Linguistic

Noam Chomsky

1. Who is Noam Chomsky? He is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, and political activist. He is an Institute Professor and professor emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He elaborated on these ideas in 1957’s Syntactic Structures, which then laid the groundwork for the concept of transformational grammar. Chomsky’s social criticism […]

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Historical Background and Application

The term “Received Pronunciation” (RP) has in the course of this century come to designate-at least among linguists and EFL teachers-the British English style of pronunciation that carries the highest overt prestige. It’s generally agreed that it has long lost all associations with its regional origin (London and the south–east of England) and is now […]

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The Sapir Whorf Hypothesis

Within linguistic theory, two extreme positions concerning the relationship between language and thought are commonly referred to as ‘mould theories’ and ‘cloak theories’. Mould theories represent language as ‘a mould in terms of which thought categories are cast’ (Bruner et al. 1956, p. 11). Cloak theories represent the view that ‘language is a cloak conforming […]

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