TAKS Cell Help Flashcard

Eukaryote
Cells with a defined nuclear envelope
Cytoskeleton
Structure of the cell
Vacuole
Multiple storage compartments found in cells
Chloroplast
Has its own DNA and is used by plants to produce chemical energy
Mitochondria
Used to convert sugar into chemical energy (ATP)
Plant Cell
Cell with a cell wall and autotrophic contains chloroplast
Animal cell
Cell with a plasma membrane, heterotroph
Osmosis
Movement of water across a membrane by diffusion
Lysosome
Organelle filled with enzymes used to digest warn out cell parts
Meiosis
The creation of haploid cells
Nucleus
Control center of the cell.
Homeostasis
A constant balancing of a cell’s substances
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction
Mitosis
A process in which the nucleus is divided into two nuclei
Photosynthesis
A reaction that requires carbon dioxide, water and light energy as its reactants
Golgi Body
Packages and redistgributes chemicals within the cell
Cell Membrane
Outer flexible membrane of animal cells
Asexual Reproduction
A single organism has the ability to reproduce
Sexual reproduction
Requires a mate to reproduce
Smooth ER
Lipids are produced here
Central Vacuole
Main storage of water in plants
Centriole
Located near nucleus until needed for cell division
Nucleolus
Cell structure that contains RNA and proteins
Gamete
Sex cells
DNA
contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and some viruses
Ribosome
Site of protein synthesis

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member