The 11 Systems of the Body and 14 Important Minerals in your Diet.


Integumentary System
Main Organs: SKIN
Function: Protects the body and prevents water loss

Muscular System
Main Organs: MUSCLES
Function: Movement of the, attached to bones

Skeletal System
Main Organs: BONES
Function: Support and protection of soft body parts


Nervous System
Main Organs: BRAIN, SPINAL CORD, NERVES
Function: Controls mental and bodily functions

Endocrine System
Main Organs: PANCREAS, PITUITARY GLAND
Function: Controls homeostasis by releasing hormones

Circulatory System
Main Organs: HEART, BLOOD VESSELS
Function: Transport of materials to and from body cells

Lymphatic System
Main Organs: SPLEEN, THYMUS, TONSILS
Function: Remove dead cells and foreign bodies from body fluids

Respiratory System
Main Organs: LUNGS, TRACHEA
Function: Exchange of gases between blood and the environment

Digestive System
Main Organs: STOMACH, SMALL INTESTINE
Function: Break down food for absorption into the blood

Urinary System
Main Organs: KIDNEYS, BLADDER
Function: Control of water balance and chemical makeup of blood

Reproductive System
Main Organs: TESTES, OVARIES
Function: Production of sex cells

Minerals
Inorganic substances that are involved in many of the bodys chemical reactions.
They are required in small amounts, yet your body MUST have them to maintain “good health” and to fight disease.
There are 14 important minerals in your diet.

Calcium
Use: This mineral helps with the formation of bones and teeth, blood clotting, and muscle and nerve functions.
Dietary Source: Dairy products, leafy green vegetables, nuts, whole grains.

Chlorine
Use: Fluid balance, pH balance
Dietary Source: Table salt

Cobalt
Use: Formation of red blood cells
Dietary Source: Meat, dairy products

Copper
Use: Development of red blood cells and respiratory enzymes
Dietary Source: Kidney, liver, beans, whole-meal flour, lentils, raisins

Fluorine
Use: Formation of bones and teeth
Dietary Source: Fluoridated water

Iodine
Use: Part of thyroid hormone
Dietary Source: Seafood, iodized table salt

Iron
Use: Part of hemoglobin and some enzymes
Dietary Source: Liver, egg yolk, peas, nuts, whole grains, red meat, raisins, leafy green vegetables

Magnesium
Use: Muscle and nerve functions, bone formation, breakdown of proteins and carbohydrates, enzyme function
Dietary Source: Potatoes, fruits, whole-grain cereal, vegetables, dairy products

Manganese
Use: Growth of cartilage and bone; breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
Dietary Source: Wheat germ, nuts, bran, leafy green vegetables

Phosphorus
Use: Bone formation, nerve function, regulation of blood pH, muscle contraction
Dietary Source: Milk, whole-grain cereal, meats, vegetables, nuts

Potassium
Use: Muscle and nerve function
Dietary Source: Grains, fruits, vegetables, ketchup

Sodium
Use: Muscle and nerve function, water balance, regulation of body fluid pH
Dietary Source: Table salt, bacon, butter, vegetables

Sulphur
Use: Builds hair, nails and skin; part of insulin
Dietary Source: Nuts, dried fruits, oatmeal, eggs, beans

Zinc
Use: Digestion, healing, taste, smell
Dietary Source: Liver, seafood