Survey of Cheating Among Business Students Essay
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 Category: Database
 Pages: 7
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Introduction
Cheat has been a concern of the senior member of the College of Business at Rocky University for a few old ages. A survey was directed to study the current moral behavior of concern people at Rocky University. As a major facet of this survey, an unknown passageway overview was regulated to a specimen of 90 concern standbies from this present twelvemonth ‘s graduation category. Three kinds of victimizing are considered specifically “ exhibiting work replicated off the Internet ” , “ doubling answers off an surrogate bookman ‘s test ” and “ teaming up with different people on ventures that should be finished independently ” .
Report
To: Dean of Rocky University
From: Statistical Analyst
Date: 15022014
Capable: Statistical Analysis on Ethical Behavior of Business Students at Rocky University
Part 1:
Copied from Internet 
Copied on Exam 
Collaborated on Individual Project 

Gender 
Yes 
No 
Yes 
No 
Yes 
No 
Male 
23 
16 
16 
23 
20 
19 
Female 
26 
25 
29 
22 
25 
26 
Entire 
49 
41 
45 
45 
45 
45 
Proportion of all pupils 
54.44 % 
45.56 % 
50.00 % 
50.00 % 
50.00 % 
50.00 % 
Proportion of Male 
58.97 % 
41.03 % 
41.03 % 
58.97 % 
51.28 % 
48.72 % 
Proportion of Female 
50.98 % 
49.02 % 
56.86 % 
43.14 % 
49.02 % 
50.98 % 
 54.44 % of all standbies displayed work duplicated off the Internet as their ain.
 58.97 % of male bookmans introduced work duplicated off the Internet as their ain.
 50.98 % of female bookmans introduced work duplicated off the Internet as their ain.
 41.03 % of all bookmans duplicated answers off an surrogate bookman ‘s test.
 56.86 % of male bookmans duplicated answers off an surrogate bookman ‘s test.
 32.22 % of female bookmans duplicated answers off an surrogate bookman ‘s test.
 Onehalf of all bookmans worked together with different scholars on activities that should be finished independently.
 51.28 % of male bookmans worked together with different scholars on activities that should be finished independently.
 49.02 % of female bookmans worked together with different scholars on activities that should be finished independently.
Part 2:
There are 90 concern scholars in the specimen in which 5 bookmans do n’t included in any sort of bamboozling. That is, the remaining 85 standbies included in some sort of tricking.
95 % certainty meantime for the extent of all bookmans who were included in some kind of duping is given by
where P = x/n = 85/90 = 0.944444444,= 1.959963985, n = 90
= ( 0.8971, 0.9918 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of all pupils who were involved in some type of cheating is within ( 89.71 % , 99.18 % ) .
Detailss
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
90 
Number of Successes 
85 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.944444444 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.024145194 
Interval Half Width 
0.047323711 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.8971 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.9918 
In the illustration there are 39 males in which 4 do n’t included in any kind of bamboozling. That is, the remaining 35 cats included in some sort of conning.
95 % trust meantime for the extent of male scholars who were included in some sort of deceiving is given by
where P = x/n = 35/39 = 0.897435897,= 1.959963985, n = 39
= ( 0.8022, 0.9927 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of males who were involved in some type of cheating is within ( 80.22 % , 99.27 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
39 
Number of Successes 
35 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.897435897 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.048581074 
Interval Half Width 
0.095217154 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.8022 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.9927 
In the illustration there are 51 females in which 1 does non included in any sort of conning. That is, the remaining 50 females included in some kind of deceiving.
95 % trust meantime for the extent of female people who were included in some kind of tricking is given by
where P = x/n = 50/51 = 0.980392157,= 1.959963985, n = 51
= ( 0.9, 1 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of females who were involved in some type of cheating is within ( 90 % , 100 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
51 
Number of Successes 
50 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.980392157 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.019414658 
Interval Half Width 
0.038052030 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.9 
Interval Upper Limit 
1.0 
Part 3:
95 % assurance intervals for the proportion of all pupils who were involved in copying off the Internet is given by,
where P = x/n = 49/90 = 0.544444444,= 1.959963985, n = 90
= ( 0.4416, 0.6473 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of all pupils who were involved in copying off the Internet is within ( 44.16 % , 64.73 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
90 
Number of Successes 
49 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.544444444 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.052495999 
Interval Half Width 
0.102890267 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.4416 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.6473 
95 % assurance interval for the proportion of male pupils who were involved in copying off the Internet is given by
where P = x/n = 23/39 = 0.58974359,= 1.959963985, n = 39
= ( 0.4354, 0.7441 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of males who were involved in copying off the Internet is within ( 43.54 % , 74.41 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
39 
Number of Successes 
23 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.58974359 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.078763861 
Interval Half Width 
0.154374331 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.4354 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.7441 
95 % assurance interval for the proportion of female pupils who were involved in copying off the Internet is given by
where P = x/n = 26/51 = 0.509803922,= 1.959963985, n = 51
= ( 0.3726, 0.6470 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of females who were involved in copying off the Internet is within ( 37.26 % , 64.7 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
51 
Number of Successes 
26 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.509803922 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.070000544 
Interval Half Width 
0.137198545 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.3726 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.6470 
Part 4:
95 % assurance intervals for the proportion of all pupils who were involved in copying off another ‘s test is given by,
where P = x/n = 45/90 = 0.50,= 1.959963985, n = 90
= ( 0.3967, 0.6033 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of all pupils who were involved in copying off another ‘s test is within ( 39.67 % , 60.33 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
90 
Number of Successes 
45 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.5 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.052704628 
Interval Half Width 
0.103299172 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.3967 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.6033 
95 % assurance interval for the proportion of male pupils who were involved in copying off another ‘s test is given by
where P = x/n = 16/39 = 0.41025641,= 1.959963985, n = 39
= ( 0.2559, 0.5646 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of males who were involved in copying off another ‘s test is within ( 25.59 % , 56.46 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
39 
Number of Successes 
16 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.41025641 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.078763861 
Interval Half Width 
0.154374331 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.2559 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.5646 
95 % assurance interval for the proportion of female pupils who were involved in copying off another ‘s test is given by
where P = x/n = 29/51 = 0.568627451,= 1.959963985, n = 51
= ( 0.4327, 0.7046 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of females who were involved in copying off another ‘s test is within ( 43.27 % , 70.46 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
51 
Number of Successes 
29 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.568627451 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.069351375 
Interval Half Width 
0.135926197 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.4327 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.7046 
Part 5:
95 % assurance intervals for the proportion of all pupils who were involved in join forcesing on what was meant to be an single undertaking is given by,
where P = x/n = 45/90 = 0.50,= 1.959963985, n = 90
= ( 0.3967, 0.6033 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of all pupils who were involved in join forcesing on what was meant to be an single undertaking is within ( 39.67 % , 60.33 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
90 
Number of Successes 
45 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.5 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.052704628 
Interval Half Width 
0.103299172 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.3967 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.6033 
95 % assurance interval for the proportion of male pupils who were involved in join forcesing on what was meant to be an single undertaking is given by
where P = x/n = 20/39 = 0.512820513,= 1.959963985, n = 39
= ( 0.3559, 0.6697 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of males who were involved in join forcesing on what was meant to be an single undertaking is within ( 35.59 % , 66.97 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
39 
Number of Successes 
20 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.512820513 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.080037753 
Interval Half Width 
0.156871113 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.3559 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.6697 
95 % assurance interval for the proportion of female pupils who were involved in join forcesing on what was meant to be an single undertaking is given by
where P = x/n = 25/51 = 0.490196078,= 1.959963985, n = 51
= ( 0.3530, 0.6274 )
Therefore with 95 % assurance we can claim that the proportion of females who were involved in join forcesing on what was meant to be an single undertaking is within ( 35.3 % , 62.74 % ) .
Explanation
95 % Confidence Interval Estimate for the Proportion 

Datas 

Sample Size 
51 
Number of Successes 
25 
Confidence Level 
95 % 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.490196078 
Z Value 
1.959963985 
Standard Error of the Proportion 
0.070000544 
Interval Half Width 
0.137198545 
Assurance Time interval 

Interval Lower Limit 
0.3530 
Interval Upper Limit 
0.6274 
Part 6:
Null hypothesis:
H0: The proportion of concern pupils at Rocky University who were non involved in some type of rip offing ? 0.14. ( p ? 0.14 )
Alternative hypothesis:
H1: The proportion of concern pupils at Rocky University who were non involved in some type of rip offing & A ; lt ; 0.14. ( p & A ; lt ; 0.14 )
Test statistic:
Used is, where P = 5/90 = 0.055555556, n = 90, P_{0}= 0.14
Therefore,= 2.308761619
Rejection standards:
Reject the void hypothesis, if the deliberate value of Z is less than the critical value of Z at the 0.05 significance degree.
Lower critical value = 1.644853627
Decision:
Reject the void hypothesis, since the discovered appraisal of Z is short of what the basic appraisal of Z. The specimen gives adequate verification to deduce that the extent of concern standbies at Rocky University who were non included in some kind of swindling is short of what that of concern people someplace else.
Explanation
Z Test of Hypothesis for the Proportion 

Datas 

Null Hypothesis i?° = 
0.1400 
Degree of Significance 
0.05 
Number of Items of Interest 
5 
Sample Size 
90 
Intermediate Calculations 

Sample Proportion 
0.055555556 
Standard Error 
0.036575645 
Z Test Statistic 
2.308761619 
LowerTail Trial 

Lower Critical Value 
1.644853627 
PValue 
0.010478406 
Reject the void hypothesis 

Part 7:
 With 95 % trust we can asseverate that the extent of all scholars who were included in some sort of conning is indoors ( 89.71 % , 99.18 % ) .
 With 95 % trust we can vouch that the extent of cats who were included in some sort of duping is indoors ( 80.22 % , 99.27 % ) .
 With 95 % trust we can vouch that the extent of females who were included in some sort of duping is indoors ( 90 % , 100 % ) .
 With 95 % trust we can vouch that the extent of all standbies who were included in retroflexing off the Internet is indoors ( 44.16 % , 64.73 % ) .
 With 95 % trust we can vouch that the extent of cats who were included in retroflexing off the Internet is indoors ( 43.54 % , 74.41 % ) .
 With 95 % trust we can vouch that the extent of females who were included in retroflexing off the Internet is indoors ( 37.26 % , 64.7 % ) .
 With 95 % certainty we can asseverate that the extent of all bookmans who were included in doubling off an surrogate ‘s test is indoors ( 39.67 % , 60.33 % ) .
 With 95 % certainty we can asseverate that the extent of cats who were included in doubling off an surrogate ‘s test is indoors ( 25.59 % , 56.46 % ) .
 With 95 % certainty we can asseverate that the extent of females who were included in doubling off an surrogate ‘s test is indoors ( 43.27 % , 70.46 % ) .
 With 95 % certainty we can asseverate that the extent of all bookmans who were included in working together on what was intended to be an single project is indoors ( 39.67 % , 60.33 % ) .
 With 95 % certainty we can asseverate that the extent of cats who were included in working together on what was intended to be an single venture is indoors ( 35.59 % , 66.97 % ) .
 With 95 % certainty we can asseverate that the extent of females who were included in teaming up on what was intended to be an single undertaking is indoors ( 35.3 % , 62.74 % ) .
 There is sufficient cogent evidence to ground that the extent of concern people at Rocky University who were non included in some sort of conning is short of what that of concern
Decision:
54.4 % of the concern people do n’t included in retroflexing off the Internet. Half of the concern people included in retroflexing off an surrogate ‘s test. The extent of concern bookmans at Rocky University who were non included in some kind of tricking is short of what that of concern scholars someplace else.