Sustainability Definition Essay

essay A

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals.

Get Access

emrgnc Defining¬†Sustainability¬†‚ÄstA¬†Hundred¬†Perspectives Sustainability¬†as¬†an¬†emergent¬†concept¬†reveals¬†deep¬†concerns¬†about¬†fundamental¬† values¬†and¬†our¬†own¬†continued¬†existence. While¬†each¬†person? s¬†definition¬†of¬† sustainability¬†is¬†seen¬†to¬†be¬†the¬†most¬†relevant,¬†the¬†question¬†is¬†a¬†universal¬†one¬†and¬† common¬†to¬†all. Whether¬†our¬†definition¬†of¬†sustainability¬†is¬†anthropocentric,¬†biocentric,¬†egocentric,¬† ecocentric,¬†econocentric,¬†sociocentric,¬†worldcentric¬†or¬†perhaps¬†simply¬†personally¬† eccentric,¬†they¬†are¬†all¬†valid.

Collected¬†here¬†is¬†a¬†retrospective¬†look¬†at¬†over¬†one¬†hundred¬†perspectives¬†from¬†an¬† evolving¬†list¬†of¬†thousands¬†of¬†definitions¬†of¬†sustainability,¬†reflecting¬†the¬†different¬† conceptualizations¬†and¬†applications¬†of¬†this¬†emergent¬†concept. Sustainability¬†is¬†‚Ķ 1. ‚ÄúSustainability¬†‚Ästn. the¬†property¬†of¬†being¬†sustainable‚Ä̬†‚ÄstPrinceton¬† University¬† ¬† 2. ?Sustainable¬†development¬†seeks¬†to¬†meet¬†the¬†needs¬†and¬†aspirations¬†of¬†the¬† present¬†without¬†compromising¬†the¬†ability¬†to¬†meet¬†those¬†of¬†the¬†future? ?¬† World¬†Commission¬†on¬†Environment¬†and¬†Development¬†(page¬†40:¬†1987)¬† ¬† 3. Sustainable¬†development¬†is¬†development¬†that¬†meets¬†the¬†needs¬†of¬†the¬† present¬†without¬†compromising¬†the¬†ability¬†of¬†future¬†generations¬†to¬†meet¬† their¬†own¬†needs. It¬†contains¬†two¬†key¬†concepts:¬†the¬†concept¬†of¬†? needs? ,¬†in¬† particular¬†the¬†essential¬†needs¬†of¬†the¬†world? s¬†poor,¬†to¬†which¬†overriding¬† priority¬†should¬†be¬†given;¬†and¬†the¬†idea¬†of¬†limitations¬†imposed¬†by¬†the¬†state¬†of¬† technology¬†and¬†social¬†organisation¬†on¬†the¬†environment? s¬†ability¬†to¬†meet¬† present¬†and¬†future¬†needs.? ?¬†World¬†Commission¬†on¬†Environment¬†and¬† Development¬†(page¬†43:¬†1987)¬† ¬† 4. Ecological¬†sustainable¬†development¬†is¬†using,¬†conserving¬†and¬†enhancing¬† the¬†community? s¬†resources¬†so¬†that¬†ecological¬†processes,¬†on¬†which¬†life¬† emrgnc 2003 emrgnc depends,¬†are¬†maintained,¬†and¬†the¬†total¬†quality¬†of¬†life,¬†now¬†and¬†in¬†the¬† future,¬†can¬†be¬†increased. ‚Ä̬†¬†National¬†Strategy¬†for¬†Ecological¬†Sustainable¬† Development¬†(Australia)¬† ¬† 5. ‚ÄúSustainable¬†development¬†is¬†base¬†d¬†on¬†the¬†principle¬†that¬†the¬†right¬†to¬† development¬†must¬†be¬†fulfilled¬†so¬†as¬†to¬†equitably¬†meet¬†developmental¬†and¬† environmental¬†needs¬†of¬†present¬†and¬†future¬†generations.? ¬†1992¬†Rio¬†Earth¬† Summit¬†¬† ¬† 6. ?Output¬†Rule:¬†Waste¬†emissions¬†should¬†be¬†within¬†the¬†assimilative¬†capacity¬† of¬†the¬†environment¬†to¬†absorb¬†without¬†unacceptable¬†degradation¬†of¬†its¬† future¬†waste? absorptive¬†capacity¬†or¬†other¬†important¬†services. Input¬†Rules:¬† a)¬†Renewables:¬†harvest¬†rates¬†of¬†renewable¬†resources¬†should¬†be¬†within¬†the¬† regenerative¬†capacity¬†of¬†the¬†ecosystem. b)¬†Non? renewables:¬†depletion¬†rates¬† should¬†be¬†equal¬†to¬†the¬†rate¬†at¬†which¬†renewable¬†substitutes¬†can¬†be¬† developed¬†and¬†deployed.? ?¬†Daly,¬†in¬†Photiades,¬†1998¬† ¬† 7. Sustainability¬†is¬†a¬†means¬†of¬†configuring¬†civilization¬†and¬†human¬†activity¬†so¬† that¬†society¬†and¬†its¬†members¬†are¬†able¬†to¬†meet¬†their¬†needs¬†and¬†express¬†their¬† greatest¬†potential¬†in¬†the¬†present,¬†while¬†preserving¬†biodiversity¬†and¬†natural¬† ecosystems,¬†and¬†planning¬†and¬†acting¬†for¬†the¬†ability¬†to¬†maintain¬†these¬†ideals¬† indefinitely.?? World¬†IQ¬† ¬† 8. ?Sustainability¬†means¬†using,¬†developing¬†and¬†protecting¬†resources¬†at¬†a¬†rate¬† and¬†in¬†a¬†manner¬†that¬†enables¬†people¬†to¬†meet¬†their¬†current¬†needs¬†and¬†also¬† provides¬†that¬†future¬†generations¬†can¬†meet¬†their¬†own¬†needs,¬†… simultaneously¬†meeting¬†environmental,¬†economic¬†and¬†community¬†needs.? ¬†¬†State¬†of¬†Oregon¬† ¬† 9. ?Sustainability¬†means¬†living¬†within¬†the¬†resources¬†of¬†the¬†planet¬†without¬† damaging¬†the¬†environment¬†now¬†or¬†within¬†the¬†future. It¬†also¬†means¬†having¬† an¬†economic¬†system¬†that¬†provides¬†a¬†genuine¬†quality¬†of¬†life,¬†rather¬†than¬† depending¬†on¬†increased¬†consumption.? ?¬†West¬†London¬†Friends¬†of¬†the¬†Earth¬† ¬† 10. ?Sustainability¬†is¬†a¬†relationship¬†between¬†dynamic¬†cultural,¬†economic,¬†and¬† biophysical¬†systems¬†associated¬†across¬†the¬†landscape¬†such¬†that¬†quality¬†of¬† life¬†for¬†humans¬†continues¬†?? both¬†for¬†individuals¬†and¬†cultures. It¬†is¬†a¬† relationship¬†in¬†which¬†the¬†effects¬†of¬†human¬†activities¬†do¬†not¬†threaten¬†the¬† emrgnc 2003 mrgnc integrity¬†of¬†the¬†self? organizing¬†systems¬†that¬†provide¬†the¬†context¬†for¬†these¬† activities. An¬†ecosystem¬†has¬†integrity¬†if¬†it¬†retains¬†its¬†complexity¬†and¬† capacity¬†for¬†self? organization¬†(arguably¬†its¬†health)¬†and¬†sufficient¬†diversity,¬† within¬†its¬†structures¬†and¬†functions,¬†to¬†maintain¬†the¬†ecosystem? s¬†self? organizing¬†complexity¬†through¬†time.? ?¬†Eco? Watch¬†(Iverson,¬†CornettT)¬† ¬† 11. ?Living¬†on¬†the¬†earth? s¬†income¬†rather¬†than¬†eroding¬†its¬†capital. It¬†means¬† keeping¬†the¬†consumption¬†of¬†renewable¬†natural¬†resources¬†within¬†the¬†limits¬† of¬†their¬†replenishment. It¬†means¬†handing¬†down¬†to¬†successive¬†generations¬† not¬†only¬†man? ade¬†wealth,¬†but¬†also¬†natural¬†wealth,¬†such¬†as¬†clean¬†and¬† adequate¬†water¬†supplies,¬†good¬†arable¬†land,¬†a¬†wealth¬†of¬†wildlife,¬†and¬†ample¬† forests?? The¬†United¬†Kingdom? s¬†Sustainable¬†Development¬†Strategy¬†¬† ¬† 12. ‚ÄúSustainability¬†is¬†defined¬†as¬†meeting¬†the¬†needs¬†of¬†current¬†and¬†future¬† generations¬†through¬†simultaneous¬†environmental,¬†social¬†and¬†economic¬† improvement. ‚Ä̬†? State¬†Sustainability¬†Strategy¬†(Western¬†Australia)¬† ¬† 13. ‚ÄúThe¬†principle¬†of¬†ensuring¬†that¬†our¬†actions¬†today¬†do¬†not¬†limit¬†the¬†range¬†of,¬† social,¬†environmental¬†and¬†economic¬†options¬†open¬†to¬†future¬†generations.? ?¬† Maroochy¬†Shire¬† ¬† 14. Sustainability¬†is¬†the¬†economic¬†and¬†social¬†changes¬†that¬†promote¬†human¬† prosperity¬†and¬†quality¬†of¬†life¬†without¬†causing¬†ecological¬†or¬†social¬†damage. It¬†is¬†a¬†new¬†way¬†of¬†thinking¬†about¬†an¬†age? old¬†concern:¬†ensuring¬†that¬†our¬† children¬†and¬†grandchildren¬†inherit¬†a¬†tomorrow¬†that¬†is¬†at¬†least¬†as¬†good¬†as¬† today,¬†preferably¬†better. We¬†want¬†to¬†make¬†sure¬†that¬†the¬†way¬†we¬†live¬†our¬† lives¬†is¬†sustainable¬†? that¬†it¬†can¬†continue¬†and¬†keep¬†improving¬†for¬†a¬†long,¬† long¬†time. ‚Ä̬†? City¬†of¬†Seattle¬†¬† ¬† 15. ?But¬†in¬†its¬†fullest¬†sense,¬†sustainability¬†involves¬†a¬†balance¬†of¬†economic,¬† environmental,¬†and¬†social¬†concerns¬†considered¬†over¬†the¬†long¬†term.? ¬† Columbia¬†University¬†Biosphere¬†2¬† ¬† 16. ‚ÄúA¬†primary¬†goal¬†of¬†sustainable¬†development¬†is¬†to¬†achieve¬†a¬†reasonable¬† (however¬†defined)¬†level¬†of¬†fairly¬†distributed¬†economic¬†well? being¬†that¬†can¬† be¬†maintained¬†for¬†many¬†human¬†generations¬†? Goodland,¬†R. and¬†Ledoc,¬†G. (1987)¬†¬† ¬† emrgnc 2003 emrgnc 17. ‚ÄúSustainable¬†development¬†means¬†the¬†will¬†to¬†follow¬†a¬†rational¬†approach¬†to¬† economic¬†policies;¬†to¬†show¬†respect¬†for¬†future¬†generations¬†by¬†integrating¬† concern¬†for¬†environmental¬†protection¬†into¬†decision? making;¬†and¬† progressively¬†to¬†evolve¬†towards¬†the¬†full¬†participation¬†of¬†all¬†concerned¬† actors. ¬†? Barboza,¬†N. (2000)¬†¬† ¬† 18. ‚ÄúThe¬†simplest¬†definition¬†of¬†a¬†sustainable¬†activity¬†is¬†that¬†it¬†can¬†be¬†continued¬† for¬†the¬†foreseeable¬†future. And¬†this¬†has¬†at¬†least¬†three¬†dimensions:¬†it¬†means¬† not¬†unreasonably¬†depleting¬†natural¬†resources,¬†not¬†producing¬†waste¬† products¬†that¬†significantly¬†alter¬†natural¬†systems,¬†and¬†not¬†undermining¬† social¬†stability. ‚Ä̬†Lowe,¬†I. (1990)¬†¬† ¬† 19. ‚ÄúSustainable¬†development¬†means:¬† ¬† 1. ensuring¬†self? sustaining¬†improvements¬†in¬†productivity¬†and¬†quality¬†of¬† life¬†of¬†communities¬†and¬†societies;¬†¬†¬† 2. nsuring¬†that¬†production¬†processes¬†do¬†not¬†overexploit¬†the¬†natural¬† resource¬†base¬†and¬†compromise¬†the¬†quality¬†of¬†the¬†environment,¬†thus¬† limiting¬†the¬†options¬†of¬†the¬†poor,¬†the¬†present¬†and¬†future¬†generations;¬†and¬†¬†¬† 3. ensuring¬†that¬†people¬†have¬†basic¬†human¬†rights¬†and¬†freedoms¬†to¬† participate¬†societies. ‚ÄĚ? Singh,¬†N. and¬†Titi,¬†V. (1995)¬†¬† ¬† 20. ‚ÄúSustainability¬†means¬†creating¬†a¬†world¬†in¬†which¬†we¬†have:¬† 1)¬† A¬†positive¬†ecological¬†and¬†sociological¬†footprint¬†(meaning¬†we¬†leave¬† behind¬†wetlands,¬†not¬†toxic¬†waste¬†dumps;¬†healthy,¬†developmentally¬† appropriate¬†educational¬†systems,¬†not¬†ineffective¬†relics¬†from¬†the¬† Victorian¬†era)¬† ¬† 2)¬† Cross? ectoral¬†coordination¬†amongst¬†the¬†public¬†and¬†private¬†sectors¬† to¬†nurture¬†global¬†economic¬†development¬†and¬†growth¬†(not¬†physical¬† growth,¬†but¬†in¬†standard¬†of¬†living)¬†to¬†occur¬†within¬†our¬†ecological¬† limits,¬†while¬†delivering¬†social¬†justice¬† ¬† 3)¬† An¬†alignment¬†of¬†the¬†different¬†levels¬†of¬†our¬†individual¬†and¬†collective¬† consciousness¬†so¬†that¬†we¬†can¬†create,¬†maintain,¬†and¬†healthily¬†evolve¬† all¬†of¬†this. ?¬† Barrett¬†Brown¬†(2004),¬†Integral¬†Institute¬†for¬†Sustainability¬† emrgnc 2003 emrgnc 21. ‚ÄúSustainability¬†requires¬†us¬†to¬†ensure¬†the¬†Four¬†System¬†Conditions:¬† ¬† (a)¬† Substances¬†from¬†the¬†Earth? ¬†crust¬†must¬†not¬†systematically¬†increase¬†in nature. (This¬†means¬†that¬†fossil¬†fuels,¬†metals,¬†and¬†other¬†minerals¬†can¬† not¬†be¬†extracted¬†at¬†a¬†faster¬†rate¬†than¬†their¬†re? deposit¬†back¬†into¬†the¬† Earth? s¬†crust. )¬† Substances¬†produced¬†by¬†society¬†must¬†not¬†systematically¬†increase¬†in¬† nature. (This¬†means¬†that¬†things¬†like¬†plastics,¬†ozone? depleting¬† chemicals,¬†carbon¬†dioxide,¬†waste¬†materials,¬†etc. ,¬†must¬†not¬†be¬† produced¬†at¬†a¬†faster¬†rate¬†than¬†they¬†can¬†be¬†broken¬†down¬†in¬†nature. This¬†requires¬†a¬†greatly¬†decreased¬†production¬†of¬†naturally¬†occurring¬† substances¬†that¬†are¬†systematically¬†accumulating¬†beyond¬†natural¬† levels,¬†and¬†a¬†phase? ut¬†of¬†persistent¬†human? made¬†substances¬†not¬† found¬†in¬†nature. )¬† The¬†physical¬†basis¬†for¬†productivity¬†and¬†diversity¬†of¬†nature¬†must¬†not¬† be¬†systematically¬†diminished. (This¬†means¬†that¬†we¬†cannot¬†harvest¬†or¬† manipulate¬†ecosystems¬†in¬†such¬†a¬†way¬†as¬†to¬†diminish¬†their¬† productive¬†capacity,¬†or¬†threaten¬†the¬†natural¬†diversity¬†of¬†life¬†forms¬† (biodiversity). This¬†requires¬†that¬†we¬†critically¬†examine¬†how¬†we¬† harvest¬†renewable¬†resources,¬†and¬†(adjust¬†our¬†consumption¬†and¬† land? use¬†practices¬†to¬†fall¬†well¬†within¬†the¬†regenerative¬†capacities¬†of¬† ecosystems. )¬† We¬†must¬†be¬†fair¬†and¬†efficient¬†in¬†meeting¬†basic¬†human¬†needs. This¬† means¬†that¬†basic¬†human¬†needs¬†must¬†be¬†met¬†with¬†the¬†most¬†resource? efficient¬†methods¬†possible,¬†including¬†a¬†just¬†resource¬†distribution. )‚Äú? The¬†Natural¬†Step (b) (c¬†) (d) 22. ‚ÄúSustainability¬†can¬†be¬†defined¬†in¬†three¬†ways. First,¬†as¬†debt¬†sustainability. Second,¬†as¬†project¬†or¬†donor¬†sustainability,¬†so¬†when¬†funding¬†for¬†the¬†start¬†up¬† costs¬†of¬†a¬†project¬†conclude,¬†the¬†project¬†can¬†continue. Third,¬†sustainability of¬† the¬†environment¬†and¬†ecosystems¬†‚Ķ. we¬†must¬†scrap¬†our¬†long? held¬†embrace¬† of¬†the¬†first¬†two¬†definitions¬†of¬†sustainability¬†in¬†order¬†to¬†help¬†achieve¬†the¬† third.

Environmental¬†sustainability¬†is¬†defined¬†as¬†preserving¬†the¬†ecosystem¬† while¬†allowing¬†the¬†poor¬†to¬†improve¬†their¬†economic¬†condition. ‚ÄĚ? Jeffrey¬† Sachs¬†2002 emrgnc 2003 emrgnc 23. ?Sustainability¬†is¬†defined¬†in¬†economic¬†terms¬†as¬†? non? declining¬†capital? taking¬†capital¬†to¬†mean¬†not¬†just¬†monetary¬†and¬†human¬†capital,¬†as¬†economists¬† conventionally¬†consider¬†capital¬†to¬†be,¬†but¬†? natural¬†capital? ,¬†being¬†the¬†value¬† to¬†human¬†beings¬†of¬†the¬†Earth¬†itself.? Dresner,¬†2002¬† ¬† 24. ‚ÄúThe¬†concept¬†of¬†sustainability¬†amounts¬†to¬†a¬†call¬†to¬†deal¬†with¬†the¬†entire¬† complex¬†of¬†global¬†problems¬†as¬†an¬†interrelated¬†whole.

This¬†challenge¬†goes¬† well¬†beyond¬†the¬†scope¬†of¬†issues¬†individual¬†organizations¬†and¬†governments¬† have¬†had¬†to¬†deal¬†with¬†before,¬†and¬†it¬†demands¬†new¬†ways¬†of¬†thinking¬†and¬† acting. A¬†sustainable¬†society¬†is¬†one¬†that¬†has¬†in¬†place¬†informational¬† mechanism¬†to¬†keep¬†in¬†check¬†the¬†positive¬†feedback¬†lops¬†that¬†cause¬† exponential¬†population¬†and¬†[physical]¬†capital¬†growth. To¬†be¬†socially¬† sustainable¬†the¬†combination¬†of¬†population,¬†capital¬†and¬†technology¬†in¬† society¬†would¬†have¬†to¬†be¬†configured¬†so¬†that¬†the¬†material¬†living¬†standard¬†is¬† adequate¬†and¬†secure¬†for¬†everyone. ‚Ä̬†‚ÄstHardin¬†Tibbs¬†¬† ¬† 25.

Sustainability¬†exists¬†as¬†a¬†steady¬†dynamic¬†state¬†‚Ķ‚Äúif:¬†¬† ¬† 1. 2. 3. 26. ‚ÄúQualitative¬†change¬†of¬†a¬†finite¬†and¬†physically¬†non? growing¬†economic¬† system¬†in¬†dynamic¬†equilibrium¬†with¬†the¬†environment. ‚Ä̬†¬†This¬†is¬†because¬† any¬†physical¬†subsystem¬†of¬†a¬†finite¬†and¬†physically¬†non? growing¬†earth¬†must¬† itself¬†eventually¬†become¬†non? growing. The¬†term¬†sustainable¬†growth¬† would¬†then¬†become¬†self? contradictory,¬†but¬†sustainable¬†development¬†does¬† not. 27. ‚ÄúTaking¬†nothing¬†from¬†the¬†earth¬†that¬†is¬†not¬†renewable¬†and¬†doing¬†no¬†harm¬†to¬† the¬†biosphere. ‚Ä̬†? Ray¬†Anderson,¬†Interface¬† ¬† 28. Transforming¬†our¬†environmentally¬†destructive¬†economy¬†into¬†one¬†that¬†can¬† sustain¬†progress¬†depends¬†on¬†a¬†shift¬†in¬†economic¬†mindset,¬†recognizing¬†that¬† the¬†economy¬†is¬†part¬†of¬†the¬†earth‚Äôs¬†ecosystem¬†and¬†can¬†sustain¬†progress¬†only emrgnc 2003 Its¬†rates¬†of¬†use¬†of¬†renewable¬†resources¬†do¬†not¬†exceed¬†their¬†rates¬†of¬† regeneration. Its¬†rates¬†of¬†use¬†of¬†nonrenewable¬†resources¬†do¬†not¬†exceed¬†the¬†rate¬†at¬† which¬†sustainable¬†renewable¬†substitutes¬†are¬†developed. Its¬†rates¬†of¬†pollution¬†emission¬†do¬†not¬†exceed¬†the¬†assimilative¬† capacity¬†of¬†the¬†environment. ‚Ä̬†? Herman¬†Daly emrgnc if¬†it¬†is¬†restructured¬†so¬†that¬†it¬†is¬†compatible¬†with¬†it.

A¬†stable¬†relationship¬† between¬†earth¬†and¬†economy¬†? an¬†environmentally¬†sustainable¬†economy¬†¬†an¬† eco? economy,¬†requires¬†that¬†the¬†principles¬†of¬†ecology¬†establish¬†the¬† framework¬†for¬†the¬†formulation¬†of¬†economic¬†policy. Economics¬†integrated¬† into¬†ecology. ‚Ä̬†? Lester¬†R. Brown,¬†Worldwatch¬†Institute/Earth¬†Policy¬† Institute/Eco? Economy¬† ¬† 29. ‚ÄúI¬†don? t¬†use¬†the¬†word¬†because¬†I¬†think¬†it? s¬†undefinable¬†(at¬†least¬†after¬†¬†so¬† many¬†folks¬†have¬†used¬†it¬†to¬†mean¬†so¬†many¬†different¬†things)¬†and¬†not¬†very¬† useful. ‚Ä̬†¬†? Amory¬†Lovins,¬†CEO,¬†Rocky¬†Mountain¬†Institute¬† ¬† 30. ‚ÄúI? ve¬†avoided¬†trying¬†to¬†pose¬†one. If¬†I¬†had¬†to¬†give¬†one,¬†tho,¬†I? d¬†likely¬†use¬† Christopher¬†Juniper? ¬†? operations¬†that¬†cause¬†no¬†net¬†loss¬†of¬†human¬†or¬† natural¬†capital.? Christopher¬†also¬†uses¬†the¬†phrase¬†? Preservation¬†of¬† prosperity¬†opportunity¬†into¬†the¬†future? ,¬†especially¬†for¬†business¬†audiences. This,¬†however,¬†leaves¬†out¬†the¬†concept¬†of¬†being¬†restorative. It¬†also¬†ignores¬† the¬†time¬†scale¬†issue¬†? it¬†is¬†essentially¬†impossible¬†to¬†say¬†if¬†an¬†action¬†is¬† sustainable¬†in¬†the¬†short¬†term. Walter¬†Stahel,¬†the¬†father¬†of¬†the¬†cradle¬†to¬† cradle¬†concept¬†talks¬†of¬†sustainability¬†as¬†a¬†long¬†term¬†vision,¬†that¬†includes¬† environmental¬†protection,¬†human¬†health¬†and¬†safety,¬†efficient¬†use¬†of¬† resources¬†and¬†cultural¬†and¬†social¬†sustainability. ¬†? Hunter¬†Lovins,¬†CEO,¬† Natural¬†Capitalism¬†Group¬† ¬† 31. ‚ÄúSustainable¬†development¬†is¬†a¬†dynamic¬†process¬†which¬†enables¬†all¬†people¬†to¬† realize¬†their¬†potential¬†and¬†improve¬†their¬†quality¬†of¬†life¬†in¬†ways¬†which¬† simultaneously¬†protect¬†and¬†enhance¬†the¬†Earth‚Äôs¬†life¬†support¬†systems. ‚Ä̬†? Forum¬†For¬†The¬†Future¬† ¬† 32. ‚ÄúImproving¬†the¬†quality¬†of¬†life¬†for¬†all¬†living¬†beings¬†within¬†the¬†capacity of¬† nature¬†to¬†provide¬†that¬†life. ‚Ä̬†? Paul¬†Hawken¬† ¬† 33. ?Sustainability¬†refers¬†to¬†a¬†vector¬†of¬†development¬†(said¬†? vector? understood¬† as¬†containing¬†a¬†set¬†of¬†normatively¬†desired¬†socio? conomic¬†objectives¬†and¬† targets)¬†the¬†realization¬†of¬†which¬†does¬†not¬†normally¬†lead¬†to¬†the¬†sustained¬† erosion¬†of¬†the¬†natural¬†capital¬†of¬†the¬†society¬†(where¬†? natural¬†capital? is¬† understood¬†as¬†referring¬†to¬†both¬†the¬†stock¬†of¬†environmental¬†resources¬†and¬† the¬†human¬†socio? cultural¬†assets¬†used¬†in¬†creating¬†the¬†knowledge¬†that¬† defines¬†the¬†mode(s)¬†of¬†interaction¬†between¬†human¬†society¬†and¬†the¬† emrgnc 2003 emrgnc environmental¬†resources),¬†and¬†for¬†which¬†the¬†period¬†of¬†optimal¬†decision? making¬†always¬†reflects¬†considerations¬†of¬†inter? generational¬†equity¬†and¬† welfare.? ¬†Nikoi¬†Olai¬†Kote¬†(Economics¬†Professor¬†at¬†School¬†for¬†International¬† Training)¬† ¬† 34. ‚ÄúResponding¬†to¬†all¬†people? s¬†basic¬†needs¬†with¬†what¬†they¬†have¬†in¬†co? evolution¬†with¬†nature. ‚Ä̬†? Gunter¬†Pauli¬†(Founder¬†Ecover,¬†Founder¬†ZERI¬†? Zero¬†Emissions¬†Research¬†and¬†Initiatives)¬† ¬† 35. ‚ÄúThe¬†sustainable¬†society¬†is¬†one¬†that¬†lives¬†within¬†the¬†self? perpetuating¬†limits¬† of¬†its¬†environment. That¬†society… is¬†not¬†a¬†? no¬†growth? society… It¬†is¬†rather,¬† a¬† society¬† that¬† recognizes¬†the¬† limits¬† of¬† growth… [and]¬† looks¬† for¬† alternative¬† ways¬† of¬† growing. ‚Ä̬† ? J. Coomer¬† (ed),¬† ?

The¬† Nature¬† of¬† the¬† Quest¬† for¬† a¬† Sustainable¬†Society,? (1979)¬† ¬† 36. ‚ÄúSustainable¬† development¬† is¬† the¬† ¬† maintenance¬† of¬† essential¬† ecological¬† processes¬† and¬† life¬† support¬† systems,¬† the¬† preservation¬† of¬† genetic¬† diversity,¬† and¬† the¬† sustainable¬† utilization¬† of¬† species¬† and¬† ecosystems. ‚Ä̬† ? IUCN,¬† WWF¬† and¬†UNEP. The¬†World¬†Conservation¬†Strategy. Gland,¬†Switzerland. 1980. 37. ‚ÄúSustainable¬† development¬† ? development¬† that¬† is¬† likely¬† to¬† achieve¬† lasting¬† satisfaction¬† of¬† human¬† needs¬† and¬† improvement¬† of¬† the¬† quality¬† of¬† human¬† life. ¬†? R. Allen,¬†‚ÄúHow¬†to¬†Save¬†the¬†World‚Ä̬†(1980)¬†¬† ¬† 38. ‚ÄúThe¬† World¬† Commission¬† does¬† not¬† believe¬† that¬† a¬† dismal¬† scenario¬† of¬† mounting¬† destruction¬† of¬† national¬† global¬† potential¬† for¬† development¬† ? indeed,¬†of¬†earth? s¬†capacity¬†to¬†support¬†life¬†?? is¬†an¬†inescapable¬†destiny. The problems¬† are¬† planetary¬† ? but¬† they¬† are¬† not¬† insoluble. I¬† believe¬† that¬† history¬† will¬† record¬† that¬† in¬† this¬† crisis¬† the¬† two¬† greatest¬† resources,¬† land¬† and¬† people,¬† will¬†redeem¬†the¬†promise¬†of¬†development. If¬†we¬†take¬†care¬†of¬†nature,¬†nature¬† will¬† take¬† care¬† of¬† us.

Conservation¬† has¬† truly¬† of¬† age¬† when¬† it¬† acknowledges¬† that¬†if¬†we¬†want¬†to¬†save¬†part¬†of¬†the¬†system,¬†we¬†have¬†to¬†save¬†the¬†system¬†itself. This¬† is¬† the¬† essence¬† of¬† what¬† we¬† call¬† sustainable¬† development. There¬† are¬† many¬† dimensions¬† to¬† sustainability. First¬† it¬† requires¬† the¬† elimination¬† of¬† poverty¬† and¬† deprivation. Second,¬† it¬† requires¬† the¬† conservation¬† and¬† enhancement¬† of¬† the¬† resources¬† base¬† which¬† alone¬† can¬† ensure¬† that¬† the¬† elimination¬†of¬†poverty¬†is¬†permanent. Third,¬†it¬†requires¬†a¬†broadening¬†of¬†the¬† concept¬† of¬† development¬† so¬† that¬† it¬† covers¬† not¬† only¬† economic¬† growth,¬† but¬† emrgnc 2003 mrgnc also¬† social¬† and¬† cultural¬† development. Forth,¬† and¬† most¬† important,¬† it¬† requires¬† unification¬† of¬† economics¬† and¬† ecology¬† in¬† decision? making¬† at¬† all¬† levels. ‚Äú¬† ? Prime¬† Minister¬† H. Gro¬† Brundtland. ?Sir¬† Peter¬† Scott¬† Lecture,? Bristol,¬†8¬†October,¬†1986. 39. ‚ÄúA¬†major¬†challenge¬†of¬†the¬†coming¬†decades¬†is¬†to¬†learn¬†how¬†long? term¬†large? scale¬† interactions¬† between¬† environment¬† and¬† development¬† can¬† be¬† better¬† managed¬† to¬† increase¬† the¬† prospects¬† for¬† ecologically¬† sustainable¬† improvements¬†in¬†human¬†well? being. ‚Ä̬†? W. Clark¬†and¬†R. Munn. Sustainable¬† Development¬†of¬†the¬†Biosphere¬†(1986)¬†¬† ¬† 40. The¬† core¬† of¬† the¬† idea¬† of¬† sustainability,¬† then,¬† is¬† the¬† concept¬† that¬† current¬† decisions¬† should¬† not¬† impair¬† the¬† prospects¬† for¬† maintaining¬† or¬† improving¬† future¬†living¬†standards… This¬†implies¬†that¬†our¬†economic¬†systems¬†should¬†be¬† managed¬†so¬†that¬†we¬†can¬†live¬†off¬†the¬†dividend¬†of¬†our¬†resources,¬†maintaining¬† and¬† improving¬† the¬† asset¬† base. This¬† principle¬† also¬† has¬† much¬† in¬† common¬† with¬† the¬† ideal¬† concept¬† of¬† income¬† that¬† accountants¬† seek¬† to¬† determine:¬† the¬† greatest¬† amount¬† that¬† can¬† be¬† consumed¬† in¬† the¬† current¬† period¬† without

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member
unlock