Term Definition
Dual authorship both divine and human· Influences from god, but written by humans using their powers
Historical-critical method the indispensable method for the scientific study of the meaning of old textUses objective scientific criteria to analyze textDisregards personal (subjective) beliefs about the textYou rap the text by looking for language, genre, sources, and edits
Diachronic considering a text THROUGH time· How elements of the text reflect in various ways the history of the text· Taking into consideration the language and genre as well as the edits and how it has changed
Synchronic considering a text IN time· How all elements of the text in its final form work together to convey a distinct message to the reader
Scientism the belief that the assumptions, methods of research, etc, of the physical and biological sciences are equally appropriate and essential to all other disciplines, including the humanities and the social sciences
Paradigm a distinct, successful, and comprehensive way of seeing things (an interpretive framework)
Possible beings things that come into existence and go out of existence· All possible beings at one time did not exists· If everything is possible, then at one time nothing at all existed, since possible beings at one time did not exist
Necessary beings someone who cannot not exist, who has always existed and explain the existence of everything else (all possible beings)
Metaphysical naturalists everything "real" exists within nature and should generate some sort of scientific evidence within nature
Christians believe god exists beyond nature and proofs for god's existence offer not scientific evidence for the existence of a being within nature but a philosophical argument for the existence of a categorically different sort of being beyond nature
Deism belief in god based on reason alone
John 3:16 Theistic elements: revelation of god's love and personal involvement· Centrality of Jesus: Jesus demonstrates god's love
Genesis god created one thing at a time "created light, then … then …"
Enuma Elish everything just existed right away
Similarities between genisis and EE origins of creation of heaven and earth, creation of humanity
Geocentric earth at the center of solar system· This is what it literally says in the bibleo "the world is firmly established, it cannot be moved"o "the sun rises and the sun sets and hurries back to where it rises"
Heliocentric sun at the center of solar system· Incompatible with a literal reading of certain passages in the bible
Galileo Galilei used scope and fought for helio cen model, house arrest not oppose the bible or the Christian faith argue that the bible speaks with authority on spiritual argue that science should operate with autonomy says bible should be
New Atheism elieving in god is useless because the authority of science and Darwinist theories of evolution explain everythingo Rejection of "faith" as "belief without scientific evidence"
Theistic evolutionism Agrees with Darwinist on the scientific level but not as a philosophical system.o Thinks that god uses evolution to work out his creative plano God creates a universe productive of life
Methodological naturalism ONLY nature exists, don't even consider a possibility of supernatural
Intelligent Design Scientists can find proof of intelligent design· Biological systems exhibiting "irreducible complexity"o Evolution CANNOT account for irreducibly complex systems God was Directly involved in construction of certain biological systems

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