Hungary Between Former Soviet Union and the European Union

With the demise of Communist governments throughout the area of Soviet hegemony, new regimes have undertaken the privatization of many sectors of the region’s economies and political systems. The new changes faces numerous obstacles, some universal and some unique to the practice of law. While the problems plaguing other sectors of these privatizing economies have […]

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Why did industrialisation depend on agriculture in the USSR

1. “Why did industrialisation depend on agriculture in the USSR?” Industrialisation in the USSR relied on agriculture through the trade economy factor. To industrialise a country as huge as Russia vast financial resources needed to be utilised however Russia did not have the ready cash to cope with the demands. The middle classes had collapsed […]

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What were the reasons for Detente 1962-1979

The start of détente in 1962 was triggered by the Cuban Missile Crisis. Here, U2 spy planes from the USA spotted nuclear missile sites and freight ships carrying nuclear missiles from the USSR to Cuba. These missiles would be in striking range to the majority of the USA. Russia pulled back just in time after […]

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“The Party Faithful”

‘The Party Faithful’ (Kopelev, 1977) is a personal account of Soviet communism during the 1930s and 40s by Lev Kopelev. Kopelev was a Major in the Red Army during the Second World War before his supposedly bourgeois views on communism landed him in a Soviet labour camp in 1945. This was a time of crises […]

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Why did the USSR collapse

At one time the USSR was the greatest state in the world. Historians argue till now about why it has disappeared. Was the USSR’s collapse intentionally arranged or it should have happened? Did the USSR collapse because it was disorganized or did the USSR destroy itself? Everyone has an opinion in this case, but the […]

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Clarify the nature of ‘terror’

Rarely is Soviet Russia under Stalin referred to without it conjuring up images of a repressed state with mass terror. Thoughts of secret police, show trials, concentration camps and the great purges are all a prerequisite for the study of Russia under the totalitarian leader, but what it is also necessary to do in order […]

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To What Extent was Collectivisation an Economic and Political Disaster

Whether or not Stalin’s collectivisation was a complete disaster or not is a difficult question to answer. There are many issues and factors that come into play and further the causes of some of the downfalls are unclear. It is important to look at the consequences for the peasants, the workers, Russia itself and for […]

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How far was military defeat responsible for the fall of the Tsar in Feb 1917

By 1917 Russia had been at War for three years and the strains on the both the army and the country itself were becoming more and more established as time went on and people were beginning to question the Tsar’s rule. Previous to 1917 the Tsar had suffered many setbacks as ruler of Russia. The […]

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A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Communism at its worst

In the former Soviet Union, the concept of an individual was lost through communist theory and Stalin’s unyielding power. Stalin accomplished this by having control of the media, laws, the government and even people’s minds. Stalin followed the Marxist guidelines to communism and created a faceless nation. These conditions in the Soviet work camps magnify […]

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How Stalin maintained his control over the Russian people

Stalin maintained leadership in the USSR in many ways. The events of the 1930s left Stalin as the unchallenged leader of the Soviet Union. Stalin had destroyed all opponents or political opponents in the ‘Great Terror’ or anybody who was a possible threat to him. He maintained control, by holding complete power of Work practices. […]

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