This is a set pf 53 vocabulary terms. Essay

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Alluvial PlainRelatively flat landform created by the opposition of sediment over a long time by one or more rivers
ArchipelagoLarge group or chain of islands
AtollA ring shaped coral island or ring of several islands linked by underwater coral reefs and contains a lagoon
BasinLow area of land, often surrounded by mountains on the ocean floor or surface of the earth
BayA body of water forming an indention of the shoreline, larger than a cove,but smaller than a gulf
ButteAn isolated hill or mountain rising abruptly above the surrounding land
CanalAn artificial man-made waterway for navigation, irrigation, etc.
CanyonA deep valley with steep sides often with a stream flowing through it; caused by erosion
CapeLand projecting into water, uusually smaller than a peninsula
CataractA descent of water over a steep surface; a waterfall, especially one of considerable size; rapids
CayA small low island;key.
ChannelThe bed of a stream, river, or other waterway.
CliffA high steep face of a rock or other earth materials.
ContinentOne of the main landmasses of the globe, usually considered 7 in number
CurrentA flowing;flow, as of a river.
DeltaA flat alluvial area at the mouth of some rivers where the mainstream splits up into several distributaries.
DivideA ridge that separates area of water flows.
DownstreamWith or in the direction of the current of a stream toward the mouth.
ElevationThe altitude of a place above sea level or ground level.
EquatorAn imaginary line that circles the globe half way between the north and south poles.
EstuaryThat part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which the river's current meets the sea's tide.
GlacierA large body if ice
GulfA portion of sea or ocean, partially surrounded by land
HillA natural elevation of the Earth's surface, smaller than a mounatin with rounded summit
IslandBody of land completely surrounded by water
IsthmusLand that connects 2 larger bodies of land
LakeA body of water completely surrounded by land
LowlandLow or level land in comparison to the adjacent land
MarshLow-lying wetlands with small plants
MeridianAnother name for longitude, measures distance east – west of Prime Meridian
MesaBroad flat surfaced area that rises sharply from the surrounding area, larger than a butte
MountainA natural rise in the earth's surface, steep sides, having an elevation of more than 2,000 ft.
Mountain RangeA series of mountain ridges similar in direction, form and origin
MouthThe end of a river where it opens to the sea
OasisA fertile or green spot in a desert
OceanLarge body of salt water that covers 70% of Earth's surface
PrairieA vast area of grassland
ParallelAnother name for a line of latitude
PeninsulaA body of land nearly surrounded by water
PlainAn extensive area of level of lowland, treeless country
PlateauAn expanse of relatively level land that rises sharply above bordering land with at least one sharp side
RangeA series of mountains
ReliefThe difference in elevation or slope
Reefa ridge of rocks or sand, often a coral reef, at or near the surface of the water
Rivera natural stream of water, of a fairly large size, flowing in a definite course or channel
Seathe salt waters that cover the greater part of Earth's surface
Seacoastland that lies adjacent to the ocean or sea; the shoreline
Sounda narrow sea or ocean channel, larger that a strait, that connects two bodies of water; often lies parallel to the coast
Sourcethe origin or starting point of a stream or river
Straita narrow passage of water connecting two larger bodies of water
Swampwet spongy land with trees and other vegetation, unfit for cultivation
Trencha long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor, caused by the subduction of ocean plates
Tributarya stream or river that flows into another larger stream or river

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