Unit 1 AP Psychology

empiricism
The view that since experience is the origin of knowledge, science should rely exclusively on evidence and observation.
structuralism
An early school of psychology that practiced looking inwardly to discern the structure and inner workings of the mind
functionalism
A school of psychology, partially influenced by Charles Darwin, which considers the practical uses of mental and behavioral functions
experimental psychology
method of psychology which involves studying behavior and thinking using experiments
behaviorism
the view that psychology should be objective and study only observable behavior, not mental processes
humanistic psychology
a historically significant perspective on psychology that emphasized the potential of growth in people
cognitive neuroscience
interdisciplinary study of brain activity linked with mental activities such as the ways in which we perceive, process, and retain information
psychology
the science of observable behavior and internal mental processes
nature-nurture issue
the longstanding controversy over the role played by nature and experience in shaping a persons behavior patterns and mental processes
natural selection
Charles Darwin’s theory that nature chooses the best possible qualities and traits to ensure a species’ survival
levels of analysis
different but complimentary views that aid in analyzing human behavior and mental processes
biopyschosocial approach
an approach formed by integrating different levels of analysis including biological, psychological, and social-cultural
biological psychology
a form of psychology that studies the links between biological and psychological processes
evolutionary psychology
the study of roots of behavior and mental processes using the principle of natural selection
psychodynamic psychology
a branch of psychology that studies how the unconscious influences behavior and uses that information to help treat people with psychological disorders
behavioral psychology
the scientific study of observable behavior and its explanation by principles of learning
cognitive psychology
the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, interpreting, and communicating
social-cultural psychology
the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking
psychometrics
the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, traits, and attitudes
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
developmental psychology
the scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
educational psychology
the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning
personality psychology
the study of an individual’s characteristics pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
industrial-organizational psychology
the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces
human factors psychology
the study of how people and machines interact and the design of safe and easily used machines and environments
counseling psychology
a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living and in achieving greater well-being
clinical psychology
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
psychiatry
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy
SQ3R
Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review