Unit 1 Study Guide

Question Answer
Copperheads Northern democrats that sympathized with the south and did not actively interfere with the war effort.
Emancipation Proclamation Something president Abraham Lincoln made to try and abolish slavery.
Total War An attack designed to take out all of your enemy’s economic resources.
War of Attrition To continue fighting until the South ran out of men, supplies, and the will to fight.
Amnesty A full pardon to all southerners who would swear allegiance to the US Constitution and accept federal laws ending slavery.
Black Codes Codes that closely resembled pre-civil war codes. The codes were made for previous slaves.
Carpetbaggers Former Confederates heaped even greater scorn on southern whites who had backed the Union cause and now supported Reconstruction.
Sharecroppers A farmer that worked a parcel of land in return for a share of the crop, a cabin, seed, tools, and a mule.
Compromise of 1877 A deal that was made between Democrats and Republicans to defuse a crisis.
Reconstruction acts Acts that divided the former confederacy into five districts, this is excluding Tennessee.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? The thing that killed more people than the actual battle in the war was illnesses.
What is the Anaconda Plan? It was a plan that tried to squeeze the South out of their resources hence the name Anaconda Plan.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? They were called Copperheads.
What were the Jim Crow Laws? They were laws made to segregate and separate the two different races, blacks and whites.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? It was a plan to have a line that would be drawn west through the remaining territories.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? The outcome of the Plessy v Ferguson court case was very beneficial for African Americans.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) They were relying on France and Britain to help them in the Civil War.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? Albert Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard led the South in the Battle of Shiloh.
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) He was reluctant to fight most battles, and often acted like a coward.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? They allowed African Americans to fight in the war in 1862.
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? The Emancipation Proclamation stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? It was a battle in which African Americans were able to fight in the war.
Where did the South surrender? The South surrendered the Civil War at a tiny Virginia village of Appomattox Courthouse.
What is Reconstruction? The reconstruction was when the North tried to rebuild the South.
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? The assassination of Abraham Lincoln was done by John Wilkes Booth.
What did the 13th Amendment do? It was made to abolish slavery and it did just that.

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