change


 the variable whose amount changes in response to a change in the independent variable


 a standard for comparison it is usually set at 0 or is completely unchanged, something that would be found in nature


 a judgement based on the information obtained in the experiment, states whether hypothesis was correct or not


 a visual, verbal, and/or mathematical explanation of experimental data


 an explanation that has been supported by many, many experiments


 a relationship in nature that is supported by many experiments but there is no explanation for why it happens


 units that are used in every country except for U.S.A.


 a defined unit in a system of measurement that is based on an object or event in the physical world


 the SI unit for length, it is measured with a yard stick


 the SI unit for mass, it is measured with a scale or triplebeam


 a unit that is defined by a combination of base units ex: density=mass(g)/volume(l)


 the SI unit for volume, is measured with water displacement for irregular shapes and geometry for regular shapes


 the ration of mass to volume in an object; the SI unit is g/cm3 (grams over cubic centimer); the gram represents volume and the cubic cintimeter represents mass


 the SI unit for temperature; add 273 to convert Celcius to Kelvin and subtract 273 to convert K to C measured with a thermometer


 writing a number so that it has only a tens place digitwise and will be multiplied to 10 with a power ex1; 12300×10(3)=12.3 *3 is not being multiplied, it is used as an exponent ex2; 9.2561327×10(4)=92561.327


 a ratio of equivalent values used to express the same quantity in different units changing kg to ml but not kg to l ex; 203kg=203000g


 a method of problem solving that focuses on the units used to describe matter to convert celcius to kelvin you focus on the relationship between the units


 how close a series of measured values are to to an accepted value or the true value


 how close a series of measurements are to one another


 the ratio of an error to an accepted value the equation used to find this is percent error=(error/acceptedvalue) multiplied by 100


 the amount you have measured plus an extra digit ex; if measured 2.3 and 2.4 and 2.2, you may actually have gotten 2.35 and 2.48 and 2.21 and the number of significant figures in the measures are all 3 the rules: (orange are significant) 1. non zero #s are always significant 72.3 2. zeros between numbers are always significant 60.5 3. all final zeros to the right of a decimal place are significant 6.20 4. zeros that act as a placeholder are not significant 0.0253 & 4320

