Upper Resp Tract

Term Definition
Pharyngitis signs + symptoms inflammation of throat, reddened mucosa, swollen tonsils, white packets on throat
White packets on the throat are also called… streptococcal disease
Streptococcus pyogenes causes… Pharyngitis, scarlet fever, toxic shock syndrome, Necrotizing fasciitis, meningitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, otitis media
Streptococcus pyogenes is gram ______, and forms _____. Positive; chains
Streptococcus pyogenes characteristics… Forms capsulesFacultative anaerobe
Scarlet fever signs + symptoms sandpaper like rash, high fever
Scarlet fever affects this age group school-age children
Toxic shock syndrome is caused by ______ use. Tampon
The transmission of streptococcus pyogenes is… Carried as "normal biota"respiratory droplets direct contact
What test is used for strept pyogenes? Rapid diagnostic tests
How does the test for strept pyogenes work? pharyngeal swab specimens; use antibodies to detect group A streptococci
What is an issue with the test for strept pyogenes high rate of false-negative
What is the prevention and treatment for strep pyogenes? AntibioticsNo vaccineHand washing
Rhinitis is known as the… Common cold
Causative agent of rhinitis… over 200 different viruses INCLUDING Rhinoviruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Transmission of rhinitis… indirect contact, droplet contact
Symptoms of rhinitis… sneezing and runny nose, scratchy throat, low fever in kids
Sinusitis causative agents… various viruses, various bacteria, various fungi
Sinusitis treatment broad-spectrum antibiotics for bacterial infection
Acute Otitis Media is when _____ enters the _______. bacteria; middle ear
Acute Otitis Media causes….. inflammation and effusion
Causative agent for Acute Otitis Media… viruses and bacteria: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae
Prevention for Acute Otitis Media… Vaccine: HIB and Prevnar
Treatment for Acute Otitis Media… "watchful waiting,” antibiotics, tympanic membrane tubes
Causative agent for Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheriae
The causative agent for Diphtheria causes…. Croup like cough
Transmission for Diphtheria…. droplet contact, direct contact
Virulence factor for diphtheria…. diphtheria exotoxin
The virulence factor for diptheria produces ________, and may ______. Produces membrane in throat, May block airway
Diphtheria prevention…. diphtheria toxoid vaccine (DTaP)
Diphtheria treatment Antibiotics

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