The Renaissance

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The Italian Renaissance was primarily
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a recovery or rebirth of antiquity and Greco-Roman culture
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The word Renaissance means
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rebirth
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According to Jacob Burckhardt, the Renaissance in Italy represented
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a distinct break from the Middle Ages and the true birth of the modern world.
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The family of merchants and bankers who dominated Florence during the hight point of the Renaissance was the
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Medici
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What was the commercial and military league set up off the north coast of Germany
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Hanseatic League
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The author of the Book of the Courtier, a handbook on courtly manners, was
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Baldassarre Castiglione
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The achievements of the Italian Renaissance were the products of
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an elite movement, involving small numbers of wealthy patrons, artists, and intellectuals.
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Banquets during the Renaissance
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were used to express wealth and power of an aristocratic family
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The third estate of the fifteenth century was
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overwhelmingly made up of peasants
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Western Europe in the Renaissance saw
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a decline in serfdom
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The reintroduction of slavery in the fourteenth century occurred largely as a result of
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the shortage of labor created by the Black Death
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The excerpt above is from…
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The Book of the Courtier, Castiglione
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Which of the following statements best describes marriage in Renaissance Italy
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marriages were usually arranged, to strengthen familial alliances
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Marriages in Renaissance Italy
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were an economic necessity of life involving complicated family negotiations
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Which of the following roles was most socially acceptable for an educated women in Renaissance Europe
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Patron of the Arts
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Which of the following was not a reason why the Renaissance developed first in Italy
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The Italian States were the most stable political entities in Europe
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The excerpt above is from
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The prince by Machiavelli
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By the fifteenth century, Italy was
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dominated by five major regional independent powers
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Isabella d’Este
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The piece of Lodi served to
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maintain peace between the Italian States for 40 years
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Machiavellis The Prince advocates that a successful ruler must
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act without scruples for the good of the state
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Italian Renaissance humanism in the early fifteenth century, above all else
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was based on the study of the Greco-Roman classics
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In the late fifteenth century Italy became a battleground for the competing interests of
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Spain and France
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Who said Christ is my God; cicero is the prince of the language
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Petrarch
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The main goal of humanist education was to
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produce complete citizens who could participate in the civic life of their communities
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Which of the following best characterizes Renaissance humanists
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They emphasized rhetoric based on classical models
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The Corpus Hermeticum
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contained writings on the occult as well as theological and philosophical speculations
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Pico della Mirandola’s Oration on the Diginity of Man stated that humans
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could be whatever they chose or willed
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The liberal education taught by Vittorino da Feltre
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contained as it’s primary goal the creation of well-rounded, virtuous and ethical citizens
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Humanisms main effect on the writing of history was
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secularization of historiography and the explanation of change over time
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Johannes Gutenberg was a key developer of
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the movable type printing press
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The development of printing in the fifteenth century
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ensured that literacy and new knowledge would spread rapidly in European society
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Italian artists in the fifteenth century began to
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experiment in the areas of perspective
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All of the following are true of Raphael’s school of Athens except
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To make it acceptable to the Pope, Raphael incorporated both Christian and classical figures in the painting
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Which pair of artists both sculpted a likeness of David
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Michelangelo and da Vinci
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The painter of Romes Sistine Chapel was
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Michelangelo
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Filippo Brunelleschi’s dome of the duomo in Florence
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illustrated a shift from medieval architectural design to a more classical design reminiscent of ancient Greece and Rome
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Who painted the Last Supper
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Leonardo
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Castiglione The Courtier was a
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very popular handbook laying out the new skills in politics, the arts, and personal comportment expected of Renaissance aristocrats
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Which of the following aims reflected in the Van Eyck painting above was considered by many Renaissance artists to be their primary goal
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the imitation of nature and the realistic portrayal of their subjects
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The new monarchs of the late fifteenth century in Europe
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were focused upon the acquisition and expansion of power
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The primary difference between Northern Renaissance artists and Italian Renaissance artists was that
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Northern Renaissance artists focused on wooden altarpieces and specific details in their paintings, whereas Italian artists focused on humans in the nude form
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Under Ferdinand and Isabella, Spain
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saw Muslim power vanish from the peninsula
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All of the following monarchs were successful in continuing the centralization of their new monarchies except
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Maximilian 1 of the Holy Roman Empire
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After 1438, the position of the Holy Roman Empire remained in the hands of
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the Hadsburg dynasty
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The Byzantine Empire was finally destroyed in 1453 by the
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Ottoman Turks
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John Wyclif criticized the church for
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not letting people read the Bible in the vernacular
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The Renaissance Popes did all of the following except
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attempt to return the Papacy to more humble times
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The Ottoman Turkish sultan who captured Constantinople in 1453 was
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Mehmet II
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The Renaissance Papacy
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was often seen as corrupt and debauched, as evidenced by Alexander VI

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