Evolution

Evolution – Explanatory Theories Ii

Evolution : Explanatory Theories TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS WALLACE’S CONTRIBUTIONS HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN DARWIN’S INFLUENCES METHODS OF SCIENTIFIC DEDUCTION LIMITS TO DARWIN’S THEORY MORPHOLOGICAL ; BIOLOGICAL CONCEPTS BIO-EVOLUTION: POPULATION vs. INDIVIDUALS MECHANISMS FOR GENETIC VARIATION GENETIC VARIATION AND SPECIATION DARWIN’S FINCHES […]

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Shankara`s and Mimasma`s Theories

As Shankara seeks to interpret our world phenomenon within the meaning of the theory of illusory perceptions, he considers very carefully the aspect of errors in perception, all the more, an explanation for these errors, presented by other Indian philosophy schools, which makes the creed of Advaita unconvincing. The followers of Mimamsa completely ignore the […]

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Learning Theories

Radical Behaviorism Radical behaviorism is a philosophy that uses the experimental analysis in order to describe behavior. It was developed by psychologist known as Skinner. He tried to explain human behavior scientifically using physiological studies that were available at that time. He concluded that every action of organism was the result of behavior. The theory […]

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Effective Management Theories

I am writing this memo to inform you that everyone able to manage any organization through employing effective management theories. Within this business organization, we must focus on managing our finances, career, time, and employee relations. The above mentioned areas of managements should be fostered by all members within any given organization. Most importantly, when […]

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Theories of Learning

Learning theories are the abstract frameworks that describe the way in which information is usually absorbed, developed, and stored when a person is learning. Normally, different people have different learning habits and these theories revolve around these habits. There are several learning theories including the sensory stimulation theory, the reinforcement theory, the holistic learning theory, […]

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The Goal Setting Theories

The goal setting theory looks in to the need to set goals that leads to achievement. This include the direction in whatever we undertake, for us to have a sense of direction, we have to make an achievement we have to make goals that are clear, they can easily be understood and therefore one can […]

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Theories of Personality Testing

Most personality tests are based on theories of personality and having an understanding of these theories is important for those in management especially in the selection and recruitment processes. Further, to be able to complete a personality test without feeling frustrated and to ensure that the testing process is not misleading it is imperative that […]

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Social Contract Theories

Compare and contrast the ‘social contract theories’ of Thomas Hobbes and John Rawls. Which theory is more persuasive? Be sure to explain what Rawls means by ‘the original position,’ and the ‘veil of ignorance,’ and why those concepts do not figure in Hobbes’ theory. Social Contract Theory holds that the only consideration that makes actions […]

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Summarise two learning theories

Summarise two recognized learning theories and explain their relevance to forest school. A learning theory can be defined as being a set of concepts which attempt to describe how people learn and develop (Dunn, 2000). Behaviourism. This theory takes an objective approach to observing quantifiable events and behaviour and has a focus on measurable outcomes. […]

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Describe theories managers can use

A person’s actions and behavior is always governed by some personal desire or need that has to be fulfilled. A person finds employment and work because it is what society expects us to do, but to choose what profession to take and to practice or even what company to work for is decided on the […]

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Depression – Biological and Psychological theories on Female predisposition

I.INTRODUCTION Depression is symptom of mood disorder characterized by intense feelings of loss, sadness, hopelessness, failure, and rejection. The two major types of mood disorder are unipolar disorder, also called major depression, and bipolar disorder, whose sufferers are termed manic-depressive. (Wolpert, 2000) The diagnosis of depression is based on its symptoms. The criteria for the […]

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Dependency and Modernization Theories and Global Economic Structures

Socio-Political and Economic Structures have dictated man’s way of life since trade was first established. Throughout the centuries, as technology evolved, certain inequities concerning wealth and the quality of life developed, reflected in class distinctions, and, on a larger scale, contrasts between ‘Developed,’ or ‘First World’ nations, and ‘Developing’ or ‘Third World’ nations. Over the […]

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Deontological and teleological theories

Ethical systems can be categorized into: three groups i. e. deo ntological, teleological and ethics. The first two can be regarded as deontic theories of morality due to the fact that they focus only upon the actions of a person. Teleological theory involves the judgment of actions on morality rights depending on their consequences. With […]

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Taylorism and Motivation theory

The commonly approved theories which are used at the organizations nowadays are becoming out of date. A lot of drawbacks can be found in each of them nowadays. The main point is that they are too tight and are concentrated commonly on “dry” employee money motivation , no real cooperation and no mutual trust between […]

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The Validity of Scientific Theories

A scientific  in Rudolf Carnap’s position is an “interpreted axiomatic formal system” (Murzi 2). In science, the formation of laws involves first, the division of facts into observables and non-observables. Observational language contains only logical and observational statements; theoretical language contains logical and theoretical statements and rules of correspondence. The distinction between observational and theoretical […]

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Decisions according to Utilitarian or Deontological Ethics

Both the utilitarian and deontological theories of ethics have different draws for the individual moral agent. On the one hand, utilitarian ethics emphasizes the consequences of actions with respect to achieving a personal good such as happiness and therefore puts forward a quite functional ethic in a pluralistic society: the good is namely that which […]

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Theories on Human Needs in Organization

Probably psychologist Abraham Maslow’s proposed the best known theory of human needs in organizations (as citied by Baron and Greenberg, 1995). Maslow believes that people, in general, have five basic categories of needs that are achieved in as specific order: physiological, safety, social, esteem and self-actualization needs. This means that once the most fundamental of […]

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Theories of Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber

The main difference between the theories of Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber is that they each dealt in a different process to develop their theories. Marx dealt in conflict theory. Durkheim dealt in functionalist theory and Weber dealt in interpretative and organizational sociology. Comparison of Sociologies of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max […]

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Alternative Social Work Project Theories

The juvenile justice system has been facing various social problems and injustices.  This has led to the need to use of different theories to ensure that there is prevention of these social problems and injustices.

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