The Impact of Legalization of Marijuana
The Impact of Legalization of Marijuana

The Impact of Legalization of Marijuana

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  • Published: November 17, 2021
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Research shows that marijuana is legal in only 23 states, the District of Columbia and Guam and recreational use of the drug is legal in Washington and Colorado. Though it may have side effects, its benefits are wide. There have been arguments on whether to fully legalize or ban it. Other than recreational purpose, most people favor its legal status as medicine. There are several impacts due to legalization of marijuana, which include economic and social as well as health benefits. This paper discusses only three impacts of marijuana legalization which include its medicinal effect such that it cures many diseases such as cancer, low crime rates and increased profits. Legalization Marijuana would definitely offer an important economic favorable position over decriminalization. This is because it would take into account lawful dissemination as well as tax assessment of cannabis and reduce expensive enforcement and detainment costs.

Marijuana’s medicinal value is one of its reasons as to why it should be legalized. Medical marijuana is available in many forms which can be smoked, ingested in a pill form or even added to foods such as brownies or vaporized. According to Donald Adams, it is an integrative medicine especially for cancer patients. In his 2007 study, he and his colleagues found that marijuana is effective in reducing neuropathic pain or pain caused by damaged nerves in HIV patients. Researchers at the medical academy also found that in its form of pills or sprays, it reduces muscle spasms and stiffness in MS. Its medications also ease

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certain symptoms of SM such as painful burning and numbness, overactive bladder and pain related to spasms (Volkow et al, 59). Other than relieving pain, marijuana has also been used to stimulate appetite in HIV patients who have suppressed appetites due to treatments or medical conditions. It is also frequently used to treat nausea induced by chemotherapy in its smoke form. In addition, reduces vomiting in cancer patients. Lastly it can be used to treat glaucoma, an elevated pressure in the eyeball that can cause blindness and it must be consumed numerous times a day in order to achieve the desired effects. There are many more medicinal values of marijuana and that is why it should be legalized.

Another reason as to why marijuana should be legalized is related to the reduction of crime rates. There are many marijuana related crimes in most of the countries where the consumption of marijuana is prohibited. It is an addictive drug and once you start using it, it is very hard to stop. That is why the people who use it use every illegal way to acquire it. This is why every day we hear cases of drug smuggling across borders. Legalization of marijuana will reduce issues of crime even if it will not solve it (Kilmer et al, 27). For instance, let’s take the case of Colorado. Crimes rates in this country have unexpectedly gone down since legalization of marijuana. Arrests related to marijuana have dropped. In addition, other than reduced crime rates, murder rates have also gone down. Many people are killed in drug trafficking and smuggling. If marijuana i

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legalized, then these murders would also decrease. For instance the murder rates in Denver have dropped about 25% since the legalization of marijuana (Kilmer et al, 27). This is another reason as to why marijuana should be legalized.

The last impact of marijuana legalization is the increased profits. These profits come from the revenue gains and budgetary savings. Though criminal justice budgets do not list the costs of enforcing particular drug laws, there are a series of policy papers that estimate the various government expenditures associated with marijuana legalization. According to Miron, legalization will reduce the need for judicial, prosecutorial and policy resource spending. In addition, marijuana taxation, licensing and industry could generate billions in the government revenue. According to Oglebsy, marijuana legalization proposal in Washington which includes restrictions on advertising and drugged driving and has three distinct excise taxes could also generate approximately 500 dollars in the state (Eric, 46).

In the case of Colorado, where arrests related to marijuana have dropped, the Colorado police have more resources to use in order to target other crimes (Eric, 46). These economic benefits have turned Colorado’s slow economy into a booming one. These profits gained from the revenue and the taxes together with the budgetary savings can be used to boost other economic activities that will in turn boost the overall economy of a state. This is another reason as to why marijuana should be legalized. Legalization of marijuana in Colorado has a positive impact on the economy of Colorado through taxation, creation of employment for youth, change of money ownership from drug cartels, and attraction of tourists (Eric, 46).

In conclusion, as discussed in the article above, marijuana is a drug that has been illegal in many countries and is still illegal. Only few states have legalized it and there have been arguments on whether to fully legalize it due to the positive impacts it has and will have. Among those impacts are the medicinal value as illustrated, marijuana can cure many diseases such as cancer and relieve pain those patients including HIV patients (Joffre et al, 92). There are many more uses as discussed above. Another impact is the reduction of crime rates, an example being in Colorado where the crime rates have gone down due to legalization of marijuana. Lastly is the great amounts of profit that come from government revenues, taxes and budgetary savings which can be used in other activities in order to boost the economy of a state. Due to all these impacts, marijuana should be legalized.

Works Cited

  • Joffre, Alain, and W. Samuel Yancy. “Legalization of marijuana: Potential impact on youth.” Pediatrics 113.6 (2004): e632-e638
  • Kilmer, Beau, et al. Altered state?: Assessing how marijuana legalization in California could influence marijuana consumption and public budgets. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2010
  • Single, Eric W. “The impact of marijuana decriminalization: an update.” Journal of public health policy 10.4 (2012): 456-466
  • Volkow, Nora D., et al. “Adverse health effects of marijuana use” new England journal of medicine 370. 23 (2014): 2219-2227
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