Unwed Mothers and Illegitimate Children Essay
UNWED MOTHERS AND ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN I. Unwed Mothers Defined Mothers not married at the time their children are born. Such births are termed illegitimate births II. IRR of RA 9710 ( Implementing Rules and Regulation of RA9710 Magna Carta for women (MCW) Section 13. Equal access must be given to unmarried women in academic setting “Expulsion and non-readmission of women faculty due to pregnancy outside of marriage shall be outlawed. No school shall turn out or refuse admission of a female student solely on the account of her having contracted pregnancy outside of marriage during her term in school. III. Illegitimate Children Defined Children conceived and born out of a valid marriage, unless otherwise provided in the Family Code (art 16, FC). IV. List of Illegitimate Children •Children born to couples who are not legally married or of common-law marriages; •Children born of incestuous marriages; •Children born of bigamous marriages; •Children born of adulterous relations between parents; •Children born of marriages void for reason of public policy under Art. 8 of the Family Code; •Children born of couples below 18, whether they are married (which married is void) or not; and, •Children born of other void marriages under Art. 15 unless otherwise provided. V. Republic Act 9255: “An act allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father” Article 176 of the Family CodeRepublic Act No. 9255 Illegitimate children shall use the surname and shall be under the parental authority of their mother, and shall be entitled to support in conformity with this Code.
The legitime of each illegitimate child shall consist of one-half of the legitime of a legitimate child. SECTION 1. Article 176 of Executive Order No. 209, otherwise known as the Family Code of the Philippines, is hereby amended to read as follows: “Article 176. Illegitimate children shall use the surname and shall be under the parental authority of their mother, and shall be entitled to support in conformity with this Code. However, illegitimate children may use the surname of their father if their filiation has been expressly recognized y the father through the record of birth appearing in the civil register, or when an admission in a public document or private handwritten instrument is made by the father. Provided, the father has the right to institute an action before the regular courts to prove non-filiation during his lifetime. The legitime of each illegitimate child shall consist of one-half of the legitime of a legitimate child. http://www. fas. org/irp/agency/army/internal. pdf http://pcw. gov. ph/index. php/magna-carta-of-women