The American Civil War Essay
The American Civil War has besides been called the War Between the States or the War of Rebellion or the War for Southern Independence. It was a clang between the United States of America or the Union and the Confederate States of America or the Confederacy. The Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865. There were many grounds for the eruption of this Civil War such as States’ rights and bondage. The rule cause for this War was strictly economic. The Southern provinces had ever tried to go independent because of the fact that the people and the province were going wealthier due to extended usage of slave labour.
These provinces feared a drastic decrease in their wealth if bondage were to be abolished ( Guisepi. 2002 ) . Subsequent to the election of Abraham Lincoln as president of the United States. the South became discerning as they felt that bondage would be abolished. consequently they started the civil war. On the 12th of April. 1861 the Confederate ground forces in Charleston. S. C. . started firing on Fort Sumter. which was held by the Union forces. This marked the beginning of belligerencies between the North and the South.
The Prima facie aim of the South was to derive independency and that of the North was to continue the unity of the Union. In the twelvemonth 1862. Abraham Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation and this constituted a major cause for the war. If the North emerged winning so bondage would be abolished and if the South had won the war so slavery would hold been protected in all the Confederate provinces ( Guisepi. 2002 ) . Economic disparities had been on the addition during the early 19th century.
More than 50 seven per cent of cotton exports from the US had originated in the South and this was chiefly due to the employment of slave labour. However. the North had acquired its wealth by set uping industries and as such the dwellers of the North were opposed to break one’s back labour. In order to get by with the demand for labour. the North encouraged in-migration. Therefore. there were a big figure of European immigrants who worked as labourers in industries and in the building of railroads in the North. The South was a dawdler every bit far as industrialisation was concerned and this forced them to import manufactured goods from the North.
The southern provinces opposed the overpowering revenue enhancements and duties on imported goods. which was the chief beginning of gross for the Federal authorities. The Federal authorities was unwilling to cut down the revenue enhancements since it had to back up assorted public assistance steps and supply substructure like roads. This led to a farther dissension between the North and the South ( Gallagher. 2005 ) . Initially. in the democracy there were sectional differences between the parts. which were overlooked. owing to the fact that the huge distances rendered communicating hard if non impossible.
The Northerners favored a cardinal authorities in order to enable them to build railwaies. roads. and substructure. protect complex trade involvements and thereby command the national currency. The Southerners. on the other manus. were non in favour of organizing a cardinal authorities since their dependance on the Federal authorities was much lesser. They besides believed that a cardinal authorities would forestall them from practising bondage. The US Constitution prohibits the federal authorities from interfering with bondage within the provinces.
Oppositions of bondage in the Northern provinces were limited to curtailing the usage of slaves and the spreading of bondage to other parts. This is borne out by the fact that in 1820. Missouri was admitted to the Union as a slave province whereas Maine was admitted as a free province to keep the balance in the Senate ( Gallagher. 2005 ) . In 1857. the Supreme Court of the United States added fuel to fire of mounting tensenesss by its judgement in the instance of Dred Scott. In that instance Scott a Missouri slave sought freedom on the footing that his maestro had taken him to populate in a free province.
The Court opined that Negroes were non citizens of the United States and that consequently Scott could non near the Court as he had no rights to make so. Furthermore. the Supreme Court ruled that the US Torahs forbiding bondage were unconstitutional. Subsequently. on the 16th of October 1859. John Brown a inmate of the Pottawatomie slaughter raided the Harpers Ferry. VA. in order to liberate the slaves and to promote them to get down a guerilla war against the Whites in the South. This incident shook the Southerners as they felt that it was the beginning of organized Northern attempts to get rid of bondage ( Guisepi. 2002 ) .
With the election of Abraham Lincoln as the President of the Union. the Southerners earnestly contemplated sezession from the Union and South Carolina was the first province to splinter from the Union. Other Southern provinces rapidly withdrew from the Union and these secessionists occupied many southern garrisons. The Artillery of the Confederates opened fire on Fort Sumter and this marked the beginning of the war ( Guisepi. 2002 ) . The Civil War had the doubtful differentiation of deciding the issue of sezession for good as has been borne out by the fact that since 1861. there have been no efforts by the provinces of the Union to splinter.
Another major alteration wrought by the Civil War was the abolishment of bondage. subsequent to the Emancipation Proclamation announced by Lincoln. However. the Civil War was unable to do the inkinesss the peers of the Whites and it was besides unsuccessful in emotionally reuniting the North and the South. as had been hoped by Abraham Lincoln.
Gallagher. G. ( 2005 ) . American Civil War. Microsoft® Encarta® 2006 [ DVD ] . Redmond. WA: Microsoft Corporation. Guisepi. R. ( 2002 ) . American Civil War. Retrieved June 23. 2007. from hypertext transfer protocol: //history-world. org/american_civil_war. htm