Understanding Sociology And Social Policy Sociology Essay Essay
Social divisions are described as the societal differences that are experienced by persons within a given society. These societal differences can be experienced in footings of functions, cultural norms and values, societal chances and outlooks every bit good as in life criterions ( Best, 2005 ) . While there are several factors that lead to these differences among persons, two of the commonly known factors are gender and ethnicity i.e. people may see societal divisions merely because they do non belong to the same gender or come from different cultural groups. This work is determined to analyze the extent to which societal divisions are socially constructed with particular focal point on ethnicity.
Ethnicity is a term that is used to depict a group of people that belong to the same cultural background or portion same traditions and cultural values. Throughout history, ethnicity has played a major function in building societal divisions among persons. As it is the function of every cultural group to put some ordinary facets such as societal criterion, beliefs, societal functions, outlooks and values so that they may be practiced normally by the persons belonging to these groups, seldom do these facets wholly match between two ethnicity groups ( Hallden, Grand, & A ; Hellgren, 2009 ) .
To get down with, different persons have different beliefs refering the beginning of adult male, rain and even the being of a supernatural being that controls the universe because the semen from different ethnicities. These beliefs are normally passed from one coevals to another by parents and grandparents through informal instruction. The following coevalss merely find these beliefs being practiced and they emulate them every bit good ( McAll, 1992 ) . As a consequence, societal divisions are constructed among coevalss that have been brought up in different ethnicities. This is the same ground why some people believe in the being of God while others do non hence a division on the societal believes.
Ethnicity besides constructs societal divisions in footings of chances depending on how resources are made availably to the different groups. For case, people who belong to an cultural minority that is noticeable different from the big population are more likely to be disadvantaged on the handiness of resources than those who belong on the big group. A good illustration that can be used to exemplify this is the Western World ( MaleA?eviA‡ , 2004 ) . After the war epoch, immigrants from different ethic groups started to travel into the United States likely due to employment while were imported as slaves. These groups were finally secluded in smaller topographic points since it was perceived that they could non absorb good with the local people. As a consequence, their living conditions became worse since they lived in slums and they had limited entree to societal comfortss such as schools and infirmaries ( Winkelmann-Gleed, 2006 ) . Therefore they could non entree quality instruction unlike their opposite numbers, the locals. Following this, there conditions deteriorated further since most of them continued to be illiterate and had the poorest wellness since they could non entree infirmaries therefore gaining a life was hard in these cultural groups. The same experience was passed on to their kids and the following coevalss and the tendency continued.
On the other manus, the local occupants did non mix with the immigrants and they had entree to societal comfortss such as quality schools and infirmaries. As a consequence, their kids got choice instruction and thrived good in the society and this tendency was besides passed on to the following coevalss ( Hallden, Grand & A ; Hellgren, 2009 ) . To day of the month, those that belonged to the minority cultural groups have remained to be hapless while those that made the bulk are still basking better living conditions ( MaleA?eviA‡ , 2004 ) . Therefore there is a societal division between the immigrants and the locals due to ethnicity i.e. the different cultural groups that live in the western universe are divided socially in footings of societal chances such as entree to societal installations such as better schools and infirmaries among other resources. This has hence created a societal spread among these cultural groups.
Social divisions are besides constructed societal through the differences in employment chances as experient by different ethnicity groups. Cultural groups that make the bulk ever acquire better occupation chances than the minorities ( MaleA?eviA‡ , 2004 ) . Taking the same illustration given above, the immigrants lived in societal environments that were overcrowded and did non hold an easy entree to installations such as schools and infirmaries. Therefore it is obvious that they did non acquire choice instruction. Due to this, they could non procure better occupations because they could non vie with their opposite numbers in the bulk cultural group. They therefore ended up working as manual laborers in cotton Fieldss and excavation companies and earned really small ( McAll, 1992, p. 138 ) . As a consequence, their life criterions continued to deteriorate and slugged buttocks in the societal ladder. Their opposite numbers ; the local occupants, who besides formed the larger ethnicity group continued to go rich since most of them owned these cotton plantations and the excavation companies in which the minority groups worked. Besides, following the fact that the minorities did non hold an active voice, most of them were exploited and their rights were violated. Therefore societal divisions existed between these two groups as a consequence of the difference in employment chances among the cultural groups ( Winkelmann-Gleed, 2006p.16 ) .
Social divisions may besides originate in footings of the pattern of power as experienced by different cultural groups. In common patterns, minority ethnicities have been considered weak while those that are bulk have ever held power over the lesser. This is due to the fact that when two ethic groups portion leading, the 1 with big population has higher opportunities to govern over the smaller society following the simple phrase that bulk win ( Barker, 208, p. 250 ) . As a consequence, leading becomes rooted within the bulk as it is transferred from one coevals to another. Consequently, the group with the bulk has the powers to pull strings and they end up ruling every cardinal characteristic in the society as they strive for good and better life. The minorities on the other manus continue to go weak since they do non hold a voice in the society. They wait to be ruled and everything is determined by the bulk therefore they can non develop on their ain. As a consequence, most of the hapless are found in this group while the rich are found in the groups with the bulks.
An illustration of societal division that consequences due to pattern of power is when leading is succeeded from one coevals to another through the first boy. Customary, the first boy becomes the inheritor of the thrown instantly the male parent is dead and this tendency moves on to the following coevals. For case, in societies that are ruled by a male monarch, the inheritor of this male monarch is obvious the first born prince. The prince will besides go through the powers to his boy and finally the sequence becomes endless. Since this male monarch belongs to a peculiar cultural group in the society, this society builds a repute of leading since no other cultural group can bring forth leaders. In the interim, the opinion cultural group accumulates most of the wealth since it has authorization over the resources and most members of the group have a opportunity to go rich compared to other ethnicity group where leading is non practiced ( Baker, 1983 ) . This therefore consequences into two ethnicity groups with different societal divisions since those that rule socially segregate those that do non govern. In add-on to this, the opinion group is perceived to hold a different societal division non because of wealth but because the society holds that.
Ethnicity has besides placed people in different societal divisions in footings of functions. Different cultural groups have set aside different functions for the immature and the old, female and male, etc. These functions are normally different among cultural groups ( Best, 2005 ) . For case, while some cultural groups believe that misss should stay at place and do household responsibilities while the male childs go to school and execute light undertakings such as taking attention of animate beings, others believe in equal chances for both male childs and misss and do non separate functions ; both perform same responsibilities and have equal rights to instruction. On the other manus, there are functions that are entirely meant for adult females while others are meant for work forces depending on the cultural group in which 1 has been brought up ( Best, 2005, p. 120 ) . For cases, kid lovingness is entirely for adult females in some groups while in others the adult females and work forces portion duties in caring for the kid. This difference in function as set by different cultural groups has hence resulted into societal divisions. Persons are socially divided depending on the functions as expected by the imposts of their ethnicity.
In decision, ethnicity has greatly constructed societal divisions among persons. Different cultural groups are socially divided in footings of functions, cultural norms and values, power, societal chances, entree to societal installations and outlooks among other societal facets. Peoples become socially divided non because they live in different societal environments but because they belong to different cultural groups ; as a consequence, they view different facets of life otherwise and finally happen themselves placed in different societal divisions. Social divisions in footings of leading and power are besides a consequence of ethnicity. For two cultural groups with unequal population sizes, the bulk rule the minority groups whereas for a society where power is transferred from one coevals to another the establishing cultural group regulations up to the terminal.