Types of Reactions Flashcard

Synthesis
A+B–>AB
Decompisition
AB–>A+B
Single Replacement
A+BX–>AX+B
A metal oxide plus carbon dioxide
a metal carbonate
MO+CO2
MCO3
A metal oxide plus sulfur dioxide
a metal sulfite
MO+SO2
MSO3
A metal oxide plus water
a metal hydroxide
MO+H20
MOH
A nonmetal plus water
an acid
XO+H2O
HX0
Hydrogen Peroxide
Water plus Oxygen
Ammonium carbonate
ammonia plus water plus carbon dioxide
metal chlorates
metal chlorides plus oxygen
Sulfurous acid
water plus sulfur dioxide
Carbonic acid
water plus carbon dioxide
Oxygen
O2
Hydrogen
H2
Nitrogen
N2
Iodine
I2
Bromine
Br2
Chlorine
Cl2
Fluorine
F2
Phosphorus
P4
Sulfur
S8
7 Diatomics and also the two other molecules that break the rule
O2, H2, N2, I2, Br2, Cl2, F2, and also P4, S8
Mole / Avogadro’s Number
6.022 x 10^23
The oxidation number of Cl in HCl
-1
The oxidation number of hydrogen
+1 (except hydrides)
the oxidation number of all free, uncombined elements, including diatomic molecules such as 02
0 (zero)
the oxidation number of oxygen in all compounds (except peroxides)
-2
What is the oxidation number of Cl in ClO-
+1
Double Replacement
A+ B- + C+ D –> A+ D- + C+ B-
hydrocarbons
combinations of carbon and hydrogen
hydrocarbons combust and create…
water and carbon dioxide
H20+C02
usually involves C, H, 0, creates water and carbon dioxide
combustion

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