Teen Pregnancy in The Media – College
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Understanding the theories of persuasion. motive. and influence will set you in life’s driver’s place. Why? Because everything you want. or will desire. in life comes from these three simple constructs. The power of persuasion is of extraordinary and critical importance in today’s universe. About every human brush includes an effort to derive influence or to carry others to our manner of thought. Regardless of age. profession. faith. or philosophical beliefs. people are ever seeking to carry each other. One’s ability to carry meant great societal prestigiousness in the antediluvian Greek universe.
It was Aristotle who foremost introduced persuasion as a accomplishment that could be learned. The first book of all time written on persuasion was his The Art of Rhetoric. Aristotle taught that rhetoric was an art signifier that could be approached consistently by a expression for all persuasive efforts. Aristotle’s most celebrated part to persuasion was his three agencies of persuasion: ethos. poignancy. and logos. He argued that the most effectual persuasive efforts contain all three constructs. I apply these three constructs daily. whether I am pass oning with person or if I am watching Television or hearing to the wireless.
The media is ill-famed for utilizing ethos. poignancy. and logos when seeking to carry viewing audiences to either purchase something or to merely watch a new show. One show in peculiar that I was persuaded to watch is MTV’s 16 and Pregnant. In this undertaking I will speak about how shows like 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom use Aristotle’s constructs of ethos. poignancy. and Son in an effort to diminish adolescent gestation in America. I remember when I was in high school and Jamie Lynn Spears’ gestation was a lead narrative in the intelligence.
Her gestation was such a large trade because she was merely 16 at the clip and on top of that her sister was a pop star. I remember hearing so many negative remarks about her. which I found dramatic because where I come from I saw pregnant teens frequently. In fact. I’m the merchandise of a adolescent gestation. Ever since Jamie Lynn Spears’ gestation went public I have ever been interested in the adolescent gestation argument on whether or non adolescent gestation should be made public. With that being said. MTV’s shows 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom have been called one of the best public service runs to forestall adolescent gestation.
I decided to compose about the influence of 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom on social positions and tendencies. peculiarly because there’s an of import on-going public argument over whether or non these shows are romanticizing immature maternity. The dramatis personae members. every bit good as many high school misss in America. reject the thought that any equal would or should be covetous of a adolescent mom’s day-to-day battles. but there are those parents and instructors who worry that the girls’ presence in yellow journalisms will promote copycatting. MTV uses the art of persuasion to make out to their audience.
The show tries to stress that there is nil glamourous about losing the prom to remain place with a newborn babe or giving a high school instruction to raise a kid. Research by the National Campaign found that among teens that watch 16 and Pregnant. 82 per centum believe that show helps teens better understand the challenges of adolescent gestation and parentage and how to avoid it. Although the National Campaign seems to be a dependable beginning. I still question whether or non this show is efficaciously carrying our state.
The chief research inquiries for this undertaking are “How do shows like Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant usage ethos. poignancy. and logos to carry viewing audiences non to acquire pregnant as teens? ” I besides want to research if these schemes effectual at carrying teens and immature grownups. or make these shows glamorize adolescent gestation. I will analyse the show from a rhetorical position. I want to cognize if MTV manufacturers are in fact romanticizing adolescent gestation or are they utilizing their credibleness to make consciousness. MTV has a long history taking sexual wellness issues head-on through runs such as docudrama shows.
These shows are good put together. logical. and they use reliable footage to prosecute poignancy in runs. I plan on replying the inquiries I have about this national subject by carry oning a study and researching other national studies that have been done. I would wish to carry on a study amongst my equals on campus to roll up informations to see if I have similar consequences as the National Campaign. I besides plan on looking at scholarly diaries written by high school instructors and college professors. High school instructors are in contact with these pupils every twenty-four hours and I feel that their sentiments and reviews are believable.
I know that carry oning my ain study and reexamining scholarly diaries will assist steer me to replying the research inquiries that I have. Many of us wonder why we behave in the manner we do. or why we say the things we do. Although many of us impute our beliefs and thoughts to parental or peer influence. the most important theoretical accounts and wise mans for most striplings as they develop may. in fact. be characters or “celebreality” depicted through popular telecasting plans. Throughout our young person. we are often exposed to telecasting.
We watch it for amusement. instruction. or merely to relieve ennui. As we watch. we internalize many of its messages and images and larn from what we see. Many immature kids dress up and move out functions of their favourite Disney characters. However. there are immature kids now who want to play the functions of adolescent mas from MTV’s Teen Mom show. I late witnessed my two younger cousins. ages nine and eleven. “act” like they were adolescent mas by seting to little pillows in their shirts and proceeded to name each other “Maci” and “Farrah” .
When They ab initio put the pillows in their shirts. I had no thought what they were making. nevertheless. when they called each other those names. I instantly knew what they were making. It was so unexpected and caught me off guard. and made me inquiry: foremost. why the heck are these babes watching Teen Mom ; And secondly. is this how immature misss are “playing” now? Although some may see this as simple playday. how much of the messages from telecasting remain with kids as they grow?
Television shows such as Teen Mom or 16 and Pregnant depict the “real” life. sometimes reasoning with the all excessively familiar. “happily of all time after. ” Do these shows set unachievable existent life outlooks for the spectator? Such telecasting shows highlight minutes of involvement. go forthing out intricate inside informations sing emotions and relationships between the adolescent mas and their state of affairs. MTV edits theses shows to picture what they want the audience to see and believe what is traveling on. but everything is non shown.
The episodes are 30 proceedingss long. and life is much more complex and elaborate. Media representations of life are confounding for many viewing audiences. When we observe telecasting stars acting in a peculiar manner. we assume that comparable actions in our lives will ensue in similar effects. The Neilson Company reported that telecasting ingestion in the United States in the 2008- 2009 season reached an all clip high. Americans spend about four hours and 49 proceedingss watching telecasting every twenty-four hours ( Media Literacy Clearinghouse. 2009 ) .
Spending this much clip watching telecasting is bound to impact us. When telecasting plans begin to impact our behaviours more profoundly does the influence of our parents or instructors. it is clip to take a deeper expression into this phenomenon and detect its existent deductions. Throughout this survey. I will discourse the usage of persuasion in telecasting shows such as Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant. This survey will concentrate on the effects of ethos. poignancy. and Sons used by MTV. and how their persuasion is impacting today’s young person by aerating these plans.
In this subdivision I am traveling to sketch the theories steering my inquiries. y. Cultivation Analysis Theory examines the relationship between extent of telecasting screening and construct of world. The theory is based on work developed by George Gerbner which began in the 1970’s. The more people see false representations of life and relationships on telecasting. the more they accept it as world. Viewing audiences will accordingly believe in a greater incidence of the overrepresented portraitures. which will later impact their behaviour ( Eisend. 2006 ) .
Cultivation theory explains the importance of viewers’ thoughtful scrutiny of media messages before accepting them as truth. The influence of media representations of world is powerful in the development of ego image and universe apprehension. In relation to the turning figure of adolescent gestation. recent surveies show that the sum of sexual content on telecasting has been considerable and increasing over the old ages ( Eyal & A ; Finnerty. 2009 ) . Television and media messages contribute significantly to individuals’ ideas and behaviours.
It comes as no surprise to see that. “research has established that exposure to sexual content in amusement scheduling can lend to a immature person’s sexual socialisation and that striplings turn to magazines and telecasting as cardinal beginnings of information about sex and contraception” ( Eyal & A ; Finnerty. 2009 ) . These surveies have discovered that sexual behaviour depicted on telecasting typically occurs between single persons and that many of the hazards related to this behaviour ( like unplanned gestation ) are seldom seen as effects ( Eyal & A ; Finnerty. 2009 ) .
As stated antecedently. when these actions are rewarded or justified ( on shows such as Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant ) . persons. specifically teens. will be more likely to prosecute in the behaviour themselves. One of the most by and large recognized theories used to explicate the influence of media on persons is societal cognitive theory. Although there is some argument sing the full influence of the media on viewing audiences. it is known that worlds learn from observation. Harmonizing to Albert Bandura. things people experience in their environments affect their behaviour and values.
When they see behavior that is rewarded or praised. they are likely to exhibit the behaviour themselves through operant acquisition ( Bandura. 1994 ) . It has been questioned repeatedly if MTV’s shows Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant romanticize adolescent gestation or are they utilizing persuasive techniques to act upon immature viewing audiences to do safe sex determinations. However. Bandura suggests that if we witness a peculiar behaviour on telecasting. we are likely to copy that behaviour in our ain lives. When teens watch these telecasting shows. they are influenced to either copy the behaviour or learn from it.
MTV’s intent of 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom is to carry immature viewing audiences that adolescent gestation is non a fairytale life. but yet MTV shows an emended version of these pregnant teens’ day-to-day life. After the teens’ narratives are told on 16 and Pregnant. their lives are followed on Teen Mom where they normally have a house. a auto. and what teens want the most: freedom. When adolescents watch this show. yes they are seeing some adversities of being a parent at a immature age. but they are besides seeing that the teens on the show are “grown” and are doing it with a kid more than fighting.
However. the younger viewing audiences are unmindful to fact that these teens are acquiring paid from being on the show. and that is the money that they are utilizing to populate more comfy on Teen Mom than they were on 16 and Pregnant. Older teens realize that these misss on telecasting are being paid. so they can comprehend acquiring pregnant as a adolescent and being on one of these shows as an mercantile establishment to acquire money. ignoring the fact that they will hold a kid. Television has the ability to pattern the beliefs of persons due to the state of affairss and characters’ believed similarities to existent life.
Through the imitation of and designation with people on telecasting. viewing audiences exhibit behavior similar to the characters in their ain lives. While watching telecasting plans. viewing audiences learn about through societal knowledge. Another theory that aims to depict the consequence of media on immature viewing audiences is the early window theory. This theory examines how kids are allowed to see the universe and its assorted facets before they possess the accomplishment set to adequately understand and move in it.
Harmonizing to this theory. kids learn at early ages about gender functions and their map within society. Not merely are kids exposed to assorted portraitures of world. but these portraitures can “encourage outlooks of others… Portrayals in telecasting and other media of extremely attractive individuals may promote dissatisfaction [ with ] or lowered ratings of attraction of those of the pertinent sex in existent life” ( Comstock. 1991 ) . These portraitures can act upon the behaviour of kids sing personal organic structure image and the image of others’ organic structures as good.
The early window seeks to explicate the deductions of telecasting on the lives of vernal viewing audiences. In relation to the narrative I shared about my two younger cousins. kids may non usually be exposed to certain experiences or emotions. but because of telecasting during the clip of growing. kids are shown elements of world meant for their ulterior old ages. My cousins know what it means to be pregnant. a babe is inside of a woman’s tummy. How the babe got there is still questionable to them. However. they are unsighted to the contention about to adolescent gestation.
In their eyes. an 17 or 18 twelvemonth old is grown. which why they did non understand why I told them to halt mocking Maci and Farrah. During their young person. they are exposed to telecasting shows like Teen Mom and 16 and pregnant. and they are exposed to adult state of affairss and emotions that no kid or adolescent should hold to witness. or better yet understand. at an early age. Small research has been conducted to better understand how media might besides hold positive effects by. for illustration. diminishing hazardous sexual behaviour and advancing healthier determinations among teens.
Given that teens’ usage of media has increased over the past decennary. and that the sum of sexual content in the media has besides increased. it is sensible to research whether Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant might be used to assist forestall adolescent gestation. My research inquiry asks. how do shows like Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant usage ethos. poignancy and Son to carry viewing audiences non to acquire pregnant as teens? I conducted a study to measure if these schemes. like MTV shows. are effectual at carrying teens and immature grownups.
My study was composed of 10 inquiries. Five out of the 10 inquiries were context inquiries. and five inquiries were demographic inquiries. A sum of 10 teens participated and completed the study. The mean age of the participants was 15. 6 old ages. runing from 13 to 18 old ages old. All of the participants were female ( 100 % ) . Five of the participants were Caucasic and five were African American. Six out of the 10 of the participants reported holding had sex. Two of the participants are adolescent female parents.
My study was designed to larn more about how watching and discoursing episodes of Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant influences teens’ perceptual experiences of acquiring pregnant and going a parent at a immature age. My consequences besides shed visible radiation on teens’ perceptual experiences of the shows Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant. in peculiar. and their positions about how media might act upon teens’ determinations about sex more by and large. Television and other media entirely do non do. and can non forestall. adolescent gestation. However. amusement media can make 1000000s of teens with of import messages about adolescent gestation.
It is necessary to see that there is a differentiation between this study I conducted. which attempts to understand teens’ positions about adolescent gestation as a consequence of watching MTV’s Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant—versus an impact rating of a bar plan whose exclusive intent is to cut down adolescent gestation. While grounds based adolescent gestation bar plans are guided by specific theories and have the expressed end of altering behaviour to cut down hazard of adolescent gestation. telecasting shows such as Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant are created for amusement with the end of pulling viewing audiences and maintaining them engaged.
The teens in this survey enjoyed watching and discoursing the 16 and Pregnant episodes and thought that the show was realistic. Neither the male childs nor misss who watched the episodes wanted to copy the teens in the episodes they watched. In fact. about all of my adolescent participants ( 93 % ) that watched the show agreed ( 53 % strongly agreed ) with the statement: “I learned that adolescent parentage is harder than I imagined from these episodes. ” When asked if these shows glamorized adolescent gestation five ( 50 % ) of my participants strongly disagreed. two ( 20 % ) disagreed. and three ( 30 % ) selected impersonal.
As I stated before. some of society believe that these shows “glamorizes” adolescent gestation. the findings from this study demo my adolescent participants do non portion that position. In add-on. teens that proverb and discussed the episodes reported that they enjoyed watching and speaking about the show and that they learned something new from making so. The more they liked it. the more likely they were to hold negative positions about adolescent gestation. Teenss were eager to urge the show to others ; 90 % of participants agreed ( 60 % of those strongly agreed ) with the statement: “I think all adolescents should watch a show like this.
” Many ( 80 % ) said they would urge that friends participate in the treatment. excessively. The consequences of this study support the thought that teens are interested in watching and discoursing world telecasting shows about adolescent gestation. and that messages about the worlds of adolescent gestation and parenting in these shows can act upon teens’ attitudes about the challenges of adolescent parentage. Given the popularity of these shows. their messages clearly reach a big figure of teens. Although I collected plentifulness of utile informations. there were some restrictions to my study. First. I merely surveyed female participants.
It would hold been interesting to hold male sentiments with this study to analyse if they shared the same attitudes about these shows as my female participants did. MTV is a cosmopolitan telecasting station that has a female and male demographic. Unlike Lifetime and Oxygen. channels that have a bulk of female viewing audiences. MTV marks male and female viewing audiences and it could be probably that many males watch this show because they enjoy watching MTV in general. Second. my study merely consisted of teenage participants. Initially. I wanted to study adolescents and high school instructors.
High school instructors are in contact with teens mundane and would hold a believable sentiment. However. I decided to merely inquire adolescents because I wanted to maintain the focal point on them. This subject as a whole is about adolescent gestation so I wanted to cognize how adolescents felt about these shows and if they thought these shows glamorized adolescent gestation. The last restriction is that my study inquiries did non truly discourse what teens learned and could hold been better. My study asked inquiries that produced replies about their attitudes toward the show. but it did non inquire inquiries in respects to what they specifically learned.
I asked my participants if they felt the show glamorized adolescent gestation. nevertheless my study was constructed on a Likert-Type Scale so they merely had the option of on choosing one of the followers: “Strongly Agree. Agree. Neutral. Disagree. or Strongly Disagree. ” It would hold been a good thought to go forth that inquiry unfastened and inquire them to explicate their reply that manner I could hold collected informations about what they learned specifically and why precisely they thought that these shows did or did non romanticize adolescent gestation.
Initially I hypothesized that these shows glamorize adolescent gestation. and the shows would increase teens’ desire to desire to go pregnant because these shows edit out some of the battles. However. I seem to be incorrect based on my study consequences. About all of my participants either have watched these shows. and a small over half of them said they learned that parentage is harder than they thought after watching these shows. When presented with the statement that the shows glamorize adolescent gestation seven out of my 10 participants disagreed. and the other three participants selected the impersonal pick.
That concludes that more than half of my participants have opposing positions from what I hypothesized. Although three of the participants chose “neutral” as their reply they did non to the full agree or disagree with the statement. Therefore. a bulk of the participants proved my hypothesis to be incorrect. My hypothesis may hold been wrong. but my research inquiry about how do shows like Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant utilizations ethos. poignancy. and logos to carry viewing audiences still remains. Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant. let teens to see what the duty of holding a babe is.
It shows the lives of four misss who got pregnant at age 16. Many of them struggle non merely with their gestation. but besides with the credence of the parents or even their ain fellow. The manner and the linguistic communication they use are really realistic doing the series even more interesting to teens these yearss. The show gets its point of position out by doing the viewing audiences. largely adolescent misss. experience what the misss in the show are experiencing. utilizing ethos. poignancy and logos really good. Ethos means to convert an audience of the speaker’s credibleness or character.
Adolescent Mom and 16 and Pregnant usage ethos to demo the immature audience that the show is a believable beginning and is deserving listening excessively. For illustration. the show frequently takes topographic point in a infirmary. evidently. and physicians are shown giving the adolescent parents medical advice and expertness. This establishes credibleness to the viewing audiences because physicians are associated with being smart which would do them believable. theoretically. I noticed from watching the shows that they will present the physicians and what hospital the physicians pattern at. I feel like they present where the physician patterns to do the state of affairss even more believable.
Ethos can be developed by taking linguistic communication that is appropriate for the audience and subject ( besides means taking proper degree of vocabulary ) . sounding just or indifferent. introducing expertness. and by utilizing right grammar. The physicians use simple linguistic communication for the adolescent mas and viewing audiences to understand. they besides tell it “straight wish it is” to the immature parents about any hazards or complications ( sounding unbiased and just ) . and they besides speak eloquently and utilize right grammar. all to lend credibleness and entreaty to the audience.
Once these shows prove their credibleness. the audience is more likely to develop an emotional connexion to the misss on these shows. Pathos means to carry an audience by appealing to their emotions. Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant usage poignancy to arouse understanding from an audience ; to acquire them to experience what the misss on the show feel. A common usage of poignancy would be to pull commiseration from an audience. For illustration. one of the teens on this show. Farrah. lost her fellow in a clang while she was pregnant.
Farrah is portrayed on the show as the miss fighting emotionally because her baby’s male parent is non at that place to back up her during her gestation like the other misss on the show. Farrah has her household that supports her. but she doesn’t have her fellow. The decease of her fellow is the emotional entreaty to link with the immature audience. Teens value their fellows. sometimes a little more than their households at that age. So when immature viewing audiences see that she doesn’t have her fellow around any longer. they feel sad and commiseration her because covering with a boyfriend’s decease as a adolescent is merely as oculus gap as covering with gestation at an early age.
The show edits Farrah’s episodes to truly stress the fact that she has to raise her girl on her ain. but receives a batch of support from her household. Another usage of poignancy would be to animate choler from an audience. possibly in order to motivate action. Pathos is the Grecian word for both “suffering” and “experience. ” I saw a batch of this usage of poignancy in Caitlyn’s episodes. Caitlyn and her fellow decided to put their girl up for acceptance. They are the lone twosome on the show to make this. The show edits Caitlyn’s episodes to picture her experience of transporting her babe. choosing an adopted
household. giving birth. and the emotional agony she has after she gives her babe off. Although Caitlyn’s experience and agony would appeal to the audience’s emotions to experience commiseration. I can besides see how it could animate choler from the audience. There is no uncertainty in my head that there are some teens that have negative positions about acceptance because many teens don’t understand acceptance and merely think of it as “giving your babe off to aliens. ” However. there may be some teens that have ethical motives and spiritual beliefs that make them negatively view acceptance.
Acerate leaf to state. Caitlyn giving her babe off could trip inquiries amongst some immature viewing audiences like. “Why would she give her pamper away? ? I would ne’er make that! ” Many of times. an ill-educated head would inquire inquiries like this because they are incognizant of statistics and logical logical thinking to certain actions. Logos means to convert an audience by usage of logic or ground. To utilize Sons would be to mention facts and statistics. historical and actual analogies. and mentioning certain governments on a topic. In Caitlyn’s instance. MTV allows her to portion on the show why she decided to give her girl up for acceptance.
She explains that she is populating in an unstable family that she does non desire her girl to turn up in. After each episode. MTV besides provides statistics on teenage gestation in the United States. and how many teens follow through with the acceptance option. I besides observed while watching 16 and Pregnant that MTV makes a witting attempt to specify nomenclature on the screen for the viewing audiences. Some of the teens on the show will hold an extradural during their bringing or their kid would be born with icterus. and footings like “epidural” and “jaundice” would look on the screen with short. easy to read definitions.
I’m non certain if MTV does this to frighten teens or if they do this to inform them so they will hold a better apprehension of what is traveling on. Logos can be developed by utilizing advanced and abstract linguistic communication. mentioning facts ( which is really of import in my sentiment ) . and by building logical statements. Harmonizing to Aristotle. rhetoric is the ability. in each peculiar instance. to see the available agencies of persuasion. He described three types of rhetorical entreaty: ethos. poignancy. and Sons.
In order for shows like 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom to be effectual schemes to diminish adolescent gestation. MTV manufacturers needed to understand these three footings. Judging by my study consequences. these manufacturers are knowing and understand that the proper usage of ethos. poignancy and Son is necessary. The media is ill-famed for utilizing ethos. poignancy. and logos when seeking to carry viewing audiences to either purchase something or to merely watch a new show. I was persuaded to watch MTV’s Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant when I was in high school.
I merely wanted to cognize more about the persuasive entreaties these shows used and if these shows glamorized adolescent gestation. This undertaking allowed me to research Aristotle’s construct of ethos. poignancy. and logos. and how these shows are effectual schemes to carry immature viewing audiences non to go pregnant. My chief research inquiries for this research undertaking was “How do shows like Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant usage ethos. poignancy. and logos to carry viewing audiences non to acquire pregnant? ” And “Are these shows effectual schemes for carrying teens and immature grownups?
” I hypothesized that these shows glamorize adolescent gestation. and I wanted to foster my research to larn more about this controversial subject. I ab initio planned on building a study and reexamining scholarly diaries sing theories to assist steer me to replying my research inquiries. I began my research by placing theories that would assist me near this subject. I created my theoretical model utilizing three theories that I selected based on their political orientations of the media’s influence on behaviours. Media representations of life are confounding for many viewing audiences.
When we observe telecasting stars acting in a peculiar manner. we assume that comparable actions in our lives will ensue in similar effects. With that being said. my theoretical model focused on Cultivation Analysis. Social Cognitive Theory. and the Early Window Theory. Cultivation Analysis Theory examines the relationship between extent of telecasting screening and construct of world. In relation to the turning figure of adolescent gestations. recent surveies show that the sum of sexual content on telecasting has been considerable and increasing over the old ages ( Eyal & A ; Finnerty. 2009 ) .
Television and media messages contribute significantly to individuals’ ideas and behaviours. I was able to use this theory to my research because I wanted to do a logical statement that when teens see these immature mas on Television populating a fancy life ( having a house. having a auto. partying. dating. etc. ) that they would believe that they could hold a similar life. This theory allowed me to demo that teens could easy misinterpret the written state of affairss go oning on Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant as a world. I besides learned that one of the most by and large recognized theories used to explicate the influence of media on
persons is Social Cognitive Theory. Harmonizing to Albert Bandura. when people see behavior that is rewarded or praised. they are likely to exhibit the behaviour themselves through operant acquisition. I selected this theory to turn out my hypothesis that if immature viewing audiences of these shows watched these misss develop a fancy life from 16 and Pregnant to Teen Mom so they would see this as the misss being praised and would be more likely to copy behaviours to have these wagess. which in this instance would necessitate gestation in order to have the same “praise” .
Although there is some argument sing the full influence of the media on viewing audiences. it is known that worlds learn from observation. This theory besides provided penetration to the possible consequences of my research inquiry that asks how these shows use ethos. poignancy. and logos to carry immature viewing audiences. As stated. worlds learn through observation. so being able to witness these adolescent parents’ experience on the show and to hear their narratives has more possible to carry them to acquire pregnant or non depending on how they observe the show.
The last theory that I used for my theoretical model was the Early Window Theory. Harmonizing to this theory. kids are allowed to see the universe and its assorted facets before they possess the accomplishment set to adequately understand and move in it. I decided to utilize this theory as portion of my model because I wanted to analyse the effects these shows have in respects to exposing adolescents to “adult situations” ( like gestation ) . Teenagers get to a certain point where they are funny about sex and have inquiries. That is normal.
However. these shows are docudramas about immature parents who are sing holding a kid out of marriage and in some instances have complications with their birth or have to worry approximately traveling to tribunal for child support. These docudramas are shown on MTV. which is a telecasting channel geared towards a immature audience. This immature audience is exposed to these docudramas about gestation. and if they watch them so they are given the chance to larn about an facet of life that they should non be exposed to or worried about until they are older and are able to adequately understand it all.
After developing my theoretical model. I began to use my methods for roll uping informations. I constructed a study of 10 inquiries. I surveyed ten female participants runing in age from 13-18. I experienced restrictions with my study. like I merely surveyed females and I merely surveyed adolescents. The biggest restriction of my study was that my inquiries were non the best. Based on my inquiries and the responses that I received I was unable to happen out what precisely teens learned from the show.
However. I did happen out my adolescent participants’ attitudes towards these shows and how these shows influence their attitudes. My study consequences besides proved my hypothesis that these shows glamorize adolescent gestation to be incorrect. More than half of my study participants disagreed that these shows glamorize adolescent gestation. I was ab initio surprised by the information I received from the study. However. after giving my consequences deep idea. I have concluded that my consequences make sense. Why would teens experience that the show glamorizes adolescent gestation?
When I consider the thoughts from my theoretical model about how the media influences people’s construct of world and that people learn through observation. I can safely presume that teens might believe that these misss on the show are populating a normal life. Again. one of the ruins of my study is that I merely surveyed adolescent misss and my consequences reflected that. MTV shows the adolescent mas fighting sometimes. and other times they are populating what seems to be a normal life. However. the battle doesn’t out reflect the normalcy.
Although I did non have the consequences I wanted. the consequences I did analyze made sense sing my theoretical research and the age and gender demographics of my study participants. In decision. this undertaking as a whole helped me understand the art of persuasion in relation to the media. Shows like Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant efficaciously use ethos. waies and Sons to act upon teens’ attitudes about gestation. My study consequences reflect this effectivity. and my teenage participants said they learned that parentage is harder than they thought from watching these shows ; and I agree.
The misss on these shows are non ready to hold babes. They go through a batch of hurting and besides they get to lose out on high school memories. Bing a ma is non an easy occupation for anyone. Many teens have at hazard gestations because the organic structure is non developed to transport a babe. MTV produces persuasive entreaties on Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant to turn to certain facts and discourse how of import it is for teens to understand the effects of adolescent gestation. Mentions Cosmstock. G. ( 1991 ) . Television and the American Child. San Diego Academic. Bandura. A. ( 1994 ) . Social Cognitive Theory of Mass Communication.
Hillside: In J. Bryant and D. Zillman Gerbner. G. ( 1998 ) . Cultivation Analysis: An Overview. Mass Communication & A ; Society. 175-194. Eisend. M. ( 2006 ) . The influence of Television sing on consumers’ organic structure images and related ingestion behaviour. Springer Science + Business Media. 101-116 Eyal. K. . & A ; Finnerty. K. ( 2009 ) . The Portrayal of Sexual Intercourse on Television: How. Who. and With What Consequence? Mass Communication and Society. 143-170. Media Literacy Clearinghouse. ( 2009 ) . Media Use Statistics. Retrieved November 2009. from the Media Literacy Clearinghouse: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. frankwbaker. com/mediause. htm