The Odyssey– the study guide questions
Who is Hermes and what is his mission?
The Messenger God, the Gods have told Hermes to tell Calypso to let Odysseus go home
Who is holding Odysseus captive?
What is Calypso’s reaction to having to let Odysseus go?
she promises him eternal life
What is the main problem Odysseus faces while traveling by sea?
Poseidon hates him
How heavy is the door of the Cyclops’ cave?
Why doesn’t Odysseus kill the Cyclops when he has the chance?
bc he needed the Cyclops to move the bloder
What does Odysseus tell the Cyclops that his name is?
How do Odysseus and his men sneak out of the Cyclops’ cave?
they get under sheep skin
What foolish thing goes Odysseus do?
What does Circe do to some of Odysseus’ men?
turns them into pigs
What instructions does Circe give Odysseus’?
tell him to go to the underworld
Who is Teiresias and what does Odysseus want from him?
he is a prophet; he wants the future/ what will happen to him
What does Teiresias predict for Odysseus’?
Why should Odysseus be careful around the Sirens?
so he doesn’t stray away from going home
What should he and his men do to keep safe from the Sirens?
the men need to plug their ears, and Odysseus needs to be tied up
What will Charybdis do if Odysseus’ ship gets too close?
his men will get sucked up in the whirlpool
What does Odysseus keep secret from his men?
that they would lose a lot of men
Describe the circumstances of Odysseus’ shipmates’ deaths. It is Odysseus’ fault?
the men eat the cattle; no it is not Odysseus fault bc they decided not to listen to him
Describe Odysseus’ disguise.
an old beggar
What do Odysseus andTelemachus plan to do?
they plan to kill all the Suiters and take their house back
Describe Penelope’s challenge for the suitor.
they have to string Odysseus’ bow; shoot the arrow through 12 ax heads; and also hit the bullseye
How does Odysseus prove his identity?
if they can’t do it , why should he try?
What did Odysseus prove about his abilities when he shot the arrow through the 12axes? Why is that important now?
Even an old beggar can do heroic deeds. He needed to get his wife and kingdom back