Narrative Styles In Poe, Melville, Hawthorne

narrative styles in Melvilles Bartleby, Poes Arthur Gordon Pym, and Hawthornes The House of Seven Gables. How all three authors utilize a conversational tone for the function of their work. In works by three of the most classically American authors of the nineteenth century, Melville, Poe, and Hawthorne, a trait that can be considered common […]

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Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave

The book “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave” is an autobiography that talks about human civil rights. The narrative is a real life story of the writer, and it was published in 1845 after the writer had managed to escape from slavery. Frederick Douglass was born in Maryland, where the story […]

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Ideology and the Cinema

First, it should be noted that every film is political, at least inasmuch as it is determined by the ideology that produces it (or within which it is produced, which stems from the same thing). The cinema is all the more thoroughly and completely determined, according to critics, because unlike other arts or ideological systems […]

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Language and Style – Prose Analysis

The extract suggests that the main protagonist is situated in a powerless position. For example the pronouns used ‘I’ sit straight in the chair’, ‘I’ feel like my feet in my flat red shoes aren’t quite touching the floor’ imply the obedience of a child. The language used shows the position of subordination combined with […]

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Cleopatra: A Biography Book Review

The life story of Cleopatra is one which has become increasingly embellished throughout history. To some, the Elizabeth Taylor version of her is enough to satisfy any and all curiosity. For others, however, it is events like those portrayed in that movie which create a deeper desire to know who she really was during her […]

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Theories of how gender may influence music have developed

Men would not have insisted that creativity is a male prerogative unless men were afraid that women’s creations would be taken seriously. 1 While sex is a biological given, gender and sexuality are culturally and socially constructed. It is important to distinguish between the terms ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ as theories of sex, gender and sexual […]

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What was new about Modernist literature

As Ezra Pound maintained, the objective of modernist literature was to ‘make it new’ (Pound; 1934). However, one cannot perceive a definition of such a large literary movement, without, in the post-structuralist manner, by defining its binary definition; realism. Realism was a traditional, non-experimental form of writing which can be characterised by its ‘chronological plots, […]

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Top Girls by Caryl Churchill

Top Girls by Caryl Churchill dramatises contemporary life in 1980s Britain depicting a time of change and shifting priorities and expectations as far as women were concerned within society. The period was characterised by Britain’s first female Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Yet unlike the country’s political agenda, Theatre was not driven by a female force. […]

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Comparisons seen in Euripedes’ Medea and Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea

Euripedes’ Medea and Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea are set in immensely different surroundings and cultures, written over 2,000 years apart. Yet they both challenged the conventions of their genre, and have striking similarities in the way they considered themes of injustices in society, questioning conventional values through the careful exploitation of the traditions and conventions […]

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TS Elliot’s The Wast Land: metaphors and metonymy

Metonymy doesn’t substitute like metaphor something like the thing that is meant for the thing itself, but substitutes some attribute or cause or effect of the thing for the thing itself. As an elaborate and repetitive device, it fulfils two functions in modernist poems. It depicts a fragmentation of perception – which it in part […]

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Consider the proposition that Dr Iannis

‘Captain Corelli’s Mandolin’ is ultimately a triangulated love story, about a woman, Pelagia, who is stranded between two men, Dr. Iannis and Captain Corelli. Dr. Iannis and Captain Corelli have completely different trajectories through the experience of war; however both are transformed by war. It might be argued that either of these two men are […]

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Jesus of Nazareth

The world has never been the same since the birth of one man, Jesus of Nazareth. Very little is known of Jesus’ earlier family existence, particularly of his parents, Mary and Joseph. Interestingly, only two of the four canonical Gospels recount Jesus’ family origins before he began his teachings. The Gospel of Mark, believed by […]

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Lawrence Norfolk In the Shape of a Boar

Asked about his novels, Lawrence Norfolk can give you either a very short answer or a very long one. While promoting the book last year Norfolk was quoted as having described his debut novel, Lempriere’s Dictionary, as “a 500-page book about a dead dictionary writer with no sex in it”. His second novel The Pope’s […]

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The role of the shaman: similarities and differences

Human societies, in different contexts and at different times, have produced a number of traditional healers whose roles and functions largely overlap. In this paper, drawing on various literature sources, I will argue that the role of the shaman or traditional healer bears striking similarities with that of helping professionals in the Western world, particularly […]

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The journey in Conrads Heart of Darkness enables him to frame his narrative

Conrad’s works had a diverse variety of subjects and settings owing to the direct consequence of his life as an explorer. According to G. Jean-Aubrey, Conrad’s work and life got amalgamated to a great extent and it is his journey to the Congo in 1890 which gave birth to the three major works including Heart […]

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Frankenstein Report

In Frankenstein the reader is faced with confused happenings concerning the quest for identity. The novel relies heavily on more than one literary genre to create this. Events in a realist novel are normally linear allowing the reader to identify both cause & effect. Regularly the story will be told through an omniscient narrator or […]

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Why Should One Study Ancient/Classical Greek And Roman Warfare

Ancient, Classical Greek and Roman warfare should be studied as warfare has always been a common part of life as it has always has been. To understand modern warfare and revolutions in military affairs or even the current political situations, a background in ancient warfare can help explain many factors as the connection is axiomatic […]

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Stephen King’s “Misery” and Fay Weldon’s “The Life and Loves of a She Devil”

The two novels, Stephen King’s “Misery” and Fay Weldon’s “The Life and Loves of a She Devil”, belong to the genres of horror and romance. The distinct style in which the novels are written are recognised by the reader by identifying the several familiar conventions of each of the genres. There are different classifications of […]

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What is gender

Gender and identity can be applied to many written texts, as a way of analysing or criticising it. Gender is often seen as images of women, images of men or images of the difference between the two. In literature as in society, women are often represented in different ways to men, despite the obvious dependency […]

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Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

The years preceding the American Civil War were rife with tensions between the South and the North. The abolitionist movement was gaining popularity, and slaveholders were being increasingly criticised. A number of slaves who had managed to escape their masters were writing autobiographies, denouncing the treatment to which they were submitted. One of them was […]

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‘My Place’ by Sally Morgan

– Area of study: Inner Journey – Explore the ways in which the text depicts journeys of the mind and spirit. Inner journeys involve the exploration of the self, as individuals review their growth and development in the light of experiences which challenge and inspire them. – An inner journey can be defined as a […]

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Lorca’s The House of Bernarda Alba

Federico Garcia Lorca (1898-1936) belongs to that class of Spanish poets and artists (e. g. , Dali, Picasso) that came to prominence in the inter-war period. If their antecedents in the latter years of the 19th century retain a sometimes wry perspective of the human condition – Ibsen plays, even in their darkest moments, retain […]

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