African American gay rights

I cannot begin to argue about African American/Hispanic LGBT, living in New York City and their civil rights without remembering the public outcry against black civil rights. Although the focus of this paper is on African American/Hispanic LGBT living in New York City and Their Rights to Marriage I have decided to start my paper […]

Unmarried and Single Parent African American Women in the US

According to the US Census Bureau report of the year 2010, the total of American population was 301,237,703 (US Census Bureau, 2010). African Americans account for 12.7 percent of the American population (approximately 30 million people). In the year 2000, African Americans accounted for 14.8 percent of the American population. Many African Americans live in […]

How united were African Americans in the struggle for Civil Rights in the period 1865-1980

The American Civil War lasted from 1861-65 and was between the North Unionists states against the South Confederate states. One of the key reasons behind the war was the emancipation of slaves. It was not until after the war that many African-Americans realised what they could demand for. This was due to the years of […]

To what extent were the years 1880 – 1917 decades

When Lincoln issued the Emancipation proclamation in 1863, African Americans believed they were on the road to equality and freedom, as they were now liberated and free of their slave owners. However, not even the African Americans themselves could have foreseen the challenges that would face them during the years up to 1917. Legislation change […]

Civil Rights: an Exorcism

“Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever! ” (Alabama Dept. of Archives and History Digital Collections). Governor George Wallace said this at his 1963 Inaugural address In Alabama. Even though slavery was abolished by the 13th amendment, inequality between blacks and whites was still evident throughout the 60s. segregation is the separation between races. Segregation was […]

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois

Civil war In the USA between the industrial North and the agrarian slaveholding South became 1861-1865 a turning point In the American history. The period of a post-war emptiness and fatigue came to change the innocent optimism of the young democratic nation. The American idealism continued to develop, but its orientation changed. If before the […]

Arican America History

Finally being free from slavery of the hard ships of not being claimed as human beings but as property that endured in harsh whippings as punishment and being sold from their families enduring harsh whippings, no pay, no rights, and could not own guns or really anything of that manner. With the help of Abraham […]

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study

In 1932, there was a study that was given in Macon County, Alabama by the health department. The study was given to underprivileged African American men who were informed that they have bad blood disease. The health department offered these men health care without being charged to treat their rare blood disorder because by this […]

A Qualitative Ethnographic Study of Barriers Experienced

Alexander, Traci (2010). Roots of Leadership: Analysis of the Narratives from African American Women Leaders in Higher Education. The International Journal of Learning. 193-204. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Alexander includes an intriguing analysis of her personal accounts and experiences during her academic career. She also includes more pitfalls other African American women come across when they […]

Michelle Alexander

Michelle Alexander depicts the grim reality for many young African American men in today’s society in her book the New Jim Crow. The harsh reality for many of them is that they will never be able to fully participate in mainstream society and receive the benefits and basic rights that are taken for granted by […]

African American Limitations

Even after the Civil War was over African Americans were not treated as citizens. There were so many different types of limitations, which went along with their freedom. For instance, there were social limitations, political limitations and also economic limitations. When Black Codes were crated that was the beginning of all the different limitations. Some […]

Platform Adopted by the National Negro Committee

In the passage “Fannie Lou Hamer, Voting Rights in Mississippi”, it shows the reader just how imperative the civil rights movement was for the progression of African Americans in the United States. Blacks were treated like second class citizens, discriminated against at work, on buses, and in almost all public places. The hardships that plagued […]

Narrative of Frederick Douglass and Invisible Man

Work conditions for African Americans have not always been favorable and supportive for the integration of the race in a white predominant society. I will be analyzing the Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass and the novel Invisible Man. Both books were written at different times in history, one during slavery and the other […]

The Question of Freedom and the Road to Reconstruction

Following the Civil War, African Americans were faced with a redefined landscape based on principles of liberty that had previously excluded them. This ugly historical fact was bound to be at the forefront of institutional change. With this analysis, I will show how Mr. Garrison Frazier framed the argument for a new freedom to be […]

Alice Walker’s Themes of Womanism, Community, and Regeneration

Alice Walker’s Themes of Womanism, Community, and Regeneration Alice Walker is considered one of the most influential African American writers of the 20th century, because of her raw portrayal of African American struggles and the injustices towards black women. She was the first African American female novelist to win both the Pulitzer Prize and the […]

The African-American Image in Films

Films serve many functions like education, entertainment, handbooks of social behavior, and a transmitter of cultural and social values. The most effective way in which stereotypes are perpetuated in America is through the mediums of film and television. American films mostly played an influential part in fixing images of ethnic groups in the minds of […]

Cathy Williams: Buffalo Soldier

The United States of America will always be known as the land of the free and the brave. Its history attests to this assertion and the marked and unmarked graves of its fallen heroes are more than enough proof to the unwavering spirit of its people – ready to do whatever it takes to make […]

Manufacturing Mammies: The Burdens of Service Work and Welfare Reform among Battered Black Women

In the article “Manufacturing Mammies: The Burdens of Service Work and Welfare Reform among Battered Black Women” Dana-Ain Davis discusses the impact of welfare reform and economic restructuring on well-being of African-American women in the USA. The author argues that contemporary welfare reform is supported by conservative policy and it aims at helping the poor […]

Understanding African-American Clients

One of the most predominant minority groups in the United States is the African-American minority group. It is for this reason that this chapter was written by the authors in order for counselors involved in multicultural counseling to be able to fully comprehend how to counsel African-American clients. I firmly agree with the authors when […]

Race and gender

For a very long time there has been marriage that crosses ethnic lines. More recently in our history of the United States, the number of marriages that occur that involve two different nationalities has increased to a large degree. This can be explained from a sociological perspective. White, Latinos and Asian-Americans are statistically intermarrying to […]


No one likes being humiliated. It is a horrifying experience and people will do anything avoid it. Most would wear a mask while smiling “with torn and bleeding hearts” (Dunbar 4). There are people who act the ironic way of portraying what is truly inside in order to hide the emotions that seemed to be […]

Some Have Good Intentions

The 1960s marked the start of a new era in the American history, introducing one of the greatest victories over racism, the civil rights act. The civil rights act shined a new sun over the nation as a whole and over the African American community in specific, as it abolished segregation and discrimination in public […]

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