The Twenties Test Questions

F. Scott Fitzgerald
Was part of both the jazz age and the lost generation. Wrote books encouraging the flapper culture, and books scorning wealthy people being self-centered., wrote This Side of Paradise (1920) and The Great Gatsby (1925),
Sinclair Lewis
United States novelist who satirized middle-class America in his novel Main Street (1885-1951), American novelist who attacked American society with irony- First American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature
Zora Neale Hurston
wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God; 20th century African-American writer; folklorist during the Harlem Renaissance
Marianne Moore
United States poet noted for irony and wit (1887-1872), “The Fish” “England” “The Pangolin” “Poetry” “A Grave” “To a Snail” “The Paper Nautilus”
Grant Wood
United States painter noted for works based on life in the Midwest (1892-1942), Painted American Gothic, one of the most famous portrayals of America’s rural life during the Great Depression
C. B. DeMille
American film director and Academy Award-winning film producer in both silent and sound films. He was renowned for the flamboyance and showmanship of his movies. His work includes “Cleopatra” (1934) and the “Ten Commandments” (1956).Produced the movie 10 Commandments, a Biblical epic film. He was renowned for the flamboyance and showmanship of his movies.
Irving Berlin
United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989), White Christmas, Easter Parade, God Bless America, No Biz Like Show Biz, and Alexander’s Rag Time Band – Kern said Irving is American Music
T. S. Eliot
wrote “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” “The Waste Land” and “The Hollow Men;” British WWI poet, playwright, and literary critic, poet who talked about the disillusionment of the decade and wrote “the waste land”; American poet in England; described postwar world as a barren wasteland drained of hope and faith
Ernest Hemingway
an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954 (1899-1961), One of the most popular writers of the 1920’s who wrote “A Farewell to Arms”, writer who expressed disillusionment with the ideals of an earlier time and the materialism of the business orientated culture
William Faulkner
United States novelist (originally Falkner) (1897-1962), -grew up in Oxford, MS, wrote novels that portrayed small town life which later earned him the Nobel Prize for literature and two Pulitzer Prizes., A Rose For Emily, The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying
Charlie Chaplain
english comic actor and screen director-was known for miming, slapstick, and visual comedy. -radical some what socialist/communist, Englishman, became the king of the “silver screen” in Hollywood during the 1920s.
Georgia O’Keeffe
United States painter (1887-1986), Well known for her detailed paintings of flowers and of the southwest Red Canna, Aritst of watercolors, flowers, bleak cityscapes, deserts and bones (20s)
The Sacco-Vanzetti Trial
Ferdinando Nicola Sacco (April 22, 1891 – August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (June 11, 1888 – August 23, 1927) were anarchists who were convicted of murdering two men during a 1920 armed robbery in South Braintree, Massachusetts, United States.
After a controversial trial and a series of appeals, the two Italian immigrants were executed on August 23, 1927.
The Court Martial of Billy Mitchell
U.S. Army officer who early advocated a separate U.S. air force and greater preparedness in military aviation. He was court-martialed for his outspoken views and did not live to see the fulfillment during World War II of many of his prophecies: strategic bombing, mass airborne operations, and the eclipse of the battleship by the bomb-carrying military airplane.
Margaret Sanger
United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood, 1921 – founded American Birth Control League; which became Planned Parenthood in the 1940s. Advocated birth control awareness.
Frank Lloyd Wright
influential United States architect (1869-1959), Considered America’s greatest architect. Pioneered the concept that a building should blend into and harmonize with its surroundings rather than following classical designs., architect who built Empire State Building (1931); “form follows function”, Guggenheim Museum, Falling Water
Influenza Epidemic of 1918-1919
It is also known as the Spanish Flu. There was an outbreak of this deadly flu in 1918-1919. The movement of soldiers in WWI helped spread the virus. It is estimated that 20%-40% of the world became infected by this virus. It attacked all types of people, young, healthy, or weak. It wasn’t uncommon for people to feel fine in the morning and have passed away by nighttime. It is estimated that 675,000 people were killed by this virus in the US and around 50 million people worldwide., largely overlooked because of war, killed 550,000 Americans, 50-100 million died worldwide, facilitated by bad health conditions in war camps, helped by Red Cross and Public Health Service, started in Kansas and spread rapidly. World Wide epidemic that killed 10 times of Americans like in WWI. It eventually killed one of four Americans.
John Dewey
United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education, He was a philosopher who believed in “learning by doing” which formed the foundation of progressive education. He believed that the teachers’ goal should be “education for life and that the workbench is just as important as the blackboard.”
Charles and Mary Beard
Famous historians from the 20th century – wrote that the founding fathers were driven by economic issues rather than political philosophies; wrote The Rise of American Civilization
Billy Sunday
American fundamentalist minister; used colorful language and powerful sermons to drive home the message of salvation through Jesus and to oppose radical and progressive groups., Preacher and Former Pro Baseball Player- Key figure in the prohibition movement
Bruce Barton
A founder of the “new profession” of advertising, which used the persuasion ploy, seduction, and sexual suggestion. He was a prominent New York partner in a Madison Avenue firm. He published a best seller in 1925, The Man Nobody Knows, suggesting that Jesus Christ was the greatest ad man of all time. He even praised Christ’s “executive ability.” He encouraged any advertising man to read the parables of Jesus.
Frederick W. Taylor
The original “efficiency expert” who, in the book The Principles of Scientific Management from 1911, preached the gospel of efficient management of production time and costs, the proper routing and scheduling of work, standardization of tools and equipment, and the like.
Eugene O’ Neil
Known for his pessimism and tradgedy. won a nobel prize for literature in 1936., (1888-1953) American playwright. ‘Desire Under the Elms,’ ‘The Hairy Ape,’ ‘Mourning Becomes Electra,’ ‘The Iceman Cometh,’ ‘Long Day’s Journey Into Night.’, A play writer who based his plays off of real life but with bold artistry and modern themes.
H.L. Mencken
Writer for the American Mercury, a monthly magazine. He criticized many subjects like the middle class, democracy, marriage, and patriotism. A reporter for the scopes trial, which he nicknamed the “monkey” trial., Used wit and biting criticism to jab at almost every aspect of society in his American Monthly.
Sigmund Fred
A Viennese physician who developed the psychodynamic principles of motivation, -Said people’s minds are made of three related parts:
-Id (animal instincts)-SuperEgo (conscience)-Ego (reason)
Theodore Dreiser
United States novelist (1871-1945), wrote Sister Carrie who broke female ideals, showed social changes of the time – city life, scramble for money and power, understood place of greed in Gilded Age (the Financier, The Titan)
Leopold and Loeb Case
Nathan ——- and Richard —— were convicted of killing a young boy, Bobby Franks, in Chicago just to see if they could get away with it. Defended by Clarence Darrow, they got life imprisonment. Both geniuses, they had decided to commit the perfect murder. The first use of the insanity defense in court.
Babe Ruth
United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948) Best baseball player ever. Sultan of Sw(e)at
Jack Dempsey
Was the most famous heavy-weight boxing champion of the 1920s. He helped make boxing a big money sport.
Charles Lindburgh
completed the first non- stop solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, traveling from New York to Paris . He was nicknamed “Lucky Lindy”, and his plane was named “Spirit of St. Louis” .
Louis Armstrong
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians., First great jazz soloist. Played trumpet and was instrumental in developing scat singing
McNary-Haugen Act
farm help bill that did not pass. The idea of it was to use government money to sae the farmer from the free market. The idea was to keep up the price of staple crops regardless of what happened to other prices. The government would buy the surpluses that would have driven down farm prices if they went to the open market.
Norris- LaGuardia Act
1932-Liberal Republicans, Feorelo LaGuardia and George Norris cosponsored the Norris-LaGuardia Federal Anti-Injunction Act, which protected the rights of striking workers, by severely restricting the federal courts’ power to issue injunctions against strikes and other union activities., protects peaceful strikes, picketing, and boycotts
Muller v. Oregon
A landmark decision in United States Supreme Court history, as it relates to both sex discrimination and labor laws. The case upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women’s health.
Adkins v. Children’s hospital
Supreme Court case that invalidated Muller v. Oregon, declaring that since women now had the vote, they were equal to men and undeserving of special protection, 1923 – The hospital fired employees because it didn’t want to pay them what was reqired by the minimum wage law for women and children.

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