Plato

Plato

Philosopher. According to sources, Plato was born on or around May 21, 427 (or 428) B.C. in Athens, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian aristocratic ancestry. He lived his whole life in Athens, although he traveled to Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions, and one story says he traveled to Egypt. […]

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Allegory of the Cave by Plato

The philosopher Plato was the first to state about uniform, circular and regular movement of celestial bodies. In his works, we meet for the first time the planets named after the gods completely conterminous with Babylon. Plato was the first to formulate a problem for mathematicians: to find by means of what uniform and regular […]

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Plato’s Theory of Forms

Various definitions on forms existed before, but Plato dug deeper than the definitions to question what form was. He argued that what he knows and what is known must exist in the same way. If there is a change then there would nothing to know and no one to know. He supposes that an object […]

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Analyse Plato’s views on belief and knowledge, and how he distinguished between the two

A belief is a thought and often faith in a particular subject or thing in this world. Knowledge is a certain, universal fact that is supported by research and evidence. For instance, it is my personal belief that the existence of a God is a definite; however my view is not accepted, and is doubted […]

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What Plato and Aristotle had to Say: Equality and Self-Realization

Plato lived from 427-347 BC. He was born into a wealthy household where he was a student of Socrates. During his lifetime, he was heavily influenced by Socrates. As a student of Socrates, Plato lived in a society where old customs ruled the land and questioning the legitimacy of the God’s was forbidden, punishable by […]

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Plato’s Republic vs Locke’s ‘A letter concerning toleration’

While reading both Plato’s Republic and John Locke’s A Letter Concerning Toleration, it is impossible not to notice the frustrations that each writer has experienced within their respective societies. Both are clearly aggravated with the way religion and religious ideals affect their governments. Although their works are hundreds of years apart, similarities can be found […]

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The body/soul distinction is a myth derived from philosophers such as Plato

To understand the distinction that many philosophers make between body and soul, it is foremost important to define what exactly they both are. Both segments of the being can be seen to exhibit specific characteristics that make them identifiable as what we call ‘body’ and ‘soul’. The majority of the world population would define ‘body’ […]

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Plato’s Allegory Of The Cave

Plato’s theories about reality involve the allegory, in which Plato expresses something of his beliefs about learning, and his beliefs about the relation between the world of appearances and the world of Reality. Plato suggests that there was a difference between intellectual knowledge, gained through reason, and the knowledge gained through using the senses. He […]

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A coherent account of Plato’s concept of the body/soul distinction

A: Plato believed that humans could be broken down into 3 parts: the body, the mind and the soul. The body is the physical part of the body that is only concerned with the material world, and through which we are able to experience the world we live in. it wants to experience self-gratification. It […]

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Plato’s simile of the cave

This essay will assess the simile of the cave by concluding whether the simile is strong in explaining society, both the way it is now and the ideology of it, with philosophers ruling, it will also decide whether it would be right to implement such a society. The simile of the cave is a story […]

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Compare, Contrast, and Evaluate Plato and Aristotle on human Well-being

Plato’s ethics concerning well-being arise from the end of the discussion on justice where Thrasymachus articulates that justice is in fact merely a social contract whereby people agree not to inflict harm on others in return for not being harmed. Out of this rises the question well if this is all justice is, if it […]

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Plato and Nietzsche on Authority

Nietzsche and Plato have many similarities in their discussion of political philosophy. Both dislike and hold contempt for democracy, and both favour a meritocratically chosen elite holding authority. There are even many similarities between the characteristics that they require in the group. However, there are differences too. Nietzsche doesn’t outline a strict theory of authority, […]

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Plato’s republic shocked the world

The philosopher Plato lived from 488-348BC. He was Greek and an Athenian. Although he himself was of noble descent, in Athens, there was a democratic government. Plato himself despised democracy – it had been a mentor that had executed his mentor, Socrates. He describes it in the Republic as a ‘great beast’.As he sees democratic […]

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Plato’s use of the metaphor of shadows in his Allegory of the Cave

Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is about understanding what true reality is, and how it differs from what we perceive as reality. It starts off with describing prisoners, who have been chained since their childhood deep inside a cave; not only can they not move their arms and legs, but their heads are chained in […]

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Simile of the Cave

Simile of the Cave, also known as The Allegory of the Cave is from Book VII of The Republic, written by Plato in 360 B. C. Here Plato uses the analogy of a cave to put forth his beliefs and concepts on knowledge and learning. According to Kelly Ross, ???The most enduring image of the […]

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Discussion And Critique Of Platos Six Facets Of His Utopian Society

Plato’s exhaustive treatment of the theme of justice in “The Republic” s articulated by Socrates results not only in the probing of metaphysical and philosophical themes, but in the theoretical construction of the ideal society, envisioned as a great city during the symposium where “The Republic” takes place. The primary focus point of the structure […]

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Plato And Socrates

This paper will discuss several of Plato’s writings such as The Apology, Phaedo, Crito, etc. The paper will be in part an analysis and in part a presentation of the philosophy of Plato through is writings as well as his writings in accordance with Socrates’ philosophy. The movement of Plato’s thinking is revealed in The […]

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Plato’s Social Political Philosophy

What makes a good society or a good individual? According to Plato, the virtues of justice, wisdom, courage, and moderation are necessary to make a good society. Since Plato’s perspective is exemplified in today’s society and in many other works of fiction, we can derive that there is convincing argument for Plato’s view. Before we […]

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Socrates in Apology and Crito

“The irreverent, disobedient Socrates of the Apology is inconsistent with the Socrates of the Crito. ” Construct an argument supporting or refuting this claim. Be sure to incorporate textual evidence. In Plato’s Apology, Socrates comes off as a defiant and disobedient man with little respect for his accusers and even for the jurors on whom […]

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Plato Aristotle Comparison

Justice is the topic which has been the main subject of most philosophers; a quick definition for justice could be the quality of being fair and reasonable. A lot of philosophers have written on this subject and have had debates. Two of the most significant ones are Plato and Aristotle, who are two leading figures […]

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