The History Of The Family Systems Theory Sociology Essay Essay
The definition of Family has become progressively controversial over the past few decennaries. Family in the 21st century is different to everyone ; all households have different constructions and maps, beliefs and parental attitudes. The term ‘family ‘ refers to “ a unit consisting of people who are related to each other – either biologically by impressions of blood dealingss, or instead by legal agencies such as by matrimony ” ( Kirby, et al 2000, p45 ) .
The definition of a household has changed a batch over the old ages ; there are several grounds for the definition to alter. The position of the typical atomic household is no longer the norm within society. Nowadays there are more households of divorce, stepfamilies, and drawn-out households, rich and hapless households. There is non a individual definition for what a household is ; people have their ain position of what a household is. There are many factors that make households different, such as ethnicity, faith, and economic sciences. Levine ( N.D ) suggests that households have three basic ends for the kids ; “ endurance, economic autonomy and self-actualization ” ( Enrique, et Al, 2007 )
Family construction and household operation can impact a kid ‘s development in many ways. Family construction is the manner in which a household is set up, for illustration, individual parent households, drawn-out households and atomic households. Family working refers to how household members are emotionally attached, how good they communicate emotions and information and respond to jobs ( Freistadt and Stohschein. 2012 ) .
Everyone has a different position of what household is and how households should be structured. “ Some make the premise that kids can merely be brought up successfully in a two-parent household construction affecting a heterosexual relationship. Others take the position that kids can work good in any household construction, provided certain basic conditions are met ” ( Wise, 2003 ) .
Harmonizing to Schaffer household construction plays less importance portion in a kid ‘s development than household operation.
“ The household is a societal system endorsed by jurisprudence and usage to take attention of its members ‘ demands ” ( Kepner, 1983 ) . The emotional bonding ‘s and relationships between the members of the household, and their duty to the household unit hold them together through the alterations of passages and the complicated connexions.
Family Systems Theory
Murray Bowen developed the household systems theory, he recognised that the household was an emotional unit and any alterations to the household working would act upon all members of the household. The household systems theory emerged from the general systems theory by bookmans who found that it had a batch of relevancy to households and other societal systems. hypertext transfer protocol: //web.pdx.edu/~cbcm/CFS410U/FamilySystemsTheory.pdf
The household systems theory refers to a household as a system in which each member can ne’er be considered in isolation without mention to the functions, duties and behaviors of other members of the household. The household is seen a dynamic unit harmonizing to the household systems theory. Changes are invariably happening and each member of the household takes on new functions and duties, and internal forms are adopted. The relationships between the persons in the household unit are common and invariably altering.
“ The household is an illustration of an on-going, self-acting, societal system that has certain characteristics – such as its alone structuring of gender and coevals – set it apart from other societal systems. Each household system has their ain construction, the psychobiological features of its single members, and its sociocultural and historic place in its larger environment ” ( Broderick, 1993, p37 ) .
The household as a system links all persons together and understands that things traveling on in the environment can act upon all persons even if non all of them are actively engaged, for illustration parents workplace. The household system theory recognises that little things can impact the household system, for illustration, the loss of a parent can impact the relationship the kid has with the other parent and/or siblings.
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.edpsycinteractive.org/papers/family.pdf
Harmonizing to Bowen each member of the household system has a functions and boundaries. Persons in the system are expected to prosecute with each other in a certain ways harmonizing to their function and their relationship with other members.
There are four chief rules of the household systems theory ; integrity, unity of subsystems, disk shape of influence and stableness and alteration. Wholeness refers the household as one unit nevertheless each member of the household have certain properties of their ain. Integrity of subsystems agencies that each relationship is a subsystem, for illustration ; mother and male parent relationship or female parent and kid relationship or frailty versa. Relationships between relationships are besides subsystems. Circularity of influences means that the subsystems and relationships depend on each other and if there is a alteration in one subsystem it has an impact on other systems. Stability and alteration refers to external influences that can impact the person or subsystems, for illustration parent ‘s workplace. “ The well-being of the kid, hence, can be conceived of as dependent upon the operation of elements of the full household system ( McKeown and Sweeny 2001: 6 )
Family systems are different in all households. Parental attitudes are of import in puting up an environment in which their kid can boom. Campion ( 1985 ) says that if a kid grows up in a stable and loving environment, the kid will normally develop a sense of self-respect and self-discipline. The kid understands what is expected of him and
However it can be argued that a kid who has been brought up in a household system where the parent ‘s attitudes lack adulthood, the kid is more likely non to boom in the environment and non understand what is expected of them, hence can non develop a sense of their ain competency.
Silene ( 1985 ) suggests that kids take on the functions, which have a map in their household system. It is believed that if kids see themselves as the disobedient one in the household puting, they may transport out their hard behaviors in school. Likewise a kid who is obedient may besides transport out this behaviour at school.
The ecological systems theory
Bronfenbrenner ‘s ecological systems theory provinces that the environment is reflected in an person ‘s development. Bronfenbrenner ‘s ecological attack refers to beds of environmental influences that impact an person ‘s development. The interactions with people and the environment are cardinal to development. This theory can use to persons at any phase of development.
The theory identifies five environmental systems in which the person interacts with ; microsystem, meosystem, exosystem, macrosystem and chronosystem.
The microsystem refers to each scene, which the person is an active participant, such as ; household, school, community, friends. This bed has the most immediate and earliest influences on the kid. The relationships in the microsystem can be bi-directional ; this means that the kid ‘s behaviors can be influenced by the household and frailty versa. The meosystem refers to the relationships between the scenes in the microsystem and the person ; an illustration of this would be the relationship between place and school. The exosystem refers to a scene or puting where an event happens, which affects or is affected by what happens in the scene that the developing individual is in. The kid is non an active participant in this system. The constructions in the exosystem can impact a kid ‘s development by interacting with the constructions in the microsystem, for illustration ; mother ‘s work topographic point can impact the sum of clip the female parent spends with the kid. Although the kid is non straight involved with the constructions in the exosystem, they do experience the positive and negative impacts that are involved with the interaction between the systems. The Macrosystem refers to the wider societal systems, for illustration ; authorities statute laws and economic factors. These things affect the kid indirectly nevertheless it has an impact on the developing kid ‘s life. An illustration of this could be that the kid ‘s household is populating in poorness therefore this can do societal exclusion and the kid might non hold entree to school trips or community play countries. The chronosystem refers to how things change over clip as it relates to the kid ‘s environment. There are assorted elements within this system that can be internal or external. An internal influence could be the physiological alterations that occur while the child gets older. An external influence could the timing of their parents acquiring a divorce. The older the single gets might impact how they react to environmental alterations and may be able understand how the alteration will act upon them.