Philosopher. According to sources, Plato was born on or around May 21, 427 (or 428) B.C. in Athens, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian aristocratic ancestry. He lived his whole life in Athens, although he traveled to Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions, and one story says he traveled to Egypt. […]

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Allegory of the Cave by Plato

The philosopher Plato was the first to state about uniform, circular and regular movement of celestial bodies. In his works, we meet for the first time the planets named after the gods completely conterminous with Babylon. Plato was the first to formulate a problem for mathematicians: to find by means of what uniform and regular […]

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Plato’s Theory of Forms

Various definitions on forms existed before, but Plato dug deeper than the definitions to question what form was. He argued that what he knows and what is known must exist in the same way. If there is a change then there would nothing to know and no one to know. He supposes that an object […]

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Plato’s Allegory

Plato’s images of the soul as described above as: a rational soul (intellect), the spirited soul (will) and the appetitive soul (emotional). From this three, he justifies that it is a disadvantage to oneself to be unjust since the three souls must perform/function in harmony for a common good as a whole. The Allegory of […]

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Plato and Socrates

If it is concluded after a serious reflection that the war which we have been engaged in is unjust, the advice that Socrates might give us is that compensatory justice should be enforced. That is, we should compensate, give benefits, to the persons (in country that we were fighting with) who have suffered underserved hardships […]

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Aristotle’s Critique of Plato

The arts are seen to play a positive role in the lives of many people. Across cultures, times, places, and class-divisions, people sing, dance, decorate, enact, represent, narrate, and express, in conventionalized ways, to audiences who enjoy and participate in these activities, and often care about them deeply. It seems natural, if not highly informative, […]

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Analyse Plato’s views on belief and knowledge, and how he distinguished between the two

A belief is a thought and often faith in a particular subject or thing in this world. Knowledge is a certain, universal fact that is supported by research and evidence. For instance, it is my personal belief that the existence of a God is a definite; however my view is not accepted, and is doubted […]

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Plato’s dualistic theory

It is important to acknowledge that Plato’s theory is defined as ‘dualistic’ because it incorporates the use of thinking from the perspective of a second dimension, in order to understand the purpose and nature of reality. In addition, in order to explore this concept, it is imperative to make reference to the ‘Realm of the […]

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What Plato and Aristotle had to Say: Equality and Self-Realization

Plato lived from 427-347 BC. He was born into a wealthy household where he was a student of Socrates. During his lifetime, he was heavily influenced by Socrates. As a student of Socrates, Plato lived in a society where old customs ruled the land and questioning the legitimacy of the God’s was forbidden, punishable by […]

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Plato’s Republic vs Locke’s ‘A letter concerning toleration’

While reading both Plato’s Republic and John Locke’s A Letter Concerning Toleration, it is impossible not to notice the frustrations that each writer has experienced within their respective societies. Both are clearly aggravated with the way religion and religious ideals affect their governments. Although their works are hundreds of years apart, similarities can be found […]

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