US History Essay Questions

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Compare and contrast the experiences of the French, Spanish and English in colonizing the New World. How did their differing methods of exploring and colonizing affect those colonial experiences?
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he Spanish were the first to set up colonies.The Spaniards were ruthless and killed many Native Americans,eventually they wiped out the Mayans and built a city over the Mayan city of Tenochtitlán.The city that they created was called Mexico city.The spaniards started colonization in 1492 several years before the other European countries.Their methods of colonization was harsh,the basically imposed their will and said that their cultures was the only culture to be used by the Native Americans. The French came after,than Britain was last with the Jamestown colony.All their methods consisted of replacing Native American culture and religion.
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Compare and contrast England’s colonies of the Chesapeake region with its colonies in Massachusetts. What were their similarities and differences?
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A similarity between both settlements is the hopeful realization intrinsic to them. One of the primary similarities between the English founding of colonies in both the Chesapeake and those at Massachusetts Bay represents a belief that happiness lies outside of one’s established home. Both settlements represent an attempt to expand horizons and boundaries. Both featured much in way of suffering and pain in the accomplishment of such a vision. For example, both voyages to the New World were extremely trying. Many died on the respective voyages and sacrificed a great deal. Yet, this only underscores how important the founding of both sets of colonies were to the settlers who embraced such hardship. They did not relent in their pursuit of happiness in another setting, and this reality binds them both. One of the distinct differences between both sets of colonial settlements was their primary reason for being founded. The Massachusetts Bay colonies were primarily founded for religious freedom. For example, the Pilgrims settle Plymouth Bay because of their pursuit of religious expression. Edward Winslow and William Bradford write the document entitled, A Relation or Journal of the Beginning and Proceedings of the English Plantation Settled at Plimoth in New England or Mourt’s Relation. The purpose of this document is to explore the religious leanings of the settlement and publicize it in the hopes of more migration. This is in stark contrast to the settlement of the Chesapeake Colonies, which focused on primarily on economic wealth. For example, Jamestown in Virginia was founded on a charter from the Virginia Company of London. It is founded for the growth of business and economic wealth. Gold, silver, and other resources were the primary focus of discovery in Jamestown. Once tobacco was discovered, this became the cash crop of the region and provided the ability to generate wealth and develop the accumulation of material goods from the region. Both colonial discoveries were driven by a dream to establish a new life away from England. The sacrifice in the form of suffering and death that took place on the voyage over to the New World and in the initial start up of life in both serve as testament to this reality. This binds both settlements as representative of the possibility of what can be that lies at the heart of all colonization. The reason and motivation for founding becomes where this vision of conditionality and promise reflects divergence.
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What was mercantilism, how was it implemented and how did it shape the economic and political relationship between England and its colonies?
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Discuss the origins and major events of the Seven Years’ War. What effects did the conflict have on the American colonies?
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