Two Elements Of Sikhism Theology Religion Essay Essay
Sikhism is a monotheistic faith established by Guru Nanak in the Punjab part of north India during the fifteenth century. The fact that this faith has emerged in fortunes where both Hinduism and Islam have existed in India for centuries, made it drew many resources from both of these faith. Actually, by taking, from both of these faiths, the best facets and most tolerant behaviours for the human male monarch, Sikhism could construct its ain characters and thoughts ( Noss & A ; Grangaard, 2003 ) . Today, Sikhism is considered as the fifth universe largest faith with around 30 million followings worldwide, and it is merely outnumbered by Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Judaism. However, if we take in consideration the inclusive definition of faith, and include secularists, African and Chinese faiths, so Sikhism would be the 9th largest faith in the Earth ( B.A, 03 ) .
The work “ Sikh ” derived from the Punjab linguistic communication, means adherent. It refers to pupils of God who follow the instructions of the Ten Gurus ( “ Introduction to Sikhism, ” ) . They exist in all parts of India with a bulk in Punjab province which is about 89 % Sikhs. Furthermore, Sikhs are spread around the universe particularly in the North of America with a per centum of 2 % and UK with 2 % . Harmonizing to the Canadian nose count “ The Sikh population in Canada increased from 150, 000 in1991 to 280, 000 in 2001. ” ( B.A, 03 ) . This shows the addition of population of Sikhs and their being around the universe.
The first Guru, Nanak, was born in 1469 in a small town of what is called presents Pakistan. As a immature adult male, Nanak was fascinated by faith and God ; he desired to research the enigmas of the universe and curiously meditated entirely. The spiritual tolerance organisation stated that: “ Guru Nanak received a vision to prophesy the manner to enlightenment and God. ” ( Arora ) . From that minute he tried to set up a new faith as a re-purification of Islam and Hinduism, but Distinct. So, in order to demo the difference signifier these faiths, Nanak adopted different vesture signifiers: the breechcloth of the Hindu, the orange coat and cap of Muslims ( “ Sikh: Religious history/beliefs, ” 26 ) . He is the responsible of one of the most of import pillars of Sikhism which is “ there is no Hindu there is No Muslim ” ( B.A, 03 ) . During his Doctrine, he banned the graven image worship, the caste construct of Hindu and he encouraged the brotherhood of humanity. In other words, he criticized the rites of Islam and Hinduism and addressed the construct of Love and understanding each other as human existences ( Arora ) . After his decease, the message of this new faith was passed through nine Gurus until the period of 1708 where this enlightened message continued through the holy text, which is considered as the 11th Guru. Actually, the 10th Guru established the sanctum text “ Guru Cranth Sahib ” , which is considered as the ageless Guru of the Sikhs. Harmonizing to Sikhs Organization, Guru Gobind Singh announced that the Sikhism followers no longer needed a human Guru, and he appointed Khalsa as his physical replacement, while Sri Guru Granth Sahib as the religious counsel ( “ Introduction to Sikhism, ” ) . This later is an exclusion of the spiritual Bibles as non merely it contains the philosophy of the gurus, but besides, the authorship of saints of Hindu and Muslim religions. Therefore, we see that Sikhism emerged from the correlativity or re-purification of Islam and Hinduism, but what are some of the elements that are related between these faiths and Sikhism?
Two elements of relation between Islam and Sikhism:
The rule of belief in Sikhism is the belief in One God. Guru Nanak founded a monotheistic faith which believes in the being of one God and eliminates idol war vessel. The Bible of Sri Guru Granth Sahib stats: “ There is one bed, One God Lord and Master ” ( Sigh Sahib ) . This shows the religion of this faith in one God and the credence of His greater power. In add-on, the Bible stats: “ The One God is our male parent ” ( Sigh Sahib ) . So, Sikhs believe that we are the creative activity of God, and that He formed everything. This is clearly similar to Islamic religion where Muslims believe in the singularity of one God, and it is stated in the sanctum Quran “ Say God is One. ” Actually, one of the basic rules of being a Muslim is saying “ I testify that there is no God except Allah and I testify that Muhammad is the courier of God. ” So, the being of one God is portion of the first pillar of being a Muslim. Furthermore, Islam is demoing and believing in the great power of God, as in every call for supplication “ Imam ” provinces: “ God is great. ” Therefore, we can detect that one of the major dealingss between Sikhism and Islam is the impression of the Uniqueness of God and His Greater power.
Furthermore, Nanak called His God “ True Name ” in order to avoid any restricting name for Him ( Noss & A ; Grangaard, 2003 ) . Harmonizing to David S. Noss, Nanak stated that “ if any name is to be used, allow it be one like Hari ( the kindly ) which is a good description for His character ; for His clemency is Inexhaustible, His love greater than His unswerving justness. At the same clip ” ( Noss & A ; Grangaard, 2003 ) . Therefore, Sikhism learning calls and describes God in different names, labeling His characters and His dealingss with human male monarch. Besides, the Sikh Scripture states: “ Priceless is His Clemency ” ( Sigh Sahib ) , which shows that His Kindness and forgiveness is beyond restriction. This is true Besides is Islam, as we have 99 names for God depicting His features, generousness, forgiveness and penalty. For illustration, Ar-Raheem is one of the God ‘s names that show His Mercy, and Al-Jabbaar, means that nil happens except what He willed. Therefore, we can detect that both Sikhism and Islam have names for God that describe His mission, control and softness towards us.
Besides, in their war vessel edifices ( gurdwaras ) which include Community Kitchens and frequently inn installations, Sikhs offer free repasts, for everyone, after war vessel as a societal service ( Noss & A ; Grangaard, 2003 ) . This is rather similar to the construct of “ zakat ” in Islam, which means Charity. In fact, Zakat is one of the 5 pillars of Islam which states that Muslims should give away portion of their money or wealth for the hapless or to its aggregators. Hence, another common point between the two faiths.
Two elements of relation between Hinduism and Sikhism:
Both Hinduism and Sikhism portion the construct of reincarnation. Unlike Abrahamic faiths, they have the same thoughts about life and decease. Harmonizing to the Sikh organisation, Hindus and Sikhs have the common belief of the transmigration of the psyche. They see life as infinite rhythms of births and deceases until the accomplishment of mukhti, which means the merge with God ( “ Introduction to Sikhism, ” ) . This construct seems to happen: “ when the psyche or the spirit, after the decease of the organic structure, comes back to life in a newborn organic structure ” ( “ Reincarnation, ” 25 ) . So, the psyche departs from the organic structure at decease, and so it goes and re-lives in another new organic structure. The belief in reincarnation assumes the psyche is ageless until the accomplishment of an enlightened province ( “ On reincarnation, ” ) . Hence, Hinduism and Sikhism believe in the thought of metempsychosis or reincarnation.
In add-on, Hinduism and Sikhism believe in Maya, which is harmonizing to the Sikhs organisation: “ the universe is merely an semblance and some get enchanted with this semblance and bury God ” ( “ Introduction to Sikhism, ” ) . So, the construct of Maya is centered on psychotic belief and misconception. For illustration, me and mine is an semblance. It is the ignorance around the witting that brings the province of this independent unit that can merely be stopped through speculation ( “ Maya, ” 26 ) . However, Nanak did non take Maya as pure semblance but as David S. Noss stated: “ he intended to state that material objects, even though they have world as looks of the Godhead ‘s ageless truth, may construct a wall of falsity that prevents them from seeing the truly Real ” ( Noss & A ; Grangaard, 2003 ) . So, Sikhism does non see Maya as an semblance, but the thought behind it is the same, since material things are brought to this universe to do a screen between God and His worshippers.
Finally, Sikhism is a faith founded by Guru Nanak in the fifteenth century. It has emerged between Islam and Hinduism that influenced many of its instructions. In fact, Sikhism, is seen as a re-purification of both Islam and Hinduism, as it condemned the blind rites ( “ Introduction to Sikhism, ” ) , and took the best parts of these two faith that will function best the human male monarch and make a state of love, tolerance and equality. Hence, as mentioned above, there are some dealingss or similarities between Sikhs religion and Islam, like the unity of God and His power ; in add-on to correlativities with Hinduism in constructs like Maya and Reincarnation. A