studyspanish.com Grammar Unit 2 Ser & Estar

ser (to be)
soy,
eres,
es,
somos,
sois,
son,

estar (to be)
estoy,
estás,
está,
estamos,
estáis,
están,

Uses of ser
the hour, day, and date
place of origin.
occupation.
nationality.
religious or political affiliation.
the material something is made of
possession.
relationship of one person to another.
certain impersonal expressions.
where an event is taking place.
essential qualities.

Uses of estar
geographic or physical location.
state or condition.
many idiomatic expressions.
progressive tenses.

Ser and estar (contrasting uses)
When a noun follows the verb, use ser.
When an adjective follows the verb, decide between “essence” and “condition”.
To tell where something is from, use ser.
To tell where something is located right now, use estar.
To tell where an event is taking place, use ser.

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