Unit one and FRQ for AP Psych

Platos student and thinks knowledge grows from experience

John Locke
Agrees with bacon that what we know comes from experiences. Thinks mind at birth is a “blank space”

Francis Bacon
One founder of modern science. What we know comes from experiences

Wilhelm Wundt
Establish1st psychology lab(Germany). Did an experiment testing mental awareness . father of modern psychology.

Structural psychologist

Edward Titchener
Student of Wundt. Wanted to discover the structural element of the mind. Discovered structuralism

William James
Made functionalism. Taught Mary Calkins. Wrote a book

Mind is separate from body. One of the first people to do anything with psychology

John B. Watson
Behaviorist. Redefined psychology

Margaret Floy Washburn
First female to get her Ph.D

Knowledge comes from experience and that science should rely on observation and experimentation

Made by William James
Influences by darwin
How mental and behavior processes function, and enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish


Nature v. Nurture
Do you birth traits come at birth or do you develop them over time. Work together to help balance each other out.
Big debate in psychology

Biopsychosocial aproach
Integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-culture levels of analysis

Cognitive psychology
The scientific study of all the mental activities associated withe thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

evolutionary psychology
The study of the evolution of behavior of the mind, using principles of natural selection

Behavioral perspective
Observable and measurable aspect of human behavior

Developmental psychology
A brach of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the lifespan

Clinical psychology
The branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness and disability.

FRQ #1 Pg 149

FRQ #2 2015
1. Researchers conducted a naturalistic study of children between the ages of 5 and 7 years. The researchers visited
classrooms during class party celebrations. As a measure of hyperactivity, they recorded the number of times
children left their seats. The researchers found a strong positive correlation between sugary snacks offered at
the parties and hyperactivity. Based on these findings, the researchers concluded that sugar causes hyperactivity.
A. How might the following explain why people may easily accept the conclusion of the study described
x Confirmation bias
x Availability heuristic
x Misunderstanding of correlational studies
1)There is potential for Confirmation bias
2) Confirmation bias is after the research is conducted, people believe they knew it all along
3) Helps people accept conclusion of research
4) Availability heuristic states when you think of posible solutions to an answer or question, those ideas immediately thought of are usually used
5)For example: Parents feed their kids a sugary donut, the kid gets antsy . The thought popped into their head after hearing the study, more likely to believe it.
6) Misunderstanding of correlation studies contribute to the accept of conclusions for researchers.
7)Many believe correlation means causation, but thats not true
8) Ex. Might see correlation between sugar and hyperactivity and think sugar causes hyperactivity, but thats not true there can be other variables

FRQ 2015 Part B:
B. As a follow-up study, the researchers are designing an experiment to test whether sugar causes hyperactivity.
For the experiment, please do the following.
x State a possible hypothesis.
x Operationally define the dependent variable.
x Describe how random assignment can be achieved.
1) Do follow-ups for conclusion
2)Possible hypothesis: if children eat sugary snacks, they will be hyperactive
3)Dependent variable: Level of activity of student
4)Measured by how many times they left their seat
5) To properly measure, independent variable would be if the class had snacks
6) Random assignment: put 1st grade student into alphabetical order, then use random # generator to choose half (Be your control group)
7)Other half will be the ones eating sugary treats